Frances Mary Hannah (Annie) Cheeseman (1852-1919)
Nathaniel Lucas (1844-1932)

(6 September 2020)

Frances Mary Hannah ('Annie') Cheeseman (1852-1919), was born at Hythe in the county of Kent in England on 13 December 1852, the only daughter of Benjamin Langford Cheeseman (1827-c1856) and Jane Bass (1826-88). Less than two months later, she and her parents and siblings made their way to Southampton in Hampshire where they boarded the sailing ship CALLIOPE which, on 3 February 1853, set sail for the colony of Victoria on the other side of the world. Annie spent her first six months in Victoria at Heathcote where her father and aunt, Emily Bass who accompanied them on the voyage out, were employed by an Irishman, James Egan, at his sheep station there. The family then spent time at the Maryborough goldfields where Annie's father either died or walked out. The ten year-old Annie would have been living with her mother and step-father, William Henry Robinson, when Jane heard of the death, in 1862, of her youngest son, Herbert William Cheeseman, who was working as a dairy boy at Bung Bong. Annie may still have been with her mother, Clara Jane as she now called herself, when William Henry Robinson died in 1869 although we think it more likely she, along with her two older brothers, Alfred John and Thomas George Cheeseman, had by then moved to Carngham.

Annie married Nathaniel Lucas (1844-1932) in the Church of England at Carngham on 5 December 1870. Their wedding certificate states she was 17 years old and working as a domestic servant. Nathaniel was described as a 25 year-old bachelor and wood splitter. The marriage was witnessed by Annie's older brother, Thomas Cheeseman, and a Hannah Jane Lucas. Annie's mother, Jane Robertson [sic], provided written permission for her daughter to marry. Nathaniel Lucas was born at Everton in Tasmania in 1845 and moved to Victoria with his family when he was nine years old. His parents were James Lucas, a wheelwright, and Elizabeth Sides (formerly Murray). James was the son of two First Fleet convicts: Nathanial Lucas (born at Kington in Surrey in England in 1764) and Olivia Gascoyne (Severn Stoke, Worcester in England, 1763) who were married on Norfolk Island in 1791 and moved to Liverpool in Sydney where the elder Nathaniel died in 1818.

The places of birth of their seven children indicate Annie and Nathaniel lived and worked at Cargnham until around 1880 then Chute, Waterloo, Beaufort and Numurkah. The Australian electoral rolls show they spent the latter part of their married lives living on Vaughan Street in Shepparton where Nathaniel worked for the Victorian railways. Annie died at Shepparton on 20 December 1919 and was buried in the local cemetery two days later, the same day the following brief obituary appeared in the Shepparton Advertiser: 'Mrs Frances Mary Lucas (wife of Mr Nathaniel Lucas) of Vaughan Street died on Saturday, aged 67, the cause of death being broncho-pneumonia. The deceased, who was born in Kent England, was held in great esteem by a large circle of friends. She leaves a family of three sons and four daughters'. Annie's death certificate states her parents were William and Jane Cheeseman (formerly Bass) and her children at the time of her death were: Annie Elizabeth (aged 47), Nathaniel Henry (43), Elizabeth Jane (41), Frances Amy (38), Mary Ann Olive (deceased), James Herbert (34) and Thomas Charles Alfred (deceased). The electoral rolls show Nathaniel continued to live at 60 Vaughan Street until his death on 18 July 1932 aged 87 years. His obituary, published in the Shepparton Advertiser on 21 July 1932, reads:

On Monday last at the Mooroopna Hospital the death occurred of Mr Nathaniel Lucas, 87 years, of Vaughan Street Shepparton. Deceased was well known locally and for many years was an employee of the Railway Department. Later, he carried on business as a caterer at district sports meetings. The funeral to Shepparton cemetery took place on Wednesday. The officiating clergyman was Rev Geo. Paul, of Shepparton Presbyterian Church, and Mr R. E. Long was the undertaker. His wife predeceased him in 1919, and he left two sons and two daughters. Mr Harry Nathaniel Lucas, of Shepparton, is a son.

What of their seven children? Annie and Nathaniels' youngest son, Thomas Charles Alfred Lucas (1889-1897), died at Numurkah in Victoria aged eight years. Their youngest daughter, Mary Ann Olive Lucas (1883-1910) died at Shepparton in 1910. We don't believe she married although there is evidence she may have had two boys: Alfred Henry (1904-4) and Nathaniel Harold Lucas (1909-64). As detailed below, their other five children all married and had children and grandchildren of their own:

1. Annie Elizabeth Lucas (1872-1953) was born at Sebastopol in Victoria and married her cousin, John Samuel Lucas (1869-1921), at Shepparton in 1896. Ancestry's index of Australian bdms and the 'Lucas/Gascoinge' family tree on Ancestry tell us John was also born at Sebastopol, the son of John Lucas (1836-1916) and Bridget McCullen/McCallum (1840-1881) who were married at Ballarat in 1862 and had eight children in addition to John. The Australian electoral rolls show that after their marriage John Samuel and Annie lived at Shepparton where John worked as a labourer and dealer. He died there in 1921 as a result of an altercation outside the Telegraph Hotel at Numurkah. The incident and its aftermath were reported in the Shepparton Advertiser on 10 October 1921 as follows:

Mr John Samuel Lucas, aged 52, the well-known merry-go-round proprietor, who lived with his wife and family at Benalla Road Shepparton died in the Maroopna Hospital last night. He was at the Cobram Show on Thursday and on Saturday with two companions, he proceeded to Numurkah to be present at a big football match. In the evening, it is stated, he was in front of the Telegraph Hotel when a dispute arose between him and a painter named Robert Parsons Ellis, aged 30. Ellis, it is stated, struck him; he fell backwards his head striking a projecting peg at the hotel cellar, the spike penetrating the base of the skull . . . Mrs. Lucas was telegraphed informing her of what had happened to her husband and she immediately left for Numurkah by motor.

Ellis was charged with manslaughter but was subsequently found not guilty by a jury after it had been instructed by the presiding judge that it would be difficult to convict the accused on the evidence given. John was buried in the Shepparton General Cemetery and the administration of his estate was granted to Annie on 1 November 1921. The electoral rolls show she continued to live at Shepparton until around the mid-1930s when she moved to Melbourne. Annie died in the Melbourne suburb of Cheltenham in 1953 and is buried with John at Shepparton. According to the 'Scammell-Lucas 2.2' and a number of other family trees on Ancestry, John and Annie had six children, one before and five after they were married. As detailed below, these provided their parents with 28 grandchildren and at least 43 great grandchildren we know of.

1. Charles Herbert Lucas (1891-1977) who married Mary Jane Wilson (1901-90), daughter of Alexander McGregor Wilson (1855-1917) and Sarah Anne (Annie) Gifford (1861-1941), at Warracknabeal in Victoria in 1920. They had seven children: 1) Dorothy Blanche (born in 1920) who married Alexander Scott (1917-85) and had one child; 2) Charles Herbert jnr (1922-45) who was killed in action at Tarakan in Borneo while serving with the 2/2nd Pioneer Battalion and is buried in the Lubuan War Cemetery in Malaysia; 3) Jean (born 1923), 4) Nancy (1926), 5) Vera Lucas and two others.

charles herbert lucas

12 Platoon, B Company 2/2 Pioneer Battalion on Morotai Island on 13 April 1945.
Corporal Charles Herbert Lucas is second from the left in the middle row (AWM 090598).

percy william lucas2. Percy William Lucas (1897-1968) - pictured on the left - was living at home and working as a labourer when his father was killed in the altercation outside the Telegraph Hotel at Numurkah. Percy was running his father's show-ground business when he married a divorcee, Ruth Mary Paterson nee Wilson (1893-1940), at St Brendan's Church in Shepparton on 5 November 1924 (Ruth is pictured below on the right). According to the 'Scammell-Lucas 2.2' family tree on Ancestry, Ruth was the younger of two daughters of Henry (Frank) Wilson (1866-1928) and Judith McGuiness (1862-1940) who were married in the inner-Melbourne suburb of Carlton in 1885. Ruth had been previously married to a Gallipoli veteran, James Henry Patterson (1884-1925), with whom she had two children: Cedric James and Lilian Ruth Patterson.

ruth mary wilsonThe 1927 election roll has Percy, described as a showman, and Ruth living on Lisborn Street in Shepparton with Percy's mother, Annie Elizabeth Lucas, and younger brother, John Andrew Lucas who was working as a blacksmith. At the time of the 1928 election, Percy and Ruth were running a fruit and vegetable shop on Belmont Street in Wodonga. Three years later Percy, his brother John and a John Ernest Hammond, were arrested for stealing from orchards around Shepparton enough oranges to fill 11 chaff bags. After pleading guilty to a lesser charge of receiving stolen goods, they were each sentenced to one month's imprisonment, which was probably served at Melbourne's Pentridge Gaol although that has not been confirmed. After his release from prison, it seems Percy and Mary lived in Melbourne until the late 1930s when they returned to Albury. A notice published in the Border Morning Mail on 31 May 1940 informs us that after 'a short Illness, Ruth Mary wife of Mr Percy William Lucas, of Mate Street, North Albury, died in the Albury District Hospital . . . at the age of 46 years. Beside her husband', the report added, 'the following children survive: Carmel, John, Pete and Syd all of Albury; also a sister, Lilian. (Mrs McCormack), of Euroa. Mrs. Lucas' funeral will leave St. Patrick's Church Albury, at 10 o'clock to-morrow morning for the Albury cemetery'.

