On this web site, you will find information on, stories about and photos of those of my forebears (and their descendants) who first came to Australia, either alone or with their families. Most of these first arrivals came as assisted emigrants although two, Samuel Hickmott and John Cheeseman, were transported to Van Diemen's Land and New South Wales respectively.
The first arrivals on my father, Laurie Cheeseman's side were: Benjamin Cheeseman and Clara Jane Cheeseman (nee Bass) from Kent in England, John Saunders Wright and Sarah Wright (nee Bodger) from Huntingdonshire, Thomas John Kersley from Hampshire, Bridget Buckley from County Cork in Ireland, and Alexander and Catherine Laurence (place of origin unknown but probably Ireland). To see Laurie's known forebears, click here.
The first arrivals on the side of my mother, Elsie Cheeseman nee Hickmott (pictured on the left), were Samuel Hickmott, Henry Hickmott and Sophia Hickmott (nee Goldsmith) all from Kent, William Free and Eliza Flavell from Cambridgeshire, Elizabeth Ann Owen from Wales, John Shepherd from Devonshire, and Johanna Mulchay from County Galway in Ireland. My mother's known forebears are shown here.
All arrived in Australia in the 1840s or 1850s. Some were forced by economic necessity to move from their loved ones and familiar surroundings and try their luck on the other side of the world. Some were lured by the stories of the gold rushes and the prospect of making their fortunes. All came from the labouring classes and, as such, had to work hard to support themselves and their families. It is likely that none had any real idea of what lay ahead of them, or of the hardships and heartaches they would have to endure. While none made a fortune, all remained in Australia and became part of the pioneering families of Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland and Western Australia.
To find out more about each 'first family', just click on the links listed below:
Or click here to see a full listing of the web pages contained on this site, and here to see some of the newly received photographs.
You can also use the box below to search the site for names, places or any other information.
As you will see, the website and the information it contains are 'works-in-progress'. If you see anything that is wrong or missing, can identify any of the unknown photographs, have any extra information, stories or photos you would like to see added, or would like, simply, to say hello, please send me an e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
Other websites containing information about one or more of our 'first families' are shown at Useful Links.
Listings of births, deaths and marriages, compiled for some of these and related families from various parish registers in the United Kingdom, are shown here.
In September 2011 the 'First Families' website was included by the Australian National Library on its Pandora web archive. This comprises a growing collection of Australia's online publications and involves such other collection partners as the Australian War Memorial, National Film and Sound Archive and the various State Libraries. The webside has been re-archived each year since 2013 ensuring that the people, photos and stories described within it will be available for public viewing well into the future.
What do these two women have in common? Answer: they are both the 4xgreat granddaughters of
John and Rebecca Goldsmith of Maidstone in Kent. Click here for more details.
We are currently updating what we know about William Free and his second wife Eliza's eldest daughter Phoebe Ann Free (1862-1927). Born at Teesdale in Victoria, Phoebe married John Thomas Gilchrist (1857-1934) at Donald in 1881 and had 13 children between 1881 and 1906: Ethel Edith Beseler (1881-1946), Alice Martha Berry (1883-1947), William John Gilchrist (1885-1948), Francis James Gilchrist (1886-1928), Walter Herbert Gilchrist (1889-1915), Beatrice Eliza McQienn (1890-1953), Annie Victoria Finn (1892-1966), Charles Bertie Gilchrist (1893-1975), Blanche Catrina Gilchrist (1896-7), Leslie Gordon Gilchrist (1899-1952), Theresa Lilian Berry (1901-82), Stanley Robert Gilchrist (1903-80) and Donald Edward Gilchrist (1906-77).
We have updated what we know about Phoebe's older brother, John Free (1857-1918). Born at Mount Hesse, John married Mary King (1858-1942), daughter of William Wyman King (1830-1906) and Ann Tarry (1828-1902), at Carchap near Noradjuha in central Victoria in 1878. After farming in the Nurrabiel and Leitchville areas, John died at Bendigo in 1918. Mary died at Cohuna in 1942. They had six children: John William Henry Free (1879-1919), Mary Madeline Emelia Dye later Vogel (1881-1943), Gertrude Henrietta Isabella Jackman (1886-1943), Walter Charles Alexander Free (1889-1971), Francis Norman Roy Free (1894-1948) and Thomas Merlin Olave Elnathan Free (1902-89). Between them these provided their parents with 19 grandchildren and at least 39 great- and 67 great-great-grandchildren we know of.
|November 2019 -
We have updated the information and photos we have on three daughters of William Joseph Laurence (1855-1929) and Mary Jane Kersley (1861-1919) who were married at West Melbourne in 1884: Lucy Margaret Pearson (1898-1985), Catherine Barclay (1891-1979) and Bridget Ellen Williams (1896-1949). Lucy married Edmond ('Ned') Pearson (1899-1990) at Narrandera in 1919 and had four children. Catherine, or 'Kitty' as she was known, married John Robert ('Jack') Barclay (1891-1979) at Narrandera in 1920 and had eight children. And Bridget ('Nell') married Robert Alfred Williams (1887-1960) at Narrandera in 1914 and had twelve children.
