On this web site, you will find information on, stories about and photos of those of my forebears (and their descendants) who first came to Australia, either alone or with their families. Most of these first arrivals came as assisted emigrants although two, Samuel Hickmott and John Cheeseman, were transported to Van Diemen's Land and New South Wales respectively.

elsie hickmottlaurie cheesemanThe first arrivals on my father, Laurie Cheeseman's side were: Benjamin Cheeseman and Clara Jane Cheeseman (nee Bass) from Kent in England, John Saunders Wright and Sarah Wright (nee Bodger) from Huntingdonshire, Thomas John Kersley from Hampshire, Bridget Buckley from County Cork in Ireland, and Alexander and Catherine Laurence (place of origin unknown but probably Ireland). To see Laurie's known forebears, click here.

The first arrivals on the side of my mother, Elsie Cheeseman nee Hickmott (pictured on the left), were Samuel Hickmott, Henry Hickmott and Sophia Hickmott (nee Goldsmith) all from Kent, William Free and Eliza Flavell from Cambridgeshire, Elizabeth Ann Owen from Wales, John Shepherd from Devonshire, and Johanna Mulchay from County Galway in Ireland. My mother's known forebears are shown here.

All arrived in Australia in the 1840s or 1850s. Some were forced by economic necessity to move from their loved ones and familiar surroundings and try their luck on the other side of the world. Some were lured by the stories of the gold rushes and the prospect of making their fortunes. All came from the labouring classes and, as such, had to work hard to support themselves and their families. It is likely that none had any real idea of what lay ahead of them, or of the hardships and heartaches they would have to endure. While none made a fortune, all remained in Australia and became part of the pioneering families of Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland and Western Australia.

To find out more about each 'first family', just click on the links listed below:

Or click here to see a full listing of the web pages contained on this site, and here to see some of the newly received photographs.

You can also use the box below to search the site for names, places or any other information.

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As you will see, the website and the information it contains are 'works-in-progress'. If you see anything that is wrong or missing, can identify any of the unknown photographs, have any extra information, stories or photos you would like to see added, or would like, simply, to say hello, please send me an e-mail at

Other websites containing information about one or more of our 'first families' are shown at Useful Links.

Listings of births, deaths and marriages, compiled for some of these and related families from various parish registers in the United Kingdom, are shown here.

In September 2011 the 'First Families' website was included by the Australian National Library on its Pandora web archive. This comprises a growing collection of Australia's online publications and involves such other collection partners as the Australian War Memorial, National Film and Sound Archive and the various State Libraries. The webside has been re-archived each year since 2013 ensuring that the people, photos and stories described within it will be available for public viewing well into the future.

kate middleton bri and sunny

What do these two women have in common? Answer: they are both the 4xgreat granddaughters of
John and Rebecca Goldsmith of Maidstone in Kent. Click here for more details.

Recent additions and updates

December 2017-
January 2018

We have updated the information on two of Henry Hickmott and Harriet Waters' sons: Joseph Hickmott (1872-1928) and Alfred Hickmott (1869-1956) and their families. Alfred married Alice McLeod (1871-1913) in Perth in 1898 and had six children: Marion Alice Laney, George Henry Hickmott, Annie Louisa Roy, Christina May Overbeck, Janet Harriet Higgins and Alfred David Hickmott. Joseph married Helen Watt (1885-1966) at Charlton in Victoria in 1907 and also had six children: Francis Joseph Hickmott, Gladys Helen Pendock, Reginald Hubert Hickmott, Ronald Henry Hickmott, Leslie James Hickmott and Angelina Harriet Stevens.

March-April 2017

As part of our sweep through the Australian Hickmotts, we have been reviewing and updating the families and descendants of the daughters of Henry Hickmott and Sophia Goldsmith. To date we have reviewed the material on Rebecca Smith (1851-1914) - adding in the process a new page of Smith Family photographs - and Eliza Osborne (1848-1912). Note the information on the descendants of Eliza's daughter Louisa Sophia Bassett nee Osborne was further updated on 15 November 2017 using information and photographs provided by Louisa's great grandson, Mike Bassett.

Information and photos obtained from the Wills Family Tree on Ancestry have been used to update our web page on Richard Alfred and Alice Amy Wills nee Cheeseman (1880-1917) and their children. It includes a new page of Wills and related photographs. Additional information supplied by Jenny Tapungao has also enabled us to update what we know about some of Alice's siblings including, to date, Sarah Jane Haggis, Ralph Edward Cheeseman, Ellen Frances Blackie and Ada May Allan (including photos of her eldest son Jack Allan (1908-84) and his wife Mona).

February 2017

Using as our basic source the late Win Noblet's books, The Hickmott Story 1825-1981 (Cambridge Press, Bendigo 1981) and The Hickmott Story continued (Digital Print Australia, Adelaide 2014), we have put together an overview of the family and descendants of William Henry Hickmott (1887-1976) and Frances Alice Free (1891-1979). Given the sheer size of this line of the Hickmott family, the overview is less a detailed family tree and more a compilation of snippets of information, selected memories and anecdotes and accompanying photographs.