The 1943 electoral roll has Percy working as a labourer and living at Mate Street in North Albury together with his mother Annie Elizabeth. At the time of the 1949 election he was living on Dean Street in Albury and again working as a fruiterer. Four years later, Percy married another divorcee, Annie Radford nee Hindson (1908-92), who had been born at Wakool near Deniliquin in southern NSW. The 1958 and 1963 election rolls have Percy, still a fruiterer, and Annnie at 542 Parkinson Street in Albury. Percy William Lucas died on 23 December 1968 and is buried in the Albury Pioneer Cemetery. As noted in Ruth's death notice described above, she and Percy had four children including: Carmel Mary Lucas (1926-2014) who married Reginald William Scammell (1923-85) at Albury in 1944 and had nine children; and Peter Charles Lucas (1934-1920).

belmore street shop

Along with the photos of Percy and Ruth Lucas shown above, this one of Percy, Ruth and their daughter Carmel Lucas
standing outside Parcy's shop on Belmore Street in Wodonga are all from the 'Scammell-Lucas 2.2' family tree on Ancestry.

3. John Andrew (Mick) Lucas (1904-66) was working as a blacksmith and living with his widowed mother and younger siblings on Lisborn Street in Shepparton when he and his older brother were arrested for illegally obtaining oranges to sell in the Percy's fruit shop. After serving his sentence in Melbourne, Mick returned to Shepparton where he opened a blacksmithing business on Fryers Street. On 23 May the following year he married a local girl, Ivy Mary Hocking (1913-2006). According to the 'Gove' and a number of other family trees on Ancestry, Ivy's parents were Edwin Hocking (1866-1928), a native of Truro in Cornwall, and Catherine Ann Wayman (1873-1924) who was born at Daylesford in Victoria. They were married at Shepparton in 1898 and had six children in addition to Ivy: Edwin Alfred Baden Powell (1900-68), who served in the Royal Australian Navy during the First World War, Thomas Henry Cyril (1902-76), Ambrose Simon (1904-64), John Osborne Grant (1905-83), Rosina Catherine Sarah (1908-74) and Charles Percival Hocking (born in 1915). A young Ivy and her family are pictured in the photo below. The Australian electoral rolls show the family lived on Vaughan Street in Shepparton until the 1920s so they would have known, and may have been neighbours of, Mick's grandparents. Edwin Hocking worked as a labourer and, in later years, the foreman at Quiggins' timber yard. He was also a member of the Salvation Army and a passionate and locquacious advocate of its various causes. Catherine Hocking's obituary published in the Shepparton Advertiser on 12 February 1924 informs us that, in contrast to her husband, 'was of a retiring disposition' but also 'held in very high esteem' by those who knew her.

In the mid-1930s, Mick and Ivy moved to Melbourne where some of Ivy's family lived. They were at South Melbourne when Mick enlisted in the Australian Army at Royal Park on 27 August 1942. The Department of Veterans Affairs' nominal roll tells us he was discharged on 9 February 1944 at which time he was serving as a private soldier with 1 AUST PACK COY. By then he and Ivy had moved to the outer Melbourne suburb of Boronia where Mick and his eldest son, Reginald John Lucas, ran a forge on Mount View Road. Another son, Leslie Charles Lucas, farmed land there. The Shepparton Advertiser tells us that, in January 1951, Mick and Ivy attended the Laffy-Courtney wedding in Shepparton where other guests included Mr and Mrs T. Hocking and sons of Berwick, Mr and Mrs A. Hocking and daughter of Fern Tree Gully, and Mrs J. Hocking of Cobram. The Southern Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust website informs us John Andrew Lucas died at Boronia on 11 May 1966 and was cremated at the Springvale Botanical Cemetery two days later. Ivy and her sons and their wives were still living on Main Road in Boronia in 1968 after which only the children were registered there. We think Ivy may have re-married have still to confirm it.

Mick and Ivy Lucas had three children we know of: 1) Reginald John Lucas (1934-2007) who married Doreen Ruth Barrow in Victoria in 1957. The Australian electoral rolls show Reginald, who worked as a farrier, and Doreen lived on Main View Road in Boronia until at least the early 1980s. The Ryerson Index shows he died at the Caritas Christi Hospice in the Melbourne suburb of Kew on 30 May 2007, aged 73 years. His tribute, published in the Melbourne Herald Sun on 1 June 2007 tells us he was 'the most loving husband to Doreen. Caring and devoted, a wonderful father to Jennifer, David and Greg. Father-in-law to Phil and Trish. Selfless and wise, a proud and caring grandfather to Stace, Josh, Michael, Bry, Luke, Chloe and Madison'. It adds he was also the 'Loved son of Mick (dec) and Ivy. Loved brother of Les and Pat and brother-in-law of Kim. Loved uncle of all his nieces and nephews [and] . . . Loved brother-in-law of Ron and loved uncle of Peter'. 2) Leslie Charles Lucas who married Margaret Kim Smith in Victoria in 1959 and had at least one child, a daughter, Vicki Michelle Lucas, who at the time of the 1980 election and was living with them at Boronia and working as a clerk; and 3) a daughter Pat Lucas.

hocking family

From the 'Gove Family Tree' on Ancestry, this photo is of Edwin and Catherine Ann Hocking nee Wayman
and their family in around 1916. From L/R: Edwin, Thomas, Alfred with Rose standing in front of him,
Jack with Ivy sitting in front of him, Ambrose and Catherine nursing Charles.

4. Reginald Roy Nathaniel Lucas (1911-87) was living at Shepparton and working as a bootmaker when he married Ivy Florence Trewin (1909-83) there in 1935. At the time Ivy was living at Shepparton with her parents, Albert Edward and Alice Trewin nee Durrant. According to the 'Edwards Family Tree' on Ancestry, Ivy was born at Numurkah, her father at Echuca and mother at Shepparton. Albert's grandfather, John Thomas Trewin (1819-91) came from Kilkhampton in Cornwall where he married Ann Martin (1820-78) in April 1841 before emigrating to Victoria later in the same year.

The Australian electoral rolls show Reg and Ivy lived on High Street in Shepparton before moving to Melbourne in the late 1930s. There they resided in the suburbs of Caulfield, Balwyn, Prahran and Carnegie before, in the mid-1960s, moving to Rochester in northern Victoria. Ivy died at Rochester in 1983 and Reg four years later. They are buried together in the Rochester cemetery, their gravestone informing us they were the loved parents of 'Barbara [and] Gloria and families'. According to the 'Scammel-Lucas2.2' family tree on Ancestry, Barbara was born at Shepparton in 1936, was married at Kew in Melbourne on 5 May 1956 and has three children. Although still to be confirmed, we think her husband was Kenneth Charles Adlam (1929-2020) who worked as an engineer. Gloria was said to have been born in Melbourne in 1938, was married there in 1971 and has two children.

5. The Victorian index of BDMs shows that Esther Emily Mary Lucas (1906-60) married Robert Leslie Wagland Kerr (1901-68) at Shepparton in Victoria in 1923. It further shows a Leslie Robert Wagland, son of Edith Maud Wagland and an unknown father, was born at South Melbourne in 1901. The following year Edith married George Wilson in Melbourne. Ancestry's index of births shows Edith was born at Melbourne's Emerald Hill in 1881, the daughter of Isaac Wagland and Mary Jane Jackson. According to the 'wagland family 21' tree on Ancestry, Isaac Wagland (1844-1926) and Mary Jane Jackson (1849-1929) were married in Melbourne in 1869 and had eight children there. Isaac, who was born at St George in Middlesex in England, was a marine engineer who in 1879 was working on the tug boat RESCUE which operated on Port Phillip Bay. Mary Jane was a native of Adelaide.

The Australian electoral rolls show Leslie Robert, labourer, and Esther Emily Mary Kerr living on Lisburn Street in Shepparton in 1928, in North Melbourne in 1931, on Munster Terrace in Newmarket in 1934, 1937 and 1943, and at 4 Brand Street in Hampton in 1949 (along with a John Leslie Kerr, driver) and 1954. The Greater Melbourne Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust website shows an Esther Emily M. Kerr was buried in the Fawkner Memorial Park Cemetery on 15 August 1960 (Garden Of Remembrance 3 Wall Niches, Section 6, Wall F, Niche 87). According to the Victoriann index of BDMs, Leslie Robert Kerr, aged 67 years and said to have been born at Shepparton, died at the Melbourne suburb of Heatherton in 1968 (the names of his parents were unknown). He was buried in the Fawkner Memorial Park Cemetery on 4 July 1968 (Garden Of Remembrance 3 Wall Niches, Section 6, Wall F, Niche 88). The 'Scammell-Lucas2.2' family tree tells us Esther and Leslie had five children: Norma Frances, John Leslie, Valma Elizabeth, Ronald Robert Kerr and one other.

