James Hickmott ( 1823- )


Born: 5 January 1823, Pembury Kent England

Father: Samuel Hickmott (1799-c1872)

Mother: Harriett Hartridge ( -1827)

Married: Mary Ann Unknown

James was the second son of Samuel Hickmott and Harriet Hartridge. He was born at Pembury in Kent on 5 January 1823 and lived there until around 1830 first with his father and mother and then, following his mother's death in 1827, with his father and stepmother, Eliza Tester. After Eliza's death in Pembury in 1830, James and his father and two brothers returned to Lamberhurst. The boys were placed in the local parish Poor House just prior to Christmas 1833 and remained there for 18 months when they were released to their father (Samuel and his brother Thomas were also granted a sum of 3 pounds ten shillings and a bedstead by the parish officials). James and his brothers then lived with their father at Windmill Cottage near Tunbridge Wells until sometime in 1837 when Samuel and his older brother Thomas were indicted for stealing three lambs from the property of Samuel Pix, a Sussex farmer. On hearing the news Samuel and Thomas bolted. They remained at large until Christmas 1839 when they were arrested at the 'Brighton Railway'. The two brothers were tried at the Maidstone Assizes in January 1840, found guilty and transported to Australia in April the same year.

It is likely that during this time James and his brothers went to live with relatives and began working as apprentice brick makers. We know nothing of James' life until the 1861 census which shows him living at 21 Brick Fields, Buckhurst Hill in Chigwell in Essex. With him are his wife, Mary Ann (38 and born in Marden, Kent) and children William James (16, Marden), Daniel (14, Northfleet, Kent), Richard (12, Northfleet), Mary Ann (10, Gravesend), Caroline E (7, Northfleet), Emma S (5, Ilford, Kent) and Edward G (2, Ilford). In 1871 the family was at 261 Alfred Road in Buckhurst Hill. Children born since the previous census were Helen A. (10), Henry S. (8), Harriet A. (6) and Frederick H. (4) all of whom were born at Buckhurst Hill.

None of the family could be found in the 1881 census except James' eldest son, William James, who was the superintendent of the House of Industry at Douglas in the Isle of man. With him was his wife Alice Hickmott (aged 34 and born in Marylebone in London) who was said to be the matron of the same establishment. The family appeared again in 1891, however, again residing at Alfred Road in Buckhurst Hill. With James and his wife Mary were their unmarried sons Richard (44) and Henry S. (29 year-old labourer), their daughter Ellen A. (21, boot shopwoman) and two grand daughters Emma Hickmott (11 years old and born at Buckhurst Hill) and Gerty F. Hallett (3, Buckhurst Hill). My guess is that Emma was the eldest daughter of James' son Daniel and his wife Ellen (who were living at West Ham in London at the time).

The 1901 census showed James (aged 78 and described as a 'labourer out of work') residing at Cambridge Villas in Buckhurst Hill. Also there were Mary Ann (76, needlewoman), their son 'Dick' Hickmott (52 and 'too ill to work') and granddaughter Gerty Hickmott (13, born in London).


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 !  Known children and grandchildren

•  William James Hickmott (1846- ) and Alice (1847- )

Born in Marden in Kent , William married Alice (who was also born in Marden) sometime between 1871 and 1881. No known children.

•  Daniel Hickmott (1847- ) and Ellen E. (1857- )

Born in Northfleet (near Gravesend), Daniel married Ellen in around 1885. The 1891 census shows Daniel (44 year-old bricklayer) living at 35 Godense Road, West Ham in London. With him were Ellen C. (34 and born in Woodford Essex) and three children. The 1901 census shows the family residing at Ley Street Ilford in Essex. The censuses indicate that Daniel and Ellen had six children: Charles F. (born at Buckhurst Hill in Essex in 1886, a bricklayer by trade), James W. (1887, Buckhurst Hill), Ellen C. (1891, Buckhurst Hill), Ada (1893, Buckhurst Hill), Henry (1897, Ilford) and Arthur (1899, Ilford).

•  Richard Hickmott (1849- )

Born at Northfleet, Richard appears not to have married.

•  Mary Ann Hickmott (1851- )

Mary Ann was born at Gravesend, Kent.

•  Caroline E. Hickmott (1854- )

Born in Gravesend, Caroline, then aged 17 years, was working as a servant at Wallwood House in Leyton, Essex in 1871. A Caroline Hickmott (aged 20 years) left England in 1874 on the sailing ship DORETTE that travelled from Portsmouth to Auckland New Zealand.

•  Emma S. Hickmott (1856- )

Emma was born at Ilford in Kent.

•  Edward G. Hickmott (1859-) and Alice E. Chapman (1864- )

Born in Ilford in Essex, Edward married Alice Chapman in around 1886 probably in Chigwell in Essex. Alice had been born in Margaret Ruthing in Essex). The 1901 census shows Edward (43, year-old bricklayer) living at 34 Pembroke Rd in Ilford with Alice and four children: Mary A. (14), Emma L. (5), Edward G. (3) and Caroline E. (1) where the first three had been born at Buckhurst Hill and the last at Ilford.