January 2017

Photographs provided by Jenny Tapungao, a descendent of Rosina Olive ('Rose') Tulloch nee Cheeseman (1891-1969) has enabled us to update the relevant section of the Alfred John Cheeseman (1849-1922) and family webpage as well as include a new page of photographs of Rose and her family and relatives. The photographs included one of Herbert Benjamin Cheeseman which has been included in an update of his family and descendants.

Nov 2016 - Jan 2017

Using information provided some time ago by Norman Carter plus Ancestry, Trove and other sources, we have begun to update the Western Australian Hickmotts webpages. To date we have covered John James Hickmott and his family (updated on 24 January 2018 using information supplied by Graeme Hickmott) as well as the families and descendants of five daughters of Henry Edward Hickmott: Sophia Elizabeth, Alice Ann, Ruby Minnie, Ella Adeline and Rebecca Elsie Hickmott. The additional material here includes a new page of Hickmott and related photos.

We have also written a review of the ten years the girls's father, Henry Edward Hickmott, spent as a Western Australian MLA. A final draft of the review can be viewed as a pdf file here. It would be fair to say we have been more pleased and impressed than disappointed by Henry's experience. While neither suitable for, nor aspiring to, party leadership or ministerial roles, he proved to be a conscientious, hard-working and generally well-liked and respected local member. An inaugural member of the Western Australian Country Party, Henry also entered Parliament in interesting times. His experience, and those of his Parliamentary colleagues, provide important resonances to politics in Australia today and so are worth considering from a broader political as well as a family history perspective.

Brick walls

Described below are some of the members of our extended family who
we have not been able to trace beyond a certain period or date.

Samuel Hickmott

Samuel Hickmott was transported with his brother, Thomas, to Van Diemen's Land in 1840. After being granted a certificate of freedom in January 1850, he travelled from Tasmania to South Australia where his son, Henry Hickmott, was then living. In around 1856 Samuel left South Australia for the Victorian goldfields (we think he may have accompanied Henry and some of his colleagues on their overland journey to Bendigo but have no evidence for this). Our last sighting of Samuel was in January 1872 when he was admitted to Victoria's Maryborough and District Hospital (Henry was registered as living at Maryborough late in 1871 prior to taking up land at nearby Charlton). The hospital records don't indicate how long Samuel remained a patient, merely stating that, on discharge, he was 'sent to his friends'. We have not been able to trace Samuel after this or ascertain when and where he died and was buried. It is possible he joined Henry at Charlton, or went to Warrnambool to where his brother Thomas had moved in the 1860s (Thomas died and was buried at Warrnambool in August 1871. Or he may have gone somewhere else entirely. The search continues.

Benjamin Cheeseman

Together with his wife, Jane, and three small children, Benjamin Cheeseman emigrated from England to Australia in 1853. He was contracted to work for a James Egan of the Major's Line station near Heathcote in central Victoria for a period of six months. It seems that after completing their contract with Egan, Benjamin and Jane left Heathcote for the Maryborough and later the Ararat goldfields. Some time between 1854 and 1866, Benjamin died where the versions of what happened to him differ slightly. Some in the family thought he died of thirst on the 'Old Man's Plains' while trying to walk to the Orange goldfields in New South Wales. Others thought he was found wandering in a state of delirium on the 'Emu Plains' and was taken to the Ararat mental asylum where he died soon after admission (this was more likely Jane's second husband, William Henry Robinson). Whatever the truth of the matter, we have found no official record of Benjamin's death or of his burial - his final whereabouts remains a mystery.

Christina May Hickmott

Christina May Hickmott was one of Samuel Hickmott's great grand-daughters (the third daughter of Alfred Hickmott and Alice McLeod). She was born in Kookynie in Western Australia in 1905 and married Bruce Ray Overbeck (1914-67) in Melbourne in 1933. Bruce, who served in the 2/12 Field Artillery Regiment during the Second World War, was the son of Charles Augustus Overbeck (1873-1953) and Caroline Sophie Louise Helena Hoffmann (1888-1976). We think they either separated or were divorced after the war. Bruce went to Sydney to live and work as a baker. Christina was in Melbourne at the time of the 1949 election but thereafter disappears from the electoral roll. We suspect she re-married but have not been able to confirm it. Nor do we know if she and Bruce had any children.

Emily Grace Cheeseman

One of Benjamin and Jane's grand-daughters, Emily Grace Cheeseman was born near Morchup in central Victoria in 1889 and married Victor James Mills in Melbourne in 1911. They had had two boys by the time Victor enlisted in the First AIF and departed for overseas service in 1916. Emily and her boys lived with her family at Beaufort during the war. On hearing Victor was coming home, Emily took the boys to her mother-in-law's at Ballarat and left them there. According to her niece she feared resuming her life with Victor and saw leaving him as her only way out of 'a bad marriage'. Sadly her decision also led her to be separated from, and ostracised by, members of her own family. 'Aunty Ada was the last of the family to see her, long after we went to the Mallee, Ada just shut the door on her, said she was with an Army officer and was well dressed'. Some in the family believe Emily had a daughter, Shiela Grace Cheeseman, who was born after the war although we have been unable to confirm it.

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