5.1 Norma Frances (Betty) Kerr (1924-2000) married Wesley Thomas Rawnsley (1919-83) in 1943 and had one child. The DVA's WW2 nominal roll shows Wesley was born at Brunswick on 23 September 1919 and enlisted in the Australian Army at Melbourne on 31 January 1939. He was then living at North Melbourne and gave as NOK Rufus Rawnsley. He was said to have served as a gunner in the 10th Field Regiment. No discharge date was given. The Australian electoral rolls show Wesley and Norma lived all their married lives on Ludstone Street in the Melbourne suburb of Hampton where Wesley worked as a process worker (the 1967 and subsequent rolls have living with them a Terrence Clifford Rawnsley, lathe operator). The Victorian index of BDMs shows Wesley Thomas Rawnsley, the 62 year-old son of Rufus and Edie Rawnsley nee Love, died at Hampton in 1983. The Melbourne Southern Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust informs us that Norma Frances Rawnsley died on 3 March 2006 and was cremated at the Springvale Botanical Crematorium three days later.

5.2 John Leslie Kerr married Elizabeth Cole in 1948 and had two children. The Melbourne Herald Sun published the following tribute on 23 May 2016: 'KERR - John Leslie (Jack). Aged 89 Passed away peacefully on May 20, 2016 with his family by his side. Loved and loving husband of Elizabeth (dec) for 65 years. Beloved father of Susan and Russell and much loved father-in-law of Alan and Laura. Cherished Poppa of James and Katherine'. We have yet to confirm this is our John.

5.3 Valma Elizabeth (Sweetie) Kerr (1930-2010) who was born at Shepparton, married Edward James Roulent (1925-89) in 1949 and had three children. The DVA's WW2 nominal roll shows that Edward enlisted in the Australian Army at Royal Park on 21 July 1943. He was then living at Melbourne and gave as his NOK James Roulent. He was discharged on 29 November 1948 at which time he was serving as a private soldier with the 26th Infantry Battalion. The Australian electoral rolls show that at the time of his marriage to Valma, Edward was living at 288 Queensberry Street in the inner Melbourne suburb of Newmarket (a James Joseph and Ivy Anne Roulent were living at the same address). After their marriage Ted, who was working as a driver, and Valma lived with Valma's parents and later her widowed father at Hampton until at least 1980 (the later electoral rolls included a James Joseph, stores, Glenn Edward, process worker and Robyn Lesley Roulent, machinist). Melbourne's Southern Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust website shows that an Edward Albert Roulent died on 23 May 1989 and was cremated at the Springvale Botanical Crematorium three days later. According to the Ryerson Index, Valma Elizabeth (Val) (Sweetie) Roulent, aged 81 years, died at Melbourne on 25 June 2010. Her tribute, published in the Melbourne Herald Sun on 28 June 2010, tells us she was the 'Much loved wife of Edward (Ted) (dec), loved and devoted mother of Garry, Glenn and Robyn, cherished mother-in-law of Nola, Carolyn and Bruce. Adored Gran of Rachel and Deakan, Kristy and Matt, Bethany and Andrew, Verity and Mat, Ainslie, Melissa and Simon. Great Grandmother of Sally-Ann and Lachlan'. Val was also cremated at the Springavale Botanical Crematorium.

5.4 Ronald Robert Kerr (1931-72) who was born at Shepparton, married and had two children, and died at Kensington in Melbourne (the Victorian index of BDMs show Ronald's parents were Leslie Robert Wagland and Esther Emily Mary Lucas).

6. Annie and John's youngest daughter, Amy Doris Lucas (1913-2008) married James Ernest Hammond (1907-70) at Shepparton on 4 April 1930. Born at Echuca, James was the youngest son of Michael Samuel Hammond (1872-1939) and Ellen Briggs (1882-1971) who were married there in 1903. The year after his marriage to Ivy, James, together with two of his brothers-in-law, was involved in the great orange hoist that is described above and for which he received a one month's gaol sentence. Some time after that Ivy and James, who worked all his life as a labourer, moved to Melbourne where they lived at North Melbourne and later Port Melbourne where James died in 1970. Amy lived on until 2008, dying at Port Melbourne on 24 January of that year. A tribute to her posted in the Melbourne Herald Sun on 24 January 2009 by her daughter Ellen reads: 'HAMMOND - Amy Doris. Passed away Jan. 24, 2008. Loved Mum of Ellen, son-in-law Allan (Jake). Loved Nan of Kim, Gayle and Darren. Loved great-nan of Kareena, Hayley, Tamara, Monique and Chantelle'. Like James, Amy was cremated at the Springvale Botanical Cemetery. Both memorialised in the Westringia area of the cemetery (Wall T, Niche 29D) where their plaque tells us they were the dearly loved mother and father of Roma (dec), Ellen, Kevin, Douglas, Joan and Karen Hammond.

According to the 'Hammond Family Tree' on Ancestry, Roma Lesley Hammond (1930-80) married Kenneth John Alexander (1925-2004) in Victoria in 1952. His tribute in the Melbourne Herald Sun tells us Kenneth John (Dobbo) Alexander was the 'much loved son of Herbert Charles and Vera Margurite (both dec), brother of Valmar (dec), Honor (dec.), Herbert (dec), Jean, George (dec.), Alf and Richard (Tassie) (dec). Devoted husband of Roma (dec) and loving father and father-in-law of Barry and Kay, Wayne and Kerry, and Kerrie and Malcolm, loving Pa of Shannon, Cameron and Regan, Lachlan, Callum, Kyle and Lauren, Tenielle, Johnathon, Riley and Tristan'. Roma's sister, Ellen Elizabeth Hammond, who was born in around 1931, married Allan Albert Jacobsen in 1956 and, as mentioned above, had three children. Their brother, Douglas James Hammond, married Rosalie Margaret Hampson (1938-2011) in Victoria in 1959. Her tribute in the Herald Sun tells us Rosalie was the 'much loved and loving mother and mother-in-law of Sharyn and Peter, Colleen and Allan. Adored Gran of Sarah, Scott, Kathleen, Marc and Amber. Great Gran of Rubi'. Although still to be confirmed, we think Kevin William Hammond married Stella Patricia Withers in 1954 and had two children and Joan Mary Hammond, who was born in 1941, had three children.

2. Nathaniel Henry Lucas (1876-1937) was born at Carngham and married Louisa Jane Britton (1877-1929), the daughter of Robert Britton and Eliza Victoria Sivyer, at Mooroopna in Victoria in 1897. The Australian electoral rolls show that Nathaniel, who worked as a labourer, and Louisa Jane lived all their married lives in Shepparton where they had ten children: 1) Frances Jane Lucas (1898-1966) who married John Edward Frederick Kenny (1890-1967), the son of John Kenny and Phoebe Jane Francis, in South Melbourne in 1922. The electoral rolls show they lived at Shepparton until the mid-1930s when they moved to Melbourne; 2) Ivy May Lucas (1900-43) who married Frabk Herbert Crouch (1897-1953), son of henry William Crouch and Patience Louise Caudwell, and had at least three children; 3) Sarah Emily Lucas who, according to Peter McKay's Rootsweb site the 'Lucas Clan in Australia', married William Alexander Stewart Irving and had three children; 4) Nathaniel Robert John Lucas (1906-76); 5) Gladys Marjory Horkings nee Lucas; 6) Annie Olive Hughes nee Lucas (1910-71); 6) Thomas Henry Lucas (1912-78) who married Dorothy Hein Jones; 7) Linda Lucas who died in Shepparton as an infant; 8) Nellie Harcourt Lucas and Millie Hazel Lucas. Details of Nathaniel and Louisa's family can be seen on Bernadette Dowling's Rootsweb site 'Kenny/Dowling' (last updated 30 April 2006).

crouch family linda may crouch

From the 'Wilby Family Tree on Ancestry, the photo on the left shows Frank Herbert Crouch (1897-1953) - standing second from the right - and his
mother and brothers. The one on the right is of Frank and Ivy's daughter: Linda May Shand nee Crouch (1921-80)

3. Elizabeth Jane Lucas (1878-1947) married Gilbert Ernest Dean (1875-1961), the son of Richard Dean and Marion Emily Heale, in Victoria in 1903. According to the 'Dean family tree' on Ancestry, Richard Dean (1824-1906) was born at Barnet in Middlesex in England and died at Lockwood outside Bendigo in Victoria where he had a small vineyard. His wife, Maria Emily Heale (1839-1928) was a native of Bristol and died at Gundiah in Queensland. They were married in Victoria in 1856 and had ten children in addition to Gilbert: Maria Georgiana von Steiglitz (1857-88), Sarah Elizabeth Billman (born in 1859), Mary Hall (1861-1934), Richard John (1862-1916), Emily Jane (1866-90), Henry George (1869), Lucy Emma (1870-1931), William Charles (1873-1952), Alice Amelia Siemers (1878-1957) and Herbert Edward Dean (1882-1962).