We have also updated what we know about the family and descendants of four of Mary Jane's siblings: 1) Emily Kersley (1859-86), who married Samuel Claxton (1855-1914) at St Arnaud in 1883 and had one son, Thomas Edward Claxton (1884-1956), before Emily's untimely death from enteric fever at Main Lead near Beaufort in 1886; 2) Thomas John Kersley jnr (1863-1932) who married Christina Howes (1864-1957) at St Arnaud in Victoria in 1885 and had eleven children: Christina Emily Mustow (1887-1970), Percy William (1889-91), Thomas Ernest (1891-1973), Amy May (1893-1901), Myrtle Nellie Thaw (1895-1951), John Howes (1897-1953), Ida Olive (1899-1900), Leslie Gordon (1903-1991), Doris Mabel King (1905-1983), Alan Frederick (1907-35) and Frank Keith Kersley (1909-90); 3) Cornelius Kersley (1868-1950) who married Wilhelmina Alice ('Minnie') Burrowes nee Campion (1871-1937) in Melbourne in 1909 and had three sons - John, Roy and Henry Kersley - all of whom married and had children and grandchildren of their own; and 4) Ellen Louise Kersley (1876-1931) who married Hugh Smith (1869-1937) in Sydney in 1902 and had six children: Gladys Louise Robson (1904-1971), Myrtle Mary Stella Yates (1905-1983), Kathleen Maud Stewart (1907-1970), Cornelius Sheridan (1908-1983), Josephine Mary Sargent (1911-1999) and John Roy Smith (1916-1974).
The 'Ballarat Benevolent Asylum Register Records (1860-81)' contained in Victoria's Public Records Office provides us with a further snippet of information on the life of Samuel Hickmott in Victoria during the 1860s and 1870s.
We have added more information about the family and descendants of Samuel's niece, Mary Jane Wright nee Jenner/Hickmott (1835-1920) who, with her husband, Adkisson James Wright (1834-1915) emigrated to Australia from London in 1863. They lived in Queensland initially and then Adelaide in South Australia and had four children - Charlotte Elizabeth White (1864-1951), Amy Caroline Wright (1866-67), George Henry Edward Wright (1867-unknown) and Charles Theodore Wright (1869-1923) - and five grandchildren we are aware of.
Using information provided by Natalie Barrington and other sources, we have begun to update what we know about Ellen Eliza Suttie nee Cheeseman (1887-1967). A granddaughter of our Benjamin, Ellen married Thomas Doig Suttie (1883-1963) at Ballarat in April 1913 and had seven children: John Ernest Suttie (1908-53), Thomas David Suttie (1921-76), Robert Thomas Suttie (1940-prob2009), Thelma Ann Howlett (1917-97) and three others.
Samuel Hickmott was transported with his brother, Thomas, to Van Diemen's Land in 1840. After being granted a certificate of freedom in January 1850, he travelled from Tasmania to South Australia where his son, Henry Hickmott, was then living. In around 1856 Samuel left South Australia for the Victorian goldfields (we think he may have accompanied Henry and some of his colleagues on their overland journey to Bendigo but have no evidence for this). Our last sighting of Samuel was in January 1872 when he was admitted to Victoria's Maryborough and District Hospital (Henry was registered as living at Maryborough late in 1871 prior to taking up land at nearby Charlton). The hospital records don't indicate how long Samuel remained a patient, merely stating that, on discharge, he was 'sent to his friends'. We have not been able to trace Samuel after this or ascertain when and where he died and was buried. It is possible he joined Henry at Charlton, or went to Warrnambool to where his brother Thomas had moved in the 1860s (Thomas died and was buried at Warrnambool in August 1871. Or he may have gone somewhere else entirely. The search continues.
Together with his wife, Jane, and three small children, Benjamin Cheeseman emigrated from England to Australia in 1853. He was contracted to work for a James Egan of the Major's Line station near Heathcote in central Victoria for a period of six months. It seems that after completing their contract with Egan, Benjamin and Jane left Heathcote for the Maryborough and later the Ararat goldfields. Some time between 1854 and 1866, Benjamin died where the versions of what happened to him differ slightly. Some in the family thought he died of thirst on the 'Old Man's Plains' while trying to walk to the Orange goldfields in New South Wales. Others thought he was found wandering in a state of delirium on the 'Emu Plains' and was taken to the Ararat mental asylum where he died soon after admission (this was more likely Jane's second husband, William Henry Robinson). Whatever the truth of the matter, we have found no official record of Benjamin's death or of his burial - his final whereabouts remains a mystery.
|Christina May Hickmott||
Christina May Hickmott was one of Samuel Hickmott's great grand-daughters (the third daughter of Alfred Hickmott and Alice McLeod). She was born in Kookynie in Western Australia in 1905 and married Bruce Ray Overbeck (1914-67) in Melbourne in 1933. Bruce, who served in the 2/12 Field Artillery Regiment during the Second World War, was the son of Charles Augustus Overbeck (1873-1953) and Caroline Sophie Louise Helena Hoffmann (1888-1976). We think they either separated or were divorced after the war. Bruce went to Sydney to live and work as a baker. Christina was in Melbourne at the time of the 1949 election but thereafter disappears from the electoral roll. We suspect she re-married but have not been able to confirm it. Nor do we know if she and Bruce had any children.
|Emily Grace Cheeseman||
One of Benjamin and Jane's grand-daughters, Emily Grace Cheeseman was born near Morchup in central Victoria in 1889 and married Victor James Mills in Melbourne in 1911. They had had two boys by the time Victor enlisted in the First AIF and departed for overseas service in 1916. Emily and her boys lived with her family at Beaufort during the war. On hearing Victor was coming home, Emily took the boys to her mother-in-law's at Ballarat and left them there. According to her niece she feared resuming her life with Victor and saw leaving him as her only way out of 'a bad marriage'. Sadly her decision also led her to be separated from, and ostracised by, members of her own family. 'Aunty Ada was the last of the family to see her, long after we went to the Mallee, Ada just shut the door on her, said she was with an Army officer and was well dressed'. Some in the family believe Emily had a daughter, Shiela Grace Cheeseman, who was born after the war although we have been unable to confirm it.