The Australian electoral rolls indicate that Gilbert and Elizabeth lived at different times at Coburg in Melbourne and near Frankston on Victoria's Mornington peninsular where we believe Gilbert ran an orchard. Elizabeth died at Frankston on 27 October 1947. Her obituary, published in the Frankston Standard on 6 November 1947, tells us she died 'after several weeks of illness, was well known and respected in the district [and] leaves a husband and seven children, six of whom were at her funeral, the seventh being resident in Queensland. Rev J. T. Freeman conducted a service at the home and read the burial service at the graveside. There were many beautiful floral tributes'. An earlier death notice in the Melbourne Age tells us Elizabeth died at the Frankston Community Hospital and was 'of 10 The Avenue, Coburg'. It adds she was the 'dearly beloved wife of Gilbert Ernest, and loving mother of Hazel (Mrs Morris), Irene (Mrs Carter), Robert, Florence (Mrs Docwra), William, Herbert, Jack, Maud (Mrs Byrne) and Gilbert, aged 69 years' (29 October 1947). A subsequent notice in the same newspaper states the executor of Elizabeth's last will and testament was a William Patrick Byrne, builder of 223 Melville Road, Pascoe Vale South. It adds her son, Herbert Nathaniel Richard Dean, was then living at 119 Radley Street Woolston in Christchurch in New Zealand. The Australian electoral rolls show Gilbert continued to live on Cranbourne Road in Frankston after Elizabeth's death. According to the Victorian index of BDMs he died at Brunswick West in 1961. We have yet to determine where he and Elizabeth are buried. What of their children?

3.1 The 'Joan Morris family tree' on Ancestry tells us Elizabeth's eldest daughter, Hazel Lucas (father unknown) was born at Shepparton on 11 June 1896, married a local, Wilfred Oscar Morris (1897-1965), there in 1926 and had one child who is married and has four chlldren. Hazel died at Shepparton in 1983.

3.2 Born at Numurkah in Victoria, Irene Dowling Lucas Dean (1897-1954) married a First World War veteran, Frank Carter (1889-1927), in the Methodist Church of the outer Melbourne suburb of Frankston on 26 March 1919. A report of their 'khaki wedding', published in the Mornington Standard three days later, tells us:

The consenting parties were Corporal Frank Carter (Late of 24 Bat. A.I.F) son of Mr and Mrs Jos. Carter, North Wheatley near Retford, Notts, England. Miss Irene Dean, daughter of Mr and Mrs G. E. Deane, "The Grove," Kars Street, Frankston. The church was beautifully decorated by girlfriends of the bride. Rev E. Tonkin performed the ceremony. The bride, who was given away by her father, looked delightfully dainty and fairy-like in a white crepe-de-chine gown trimmed with pearls and sprays of orange blossom. A beautiful veil (loaned by a cousin, Mrs Bell, of Richmond) was also worn. Misses Smith and Maudie Dean, (sisters of bride) acted as bridesmaids . . . The bridegroom was supported by Private R. Dean, (late 24th Batt.) brother of the bride. A guard of honour consisting of 10 comrades also attended. A full choral service (with Miss Florrie Tonkin, organist) was rendered by the choir. After the ceremony a reception was held in the Mechanics' Institute, Mrs G. E. Dean suitably gowned in navy blue silk and carrying a pony of pansies received the guests. The tables were decorated red and white - Battalion colours of the bridegroom. About 50 guests took part in the festivity. Rev Tonkin proposed the health of the happy couple. After the usual toasts had been honoured, Capt [indecipherable], acting as representative of the R.S.S.I.L., presented the bridegroom with a roll of notes as a guarantee of the good will felt by his comrades . . . Many handsome presents were received by the happy couple . . . The evening was given over to dancing and music. The guests not leaving the hall until close on midnight.

franks ton wedding

From Melbourne's Table Talk newspaper, these photos are of Frank and Irene's 'khaki wedding' at
Frankston in 1919. As well as the bride and bridegroom, the bottom photo probably also
includes Irene's parents and three siblings.

As noted, Frank Carter was born at North Wheatley in Nottinghamshire in England in around 1889. The United Kingdom 1901 census shows the then 12 year-old Frank living there with his parents Joseph, a 39 year-old ward/wood foreman on an estate, and Lucy Ann Carter (35), and six siblings: George William (14), Frederick (10), Mary Ellen (7), Walter (5), Thomas (2) and Doris A. (1). In 1911 Frank was working as a horseman on a farm at Edlington near Doncaster in South Yorkshire. Ancestry's Assisted and Unassisted Passengers Lists show a Frank Carter (24) sailed on from Liverpool to Melbourne on the IRISHMAN in 1913. His military record in the Australian Archives tells us that Frank, than a farmer of Pearcedale on Victoria's Mornington Peninsular, enlisted in the First AIF at Melbourne on 8 May 1915. Allocated to the first reinforcements for the 24th Battalion, he sailed from Australia on 8 May and served at Gallipoli. On 10 January 1916 he and his colleagues embarked from Mudros destined for Marseilles and the BEF in France. Suffering from bronchitis, Frank spent much of the remainder of 1916 in hospital in France and later London. After undergoing training at Etaples, he rejoined his battalion on 9 January 1917, was wounded in action on 14 March and re-admitted to hospital suffering from shell shock. He rejoined his battalion on 18 June 1917, was promoted to Cpl on 25 September and undertook a course at the school of musketry at Tidworth in England where he became proficient in operating the Lewis machine gun. After rejoining his battalion on 15 April 1918 Frank was again wounded in action (a GSW to the left foot) and repatriated to England and thence to Australia on 23 September 1918. He was discharged from the Army on 21 February 1919.

The Australian electoral rolls show Frank Carter, a farmer, living on Station Road Langwarrin in Victoria and Irene Carter living at Frankston in 1919. They were both registered as living on Willow Avenue in Frankston in 1927 when Frank, who was still working as a farmer, died on 19 April. After Frank's deth, Irene moved back to Coburg where she was living with her parents at the time of the 1928 election. She is said to have married Franks's younger brother, Thomas Carter, the following year although we have found no record of their marriage in the relevant indexes. The electoral rolls indicate Irene and Thomas, who worked as a labourer, lived together on Dandenong Road in Frankston until Irenes's death in 1954. We have not yet determined with any certainty when and where Thomas Carter died nor do we know where Irene is buried. The 'Witherow Family Tree' an Ancestry tells us Irene and Thomas had at least two children: Walter, who was born in Melbourne in 1930 and died at Hobart, and Norma Carter (1931-85) who married William Strong (1922-86) in 1955. It also says Irene and Frank Carter had at least one child, a son, Wilfred (Bill) Frank Carter (1923-79) who married Dorothy Veronica Mc Mahon (1921-2005) and had seven children: Jean Veronica (1941-93) who married and had five children; William (Billy) Frank (1947-77); Leigh Elizabeth Carter (1956-91) and four others (one of whom married a Witherow and had two children).

3.3 Robert Dean (1899-1956). His military file in the Australian Archives tells us that 758A Robert Dean, a farrier aged 18 years who was born at North Carlton, enlisted in the First AIF at Melbourne on 21 April 1917. He gave as his NOK Gilbert E. Dean of Kars Street Frankston who, together with Robert's mother, Elizabeth Jane, provided written consent for 'our son Robert Dean to sail with the AIF when you are ready for him to sail and trust he will do his duty for the dear old flag and come safe home again to us'. Allocated to the 24th Battalion, Robert left Australia on the A60 HMAT AENEUS on the 30 October and disembarked at Devonport in England in December 1917. He proceeded to France from Dover on 1 April 1918, joined his battalion on 15 April and was wounded in action (a GSW to the left leg) four days later. After spending time in hospital at Woolwich and Dartford, Robert returned to his unit on 6 October 1918 only to fall ill and again be hospitalised in England (at Basingstoke and Harefield from where he was granted furlough on 27 December 1918). He returned to Australia on the hospital ship CITY OF YORK in December 1919 and was discharged from the Army on 14 March the same year. As mentioned above, six days later he served as best man at the wedding of his older sister Irene and an Englishman and 24 Battalion colleague Frank Carter.

In 1921 Robert married an English woman, Elizabeth Rebecca Hill (1895-1981), who we think was working as a laundress at Melbourne Girls Grammar School in South Yarra. Christened at Little Amwell in Hertfordshire in England on 29 July 1894, the then six year-old Elizabeth was living there at the time of the 1901 UK census along with her parents William (47 year-old carpenter born at Hoddesdon) and Mary Ann (45, Hertford) and six siblings: Minnie (25), George (15), James (14), John (12), Joseph (8) and Annie May Hill (4). She was living with her family at Church Place in Hertford Heath in 1911. The Australian electoral rolls show Robert, who worked as a striker and later a carpenter, and Elizabeth lived all their married lives at 3 Ennson Avenue in the inner-Melbourne suburb of Northcote (a Florence Eileen Dean, saleswoman, was living with them in 1949). The Victorian BDM index shows Robert died at Fitzroy in April 1966. He was cremated at the Fawlkner Memorial Park Cemetery and his ashes scattered in the memorial gardens there. Elizabeth was still at 3 Ennson Avenue in 1967/8. The 1972 roll has her registered at Morwell in Victoria’s Gippsland region where her daughter Hilma Wilson was living (see below). The Victorian BDM index shows Elizabeth Rebecca Dean, aged 85 years, born at 'Little Amerill' in England and the daughter of William Hill, died at Melbourne's Box Hill North in 1981. The Melbourne Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust website tells us she was buried in the Fawkner Memorial Park Cemetery (Merlynston Lawn, Row H, Grave 24) on 8 January 1981 and a Florence Eileen Ethel Halik (1925-2009) was buried with her on 18 September 2009.

Florence was the Florence Eileen Dean who was living with her parents in Northcote at the time of the 1949 election. The Victorian BDM index shows she married Charles Bernard Sigmond Halik in Victoria in 1950. A graduate of St Joseph's Christian Brothers College in North Melbourne and the University of Melbourne, Charles was working as a teacher and living with his parents at 89 Mooltan Street in Newmarket at the time of their marriage. His parents were Charles Pauer Halik (1891-1967), an engineer who came from Budapest in Hungary, and his wife Juliet who died in Melbourne in 1979. The Australian electoral rolls show Charles Sigmond, an engineer, and Florence were living at 5 Kinnord Street in Moonee Ponds in 1954. They seem to have either separated or divorced by the time of the 1963 election the roll for which has Florence still at Moonee Ponds while Charles Sigmond and an Eve Halik, medical practitioner, were living at Balwyn. Florence continued to live at 5 Kinnord Street until at least the early 1980s (a Stanton Charles Halik, student, was registered as living with her in 1972). According to the Ryerson Index Florence Eileen Ethel Halik, aged 84 years, died on 13 September 2009. Her tribute in the Melbourne Herald Sun reads: 'HALIK (nee Dean) - Florence Eileen Ethel 2.3.1925 - 13.9.2009. Loved mother of Ruth, Chris and Stanton. Devoted daughter of Elizabeth and Robert Dean (both dec). Dear sister to Phyllis, Hilma, Ernie (dec) and Millie (dec). Mother-in-law of Grazyna, Kaye and Keith. Longtime friend of Barbara. All the joys and sorrows of life were hers. And contentment. Rest In Peace'.

As Florence's tribute describes, she had three siblings: Hilma, Ernie and Millie Dean. The Victorian BMD index tells us Hilma Margaret Jean Halik married Kevin Albert Wilson in 1957. The Australian electoral rolls show Hilma and Kevin, a labourer and tractor driver, lived all their married lives in Gippsland, initially at Bruthen near Bairnsdale and then at Morwell. The Ryerson Index shows Kevin Albert Wilson, late of Morwell, died at LRH Traralgon, on 27 November 2002. His Tribute published in the Herald Sun, two days later, tells us he was the 'loving husband of Hilma. Loved and loving father and father-in-law of Ronald (dec), Michael and Sundra, Darryl and Sandra (USA). Loved Pa of Lizzie, Evan, Daniel, Cassandra and Dylan'.

herbert dean grave3.4 Herbert Nathaniel Richard Dean (1909-95). Born at Frankston, Herbert was living at Coburg with his parents and siblings and working as a mechanic at the time of the 1931, 1936 and 1937 elections. Some time after this he moved to New Zealand the WW2 1941 Ballot Lists for which show him living at 39 Chichester Street in Woolston in Christchurch and working as a carpenter. The New Zealand electoral rolls have him still at 36 Chichester Street in 1946 and 1949 although a notice regarding his mother's probate, published in in the Melbourne Age in December 1947, indicates Herbert had by then moved to 119 Radley Street in Woolston. The New Zealand electoral rolls do show him living at 119 Radley Street from 1954 until at least 1981. They also indicate he had retired by the time of the 1972 election. The Billion Graves website includes a tombstone, pictured on the right, which is located in Christchurch's Woodlawn Memorial Gardens Cemetery. It has inscribed on it: 'DEAN Herbert Nathaniel 1909-1995 Friend and companion of Sylv and Harry'.

hazel simms weddingg3.5 Also born at Frankston, Jack Ronald Oliver Dean (1910-81) married Hazel Mary Simms (1916-2004) in Melbourne in 1940. The photo on the right shows Hazel on her wedding day together with her younger sister and bridesmaid, May Simms (later Griggs). According to the 'Mum's Family' tree on Ancestry, Hazel was born at South Melbourne, the eldest daughter of Frederick Charles Simms (1877-1951) and Violet Evelyn Skinner (1887-1970) who were married in Melbourne in 1914 (the Victorian index of BDMs has Violet's surname as Bryce). Frederick Simms's death notice, published in the Melbourne Age on 19 November 1951, tells us he died at his residence on Edward Street in the Melbourne suburb of Fawkner and that he was 'the dearly beloved husband of Violet, and loved father of Dick, Hazel (Mrs. Dean). May (Mrs. Griggs, deceased), Fred and Marie (Mrs. Pollitt)'.

The Australian electoral rolls show Jack Ronald, labourer, and Hazel Mary Dean, textiler, living at 19 The Avenue Coburg, the Melbourne home of Jack's parents, in 1942 (also registered as living there were Jack's younger brother Gilbert James A. Dean, labourer, and his wife Hannah Hansen Dean). Jack and Hazel continued to live at The Avenue in Coburg until the mid-1970s when they moved to 102 South Street Glenroy (Jack was then working as a building contractor). Jack died at Glenroy the following year and was buried at the Fawkner Memorial Park Cemetery on 24 December 1980 (J Stansfield-Smith Gdns - Companion Roses, Garden Bed 13, Position 18). The Melbourne Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust website informs us that Hazel died on 30 July 2004 and was buried with Jack on 5 August. Her tribute, published in the Melbourne Herald Sun on 2 August 2004 reads: 'DEAN - Hazel Mary, passed away peacefully at home on July 31, 2004, aged 87 years young. Loved wife of Jack (dec), dearly loved mother of Marie and Denis, Kathleen and Wayne. Treasured Nan of Keryn and John, Darren and Kylie,Tracy, Brett and Wendy, adored great grandmother to Cassie, Christopher, Elyse, Emily, Patrick, Renae, Joel, Dylan and Riley'.

3.6 Gilbert James Aeneas Dean (1919-2003). Born at Frankston, Gilbert spent his younger years at the family home in Coburg. As reported in the Melbourne Age on 13 March 1933, when he was 14 years old Gilbert was admitted to the Melbourne Hospital suffering from concussion and fractures of the left arm and left leg. These injuries were incurred when he was knocked down by a motor car while selling newspapers on the corner of Sydney Road and 'The Grove' in nearby Moreland. He was living at Moreland and working as a labourer when he enlisted in the Australian Army at Coburg on 3 January 1940. Assigned to the 58th Battalion he was discharged from the Army, possibly because of the injuries he had earlier received, on 20 December 1941. The following year he married Hannah Hansen Rodgers (1921-2008) who was then living with her family in the Melbourne suburb of Carlton.

According to the 'Rodgers/Robinson Family Tree' on Ancestry, Hannah was born at Barcaldine near Longreach in central Queensland, the daughter of Harold Herbert Rodgers (1896-1975) and Cecilia Jane Toomey (1886-1955) who were married there on 30 August 1920. Harold was the youngest son of Galbraith Rodgers (1850-1922) and Hannah Hansen (1854-96) who were married in Queensland in 1872. His obituary published in Barcaldine's Western Champion on 14 October 1922, tells us Galbraith Rodgers was born at Port Fairy in Victoria and moved with his family to Rockhampton when he was around ten years old. There he was apprenticed to the printing business but 'not liking the trade he ran away, and worked for a few years on Tilpal and other stations. His next job was that of bullock driver, and after twelve months [he] secured a team on his own account, carrying from Rockhampton to the Springsure district. He subsequently removed to Clermont [where he] was engaged in carrying to and from the copper mine. When 22 years of age he married a Miss Hansen, a Brisbane native, and the young couple resided in Clermont for a few years before moving to Barcaldine'. The obituary adds the 'deceased left eight sons and three daughters to mourn their loss - Galbraith, Nathan, William, Andrew Philip, John Thomas, Ernest Bertram, James Moore (Stanthorpe), Allan Malcolm (NSW), and Harold Herbert, being the boys. The daughters are: Ann (Mrs J Mclnnis, Maud Elizabeth (Mrs W. Chapman), and Jane Francis Isabella, who is unmarried'.

The Australian electoral rolls show Gilbert James A, labourer, and Hannah Hansen Dean living with Gilbert's parents on The Avenue in Coburg in 1942. By the time of the 1949 election they had relocated to 25 Blair Street in Coburg. From 1954 until the early 1980s, they were registered as living at 20 Liberty Parade Ivanhoe (the later years showed a James Herbert, labourer, and Raymond Richard Dean, postman, also living there). The Ryerson Index informs us that a Gilbert James Dean, aged 84, died at the Woodleigh Nursing Home on 26 October 2003. His tribute, posted in the Melbourne Herald Sun on 28/9 October 2003, reads: 'DEAN - Gilbert James. Passed away Oct 26 2003. Life will not be the same without you. You'll always be in our hearts. Your loving wife Hannah, Pat and family, Jim, Ray and family, Jan (dec) and Zoe (great granddaughter)'. The Melbourne Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust website tells us Gilbert was buried in the Fawkner Memorial Park Cemetery (Roman Catholic T, Grave 4539) on 29 October. A Hannah Hansen Dean, who died on 1 August 2008, was buried there (New Lawn Area East, Section D, Row N, Grave 8) on 7 August 2008.

4. Frances Amy Lucas (1881-1964) married Walter Robert Paisley (1874-1949), the son of James Paisley and Margaret Casey in Victoria in 1901 probably at Shepparton although that has still to be confirmed. According to the 'Crofts Family Tree' on Ancestry, Walter was the son of a Scotsman, James Paisley (1827-1901), and an Irish woman, Margaret Davis nee Casey (1840-1920), who were married at Camperdown in Melbourne in 1865 and had nine children. Both James and Margaret died at Camperdown. The 1903 electoral roll shows Walter, who was working as a carter, and Frances Amy were then living on Welsford Street in Shepparton where, according to Ancestry's index of Australian births, they had two children: Olive Millicent 'Milley' Paisley in 1902 (Milley died in New Zealand in 1916) and Walter James Cardigan Paisley in 1903. They then moved to Melbourne where their second daughter, Frances Mabel Paisley, was born at Camperdown in 1905. Sometime after this the family left Australia for Christchurch in New Zealand where they had three further children: Nathaniel Keith (1908-9), Edward Henry (1912-48) and John Chester Paisley (1918-83).

The NZ electoral rolls show Walter, who was working as a stoker, and Frances Amy Paisley were at 59 Essex Street in the Christchurch suburb of Linwood at the time of the 1911 and 1914 elections. After this they lived in the Christchurch suburbs of Sydenham and Avon where Walter worked as a seaman and fireman. He died at Christchurch in 1949. Frances Amy Paisley nee Lucas died there in 1964. They are buried together in the Ashburton Public Cemetery (Area 275, Plot 21) on the outskirts of Christchurch. Buried in the same cemetery is their son Edward Henry Paisley who died on 22 June 1948 (see below). As noted above, we believe they had six children in all, two of whom - Olive Millicent (1902-16) and Nathaniel Keith (1908-9) - died young. As described below, the other four all grew to adulthood, married and had children of their own.

walter & lucy paisley grave4.1 Walter James (Watty) Cardigan Paisley (1902-80) married Lucy Mildred Brown (1906-2004) in New Zealand in 1927. Born at Waimate in Canterbury, we believe Lucy was the daughter of James George Brown (1867-1915) and Charlotte Elizabeth Newton (1874-1964) who were married there in 1898 and had ten children. The New Zealand electoral rolls show Walter, a motor driver, and Lucy were living in the Christchurch industrial suburb of Woolston at the time of the 1935 and 1942 elections. After spending time near Staveley they moved, in the late-1950s, to Ashburton where Walter died on 13 February 1980. Lucy lived on until May 2004 and is buried with Walter in the Ashburton Public Cemetery. We believe they had two children:

1) Edward Keith Paisley (1934-2017) who worked as a labourer and shearer and died on 24 March 2017. He is buried in the Ashburton Public Cemetery with his wife, Margaret Jean, who died on 7 May 2018, aged 84 years (the cemetery records show their plot in the New Lawn Area was purchased by a George Keith Paisley). The records further show that three of their children pre-deceased them and are also buried at Ashburton: Elizabeth Alice (1965-7), Joseph who was born and died on 19 April 1969, and David Jonathon (Blue) Paisley (1973-93).

2) Walter and Lucy's 'in memorium' notice for Walter's brother Edward - see below - indicates their second child was named Jim Paisley. This could be Kevin James Paisley (1946-97) who, with his wife Carol Ann (1947-97), are buried in the New Lawn area of the Ashburton Cemetery and whose headstone informs us they were 'Dearly loved by Brooke and Ben'. Or it could be Walter John Paisley, a retired 66 year-old freezer worker, who died on 3 February 1995 and, together with his wife Hilda Joan (1932-2001), is buried in the New Lawn area of the Ashburton Cemetery. Their gravestone tells us they were the 'parents of Jocelyn, Shona, Marilyn, Cheryl and Dianne'.

2. The New Zealand online marriage index shows a Mabel Frances Paisley married Arthur Raymond Clark in New Zealand in 1926. According to the 'Hefferan O'Brien' and a number of other family trees on Ancestry, Arthur was the youngest son of Isaac Jacob Clark (1854-1927), a native of West Hythe in Kent, and Julia Jane Downing (1856-1920) who was born at Flitton in Bedfordshire. They were married at Christchurch in 1879 and had seven children in addition to Arthur. His First World War record tells us 7/2244 Arthur Raymond Clark was born at Christchurch on 19 September 1895 and enlisted in the NZ Army on 21 November 1917. The file adds he was then a labourer by trade, had earlier served with the Canterbury Mounted Rifles and gave as his NOK his mother Julia Clark of 123 Harper Street in the Christchurch suburb of Sydenham. The New Zealand electoral rolls show Arthur Raymond, a labourer, and Norman Clark, brushmaker, living at 123 Harper Street in Sydenham in 1919. They further show Arthur Raymond and Mabel Frances Clark at 61 Sherbourne Street in Christchurch North in 1928. Mabel, married, was registered at 22 Stamsore Road, Avon Christchurch Central in 1935. Both were at 22 Stamsore Road in 1946. They seem to have separated sometime after this. We have not yet been able to determine Mabel's subsequent whereabouts with any certainty. The 'Find a Grave' website informs us an Arthur Raymond Clark, who died on 20 October 1962, is buried in the Ruru Lawn Cemetery in Christchurch (Block 1C. Plot 152SEC). His cemetery record tells us he was 67 years old and a retired council labourer.

3. John Chester (Jack) Paisley (1918-83). The New Zealand WWII Nominal Rolls show 16771 Pte John Chester Paisley, a polish maker, of 1 Cumberland Street, Richmond in Christchurch, was part of the NZ Army infantry reinforcements. His NOK was said to be his wife, Mrs W. M. Paisley, of the same address. Jack's online record in the New Zealand War Memorial tells us he embarked from Christchurch with the 2nd NZ Expeditionary Force in 1941 and was a POW at Salonika in Greece and then the VIII-B POW camp in Lansdorf in Germany. The W. M. Paisley cited was probably Waverley Mary Paisley nee Boyce (1922-88) against who Jack, or John Adolphus Chester Paisley as he was then calling himself, submitted a decree for the restitution of his conjugal rights to the New Zealand Supreme court in November 1945. His demand not being met, Jack successfully filed for divorce in February the following year. Newspaper reports of the latter petition, aspects of which were said to be farcical by the presiding judge, indicated Jack and Waverley had one child.

The 1946 electoral roll shows Jack, a car painter, living at 5 Kerr Street in Ashburton with his younger brother, Edward Henry Paisley, also a motor painter, and Edward's wife, Iris Pearl (Edward died at Ashburton the following year - see below). The same roll has a Waverley Mary Paisley, married woman, living at 104 Marshall Street in Lyttelton (by the time of the 1949 election, Waverley had re-married, to a Fritz Raymond Baldwin). According to the 'Peanut Butter' family tree on Ancestry, on 9 August 1946 Jack married Lesley Eileen Sloane (1929-2017) at Christchurch's registration office. The barely seventeen year-old Lesley was born at Darfield in the Selwyn district of Canterbury, the youngest daughter of Leslie James Sloane (1899-1980) and Martha McClean Bell (1899-1973) who were married in Christchurch in 1923. The 1949 electoral roll has Jack still registered as living at 5 Kerr Street along with his widowed sister-in-law Irene. The 1954 roll shows Jack and Lesley at 19 Clark Street in Ashburton along with Jack's mother, Frances Amy Paisley. Only Jack was registered at 19 Clark Street in 1957. Lesley Paisley, a married woman, was living at Blenheim before moving to Invercargill sometime before 1963 (she was still there in 1969). Jack doesn't appear on the 1963 roll, but a notice in the New Zealand Gazette indicates he was probably living in Christchurch where he was declared bankrupt on 27 June 1966.

His bankruptcy may have spurred Jack to leave New Zealand and travel to Australia where, at the time of the 1972 election, he and an Alice M. Paisley, a printer's assistant, were living at 548 Queensberry Street in North Melbourne. Jack and an Alice Maude Paisley were at Alphington in Melbourne in 1980. Ancestry's Australian death index shows a John Chester Paisley, born in around 1919 and son of Walter and Frances, died in the Melbourne suburb of Prahran in 1983. The Southern Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust website tells us he was cremated at the Springvale Botanical Cemetery on 22 June 1983. We know that Jack had a child with his first wife, Waverley, but don't know who the child was. According to the 'Peanut Butter' family tree, he and his second wife, Lesley, had no less than six children: Kevin James Paisley (1946-97) who was said to have married Carol Ann Martin (1947-97) at Dubai in 1980 and had two children; Angela Jane Paisley (1957-2008) who married and had three children; and four others. Although still to be confirmed, one of the others could be Clyde Newell Paisley who was living at 49 Hartley Avenue in the Christchurch suburb of Papanui in 1969 and, like Jack, later moved to Melbourne. The Australian electoral rolls show Clyde, who was working as a taxi driver, and a Jennifer Anne Paisley at 10/382 Toorak Road in South Yarra in 1977 and 21 Loughan Road Ringwood in 1980 (Clyde was then a driver).

edmund frederick crofts4. Edward Henry (Ted) Paisley (1912-48). A report in The Press on 22 October 1934 tells us that Ted, who was then living on Cumberland Street in the Christchurch suburb of Richmond, was injured when his motor cycle collided with a truck. Two years later he married Australian-born Iris Pearl Wood (1914-86) at Christchurch. According to the 'Wood Family Tree' on Ancestry Iris was the daughter of a Londoner, George Wood (1889-1981), and Ruby Violet Lambert (1891-1968) who were married at Granville in Sydney in 1913 and had five children. The NZ WW2 nominal rolls shows Ted, who was a welder by trade, and Iris living at 52 Kilmore Street in Christchurch in 1942 and 1945. Ted served as a private soldier in the New Zealand Army Ordnance Corps. The New Zealand electoral roll for 1946 has Ted, a motor painter, and Iris living at 5 Kerr Street in Ashburton along with Ted's older brother, John Chester (Jack) Paisley. On 22 June 1948, Ted, aged 36, died at Ashburton from injuries sustained as a passenger in a delivery van that accidently collided with a stationary truck. Ted was buried in a 'soldier's grave' in the Ashburton Cemetery on 24 June 1948. Memoriam notices were placed in the 22 June 1949 edition of the Ashburton Guardian by Iris and her and Ted's three children: Joan, John and Dianne Paisley; Ted's brother and sister-in-law Watty and Lucy and their sons, Jim and Ted Paisley; and Ted's 'brother and pal' Jack Paisley and his family. Three years on, Iris married Keith Fitzsimmons (1920-95). The electoral rolls show they lived at Christchurch and then at Rotarua in the New Zealands Bay of Plenty where Iris died in 1986. She and Keith had no children. The 'Crofts Family Tree' on Ancestry tells us one of Ted and Iris' daughters married Edmund Frederick Crofts (1939-2018) who was born at Tuahiwi, Waimakariri in Canterbury and died in Melbourne. Edmund was the son of two New Zealanders, Edward Teoreorehua Crofts (1906-45), and Metapere Ngawini Barrett (1908-77) who were married in 1929 and had eight children. Edmund is pictured on the right with his wife, either Joan or Dianne Paisley.

5. James Herbert Lucas (1885-1950) married Melbourne-born Kathleen O'Connor (1886-1972) in 1906 probably in Melbourne although that has still to be confirmed. The Australian electoral rolls show James Herbert, a fireman, and Kathleen lived at North Melbourne until some time after 1924 when they moved to 26 Wattle Grove in the nearby suburb of Coburg. James died in 1950 and Kathleen continued to live at Coburg until her death in 1972. Her death notice published in the Melbourne Herald Sun reads: 'LUCAS - On February 21, Kathleen. beloved wife of the late James Lucas, loved mother of Margaret (deceased), Jim, Harold, Kathleen and Olive (Mrs Bailey), mother-in-law of Mavis, Dell, Laurie and Harry, beloved grandma of Beverley, Jamie, John, Arlene and Gregory, loved sister of Peg (England)'. As noted, she and James had five children. We know their second daughter, Kathleen Lucas (1913-81), died at Preston and is buried in the Fawkner Memorial Park Cemetery (Merlynston Lawn, Row F, Grave 59) with her younger sister Olive, but nothing else about her life. We have discovered a little more about their other four children who, as detailed below, provided their beloved parents with five grandchildren and at least ten great grandchildren we know of:

5.1 Margaret Mary Frances (Marge) Lucas (1908-37). Born at Moroopna in Victoria, Marge was living with her parents in the inner Melbourne suburb of Coburg when she married John Lorimer Gartlan (1904-85) there in 1933. John was the son of John Francis Gartlan (1874-1952) and Ellen Priscilla Hogg (1873-1960) who were married at South Melbourne in 1903 and had three children in addition to John: Clement Peter (1907-87), Constance Marie and Veronica Frances Gartlan (1911-78). According to the 'James & Gartlan Family Tree' on Ancestry, John Francis Gartlan was born at Warrnambool in Victoria, the 10th child of Patrick Gartlan (1825-91) and Catherine Doherty (1836-1900) who were married in County Armagh in Ireland in 1855 and emigrated the following year to Belfast (later Port Fairy) in Victoria. Ellen Priscilla Hogg was born at Inverell in NSW. Her grandfather, James Hogg (1808-65), came from Roxburghshire in Scotland and emigrated to Australia with his wife, Martha, and their two eldest children in 1838. They came on the sailing ship SUSAN, which arrived at Port Jackson on 10 March 1839, and lived in the Goulburn region of NSW before moving to Victoria in around 1848.

The 1936 electoral roll shows Marge and John, who worked all his life as a house painter, living at 23 Marion Street in Brunswick West. As the following death notices tells us, Marge died the following year: 'GARTLAN - On the 8th February 1937, Magaret Mary, beloved wife of John Lorimer Gartlan, of 23 Marion Avenue, West Brunswick, and loving mother of John, loved eldest daughter of James Herbert and Kathleen Lucas (of Coburg), aged 28 years', and 'GARTLAN - On the 8th February at St Vincent's Hospital, Margaret Mary, dearly beloved daughter of Mr and Mrs J. H. Lucas, and loved sister of James, Harold, Kathleen and Olive' (Melbourne Argus, 9 February 1937). She was buried in the Fawkner Memorial Park Cemetery on 10 February 1937 (Roman Catholic Compartment H, Grave 676). After Marge's death, John and their young son, who had been born at the Jessie McPherson Hospital in 1934, went to live with John snr's parents and his two sisters on Sydney Road in Brunswick. He was still there at the time of the 1963 election, the roll for which also shows a John Lorimer, engineer, and Patricia Lilian Gartlan living at 6 Heather Street in Balwyn. The 1972 roll has John Lorimer Gartlan snr, retired, living in Cairns in northern Queensland with his son John Lorimer jnr, who was working as a marine surveyor, and daughter-in-law Patricia. By the time of the 1980 election, they were all back in Melbourne and living at Box Hill along with a Peter John Gartlan, a clerk. The Melbourne Greater Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust website tells us John Lorimer Gartlan (snr) died on 29 July 1985 and is buried in the Roman Catholic section (Grave 235) of the Fawkner Memorial Park Cemetery.

5.2 James William Nathaniel Lucas (1909-98) married Mavis Maude Elizabeth Doughty (1911-97) in Melbourne in 1935. A brief report of their marriage in the 26 December 1935 edition of Table Talk tells us Mavis was the only daughter of Mr and Mrs L. 0. Doughty and the wedding took place at St Augustine's Church of England. Mavis' parents were Leslie Ormonde Doughty (1889-1969) and Maude Thomas (1898-1950) who were married in Sydney in NSW in 1911. The Australian electoral rolls show Leslie Ormond, a clerk, and Maud Doughty living on Fitzroy Street in Newtown in Sydney in 1913 (along with a William Leslie Doughty, engineer). By the time of the 1922 election, Leslie, now a cooper, and Maude were living at 170 Neill Street in the inner-Melbourne suburb of Carlton. They were living on Royal Parade in Coburg in 1934, 1936 and 1949 (along with another Leslie William Doughty, clerk). Maude died the following year and was buried in the Melbourne General Cemetery (C of E Section, Grave 22). The inscription on her grave reads: 'In loving memory of Sarah Maude beloved wife of Leslie Ormonde DOUGHTY & devoted mother of Mavis & Leslie, died 2 Jul 1950 age 58 yrs'. Ancestry's Australian Deaths Index tells us Leslie Ormond Doughty, aged 80, died at Essendon in 1969. His father was said to be J Theophilus Doughty and his mother Lauretta Smythe. He died on 20 June 1969 and was buried with Maude in the Melbourne General Cemetery.

Ancestry's London Banns and Marriages records show a Theophilus Doughty, a 23 year-old brick and tile manufacturer and son of John Doughty, married Laurette Smythe, the 19 year-old daughter of William Nottingham Smythe, grocer, at St Pancras parish church in Middlesex on 20 March 1879. We believe Theo was born at Broseley in Shropshire. His death notice published in the Sydney Morning Herald tells us Theophilus (Theo) Doherty died in Sydney on 12 August 1925. It adds he was the 'beloved grandpa of Mavis and Leslie. Inserted by his loving son and daughter-in-law Leslie and Maude, Melbourne, Victoria'. Other notices in the paper indicate Theo's wife was Loretta Doughty and she and Theo had a daughter, Ethel Leighton, and two sons in addition to Leslie: William and Aubrey Doughty. William was probably the William Leslie Doughty who was living with Leslie Ormond and Maude at Newtown in Sydney in 1913. Aubrey was Aubrey Cyril Doughty (1891-1962) who was born in Sydney and was working as a motor mechanic when he (re)enlisted in the First AIF on 23 February 1917. He had previously served 12 years in the 'imperial navy' and with the 3rd Australian Infantry Battalion at Gallipoli before he was returned to Australia and discharged as medically unfit in November 1915. His NOK was his wife Lola Doughty of Harriot Street Neutral Bay (the NSW Marriages Index shows that an Aubrey Doughty married Lalla Stone in the Petersham RD of Sydney in 1914).

The DVA's WW2 nominal roll shows James William Nathaniel (Jim) Lucas, born at Shepparton on 25 April 1909, enlisted in the Australian Army at Caulfield on 11 December 1941. He was then living in the Melbourne suburb of Pascoe Vale with his wife and nominated NOK Mavis Lucas. He was discharged on 13 March 1946 at which time he was a Captain in the 2/45th Australian Transport Platoon. The Australian electoral rolls show that, after the war, Jim and Mavis continued to live at Pascoe Vale until the early 1970s (registered with them during this time were a Beverley Margaret Lucas, clerk, and James O. Lucas, student). They then moved to Strathmore where James died on 11 September 1988 and was buried in the Fawkner Memorial Park Cemetery. His obituary, published in the Melbourne Herald Sun on 23 September 1998, provides us with a nice summation of his life as follows:

big jim lucasJim Lucas - pictured on the left - rose from the position of stock boy at Myer to become a director of the company he helped to build. Known as 'Big Jim', he was respected as a considerate administrator whose door was always open to staff. Born in Shepparton, he was the second child of James Herbert and Kathleen Lucas. He was a fourth generation Australian whose ancestors Nathaniel Lucas and Olivia Gascoine came to Australia in 1788. The family moved to Melbourne and he started work as a stock boy at Myer when he was 15. His job didn't impress his future father-in-law at first, but with his usual charm Mr Lucas won him over and married Mavis Doughty in 1935. Their daughter Beverley was born two years later. In 1941 he joined the AIF, serving with the 2/218 Australian General Transport. He was promoted to captain and spent three years in the Northern Territory with overland convoys, followed by a year in Borneo serving at Tarakan and Balikpapan. At the end of the war he returned to Myer as manager of cosmetics at the Bourke Street store and in 1949 Jamie was born. Mr Lucas became associate director at Myer in 1960 and soon achieved the position of director - something he had never imagined possible when he started there as a teenager. A leader in his parish, St Aiden's in Strathmore, he instigated the building project for a parish church and often helped young parishioners find Christmas jobs at Myer. He was a premiership captain and coach with the Myer football team and represented his state in the Victorian Amateur competition. A long-time Strathmore resident, he was heavily involved in community activites . . . was a Master of the Strathmore Lodge and [was long] associated with Strathmore Bowling Club.

According to the Melbourne Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust website Mavis Maude Elizabeth Lucas nee Doughty died on 2 October 1997 and is also buried in the Fawkner Memorial Park Cemetery. As noted earler, she and Jim had two children: 1) Beverley Margaret Lucas (1937-2014). The 15 year-old Beverley was one of three bridesmaids for Kathleen Elsie Evans who married Beverley's uncle, Lesley William Doughty, at the Holy Trinity Church in the Melbourne suburb of Coburg on 10 December 1952. Working as a clerk and later a sales representative, Beverley was living at South Yarra in Melbourne in the 1980s. She died on 1 June 2014, her tribute, published in the Melbourne Herald Sun on 3 June 2014, reads: 'LUCAS Beverley Margaret. Passed away suddenly on June 1, 2014. Aged 77 years. Beloved daughter of Mavis and Jim (both dec). Dearly loved sister of Jamie and sister-in-law of Isobel. Loved aunt of Alistair, Jasmine, Anna, Alex, Cynthia and Kingsley'. 2) Beverley's younger brother, Dr James Ormonde (Jamie) Lucas is a Melbourne-based dentist who in 2019 was awarded an OAM for significant service to paediatric dentistry, and professional organisations. As noted above, he and his wife Isobel Clark Lucas have six children to carry on the Lucas-Cheeseman line.

5.3 Harold Nathaniel Lucas (1912-84) married Alma Adelle Mooney (1911-75) in Melbourne in 1936. Harold and Alma were both living in the Melbourne suburb of Coburg, Harold, who was working as an operative, with his parents at 26 Wattle Grove and Alma, a clothing maker, at 2 Churchill Street with her father, a municipal worker, and younger brother. Born in nearby Brunswick, Alma's parents were John Mooney and Alma Roach who were married in 1908 probably in Melbourne although that has still to be confirmed. The DVA's WW2 nominal roll shows Harold Lucas, born at North Melbourne on 26 November 1911, enlisted in the Australian Army at Windsor on 27 April 1943. He was then living at West Coburg and gave as his NOK his wife Alma. He was discharged on 7 January 1946 at which time he was a Sergeant in 13 DTN BKS. The Australian electoral rolls show that after the war Harold and Alma continued to live at Coburg where Harold was employed as a textile worker. The Victorian index of BDMs informs us Alma died at Coburg West in 1975 aged 64 years. According to the Melbourne Metropolitam Cemeteries Trust website, Harold died on 16 May 1984 and was buried with Alma in the Roman Catholic section of the Fawkner Memorial Park Cemetery. We don't think they had any children.

5.4 Olive Lucas (1916-2009). Olive was living at her parental home in Coburg West and working as a 'warpur' when she enlisted in the Australian Army at LHQ Victoria on 5 September 1942. As a member of the Australian Womens Army Service (AWAS), she served in the Australian Chemical Warfare Research & Experimental Section (later re-designated the 1st Field Trials Company) which had been formed in New South Wales in September 1942 and was relocated to Innisfail in far north Queensland in December 1943. There it conducted research into the effects of mustard gas and other chemical warfare agents on soldiers operating in tropical environments. Olive, or 'Lukie' as she was called by her colleagues, was initially responsible for maintaining the clinical records of the soldiers undergoing trials. She was later involved in gas sampling in the test areas, but after being affected by her exposure to mustard gas, was re-trained to work in the photography section of the unit (see the photos below). The unit was disbanded in May 1944 and the members of AWAS and the Australian Army Medical Womens Service (AAMWS) sent back to Melbourne.

Sergeant Olive Lucas was discharged from the AWAS on 3 December 1945 and went back to live with her parents in Coburg. In 1954, Olive married Joseph Henry Bailey (1915-87) the son of Ernest Joseph and Mary Ann Bailey. After their marriage Olive and Joseph lived at 18 Dunkald Street in the Melbourne suburb of Sunshine where Joseph worked as a printer. They seem to have separated sometime after 1972, the 1977 and 1980 election rolls showing only Olive living at Dunkald Street (along with an Arlene Cathrine Anne, clerk, and Gregory Ernest Henry Bailey, apprentice). The electoral rolls show a Joseph Henry Bailey was living at Kew over this period. Ancestry's Australia and New Zealand Find a Grave index tells us Joseph Henry Bailey, born in 1916, died on 3 August 1987 and was buried in the Boroondara General Cemetery at Kew. The Greater Melbourne Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust website tells us Olive Bailey, born on 12 November 1916, died on 12 October 2009 and was buried with her younger sister, Kathleen, in the Fawkner Memorial Park Cemetery (Merlynston Lawn, Row F, Grave 59). A tribute to her, published in the Melbourne Herald Sun on 17 October 2009, reads: 'BAILEY - Olive. Passed away peacefully on Oct. 12, 2009, aged 92 years. In loving memory of a wonderful mother to Arlene and Greg, mother-in-law of Jill. Caring Grandma to Aysha, Sam and Ben. Rest in peace Sgt Lucas. Forever in our hearts'.

olive lucas lolive lucas
olive lucas

From the Australian War Memorial, these three photos are of Olive Lucas during her time with the Australian
Chemical Warfare Research & Experimental Section at Innisfail in Northern Queensland:
as a unit photographer, while collecting trial results in the field and with her AWAS and
AAMWS colleagues (Olive is the last on the right in the front row).


Return to Benjamin Cheeseman and Jane Bass in Australia

Go to First Families Home Page

Go to First Families Index