2. Rebecca Smith nee Hickmott
(last updated 16 September 2021)
Rebecca Hickmott was born in the Adelaide Hills (probably near Meadows) in April 1851. When she was around three years old, the family sailed from Adelaide to Melbourne and then moved to Clunes in central Victoria where she grew up.
She married a Cornishman Joseph Colmer Smith (1832-1926) at the home of her brother-in-law, Richard Mitchell, at Clunes on 25 August 1869. Their wedding certificate shows that Rebecca was a 20 year-old spinster and Joseph a 33 year-old bachelor storekeeper from Waubra (then known as 'The Springs'). They were married by the Wesleyan Minister, John Newton, and the ceremony was witnessed by Rebecca's father, Henry Hickmott, and Richard Mitchell.
According to one of Rebecca and Joseph's descendants, Lynton Smith from Swan Hill, Joseph was the second son of Thomas Colmer and Jane Smith (nee Rowett) from St Austell in Cornwall. In 1849 Thomas and Jane and their five children emigrated to Australia on the GENERAL PALMER. The family disembarked at Adelaide and spent three years at Burra in South Australia where Thomas and Jane had a further son, James Rowett, who was born at Burra in 1850 (James married Elizabeth Cook in 1874 in Ballarat and died at Learmonth in Victoria in 1885). In around 1852 the family moved to Waubra in Victoria where Thomas senior was a shopkeeper (Waubra is located some 20km from Clunes). Thomas died and was buried at 'The Springs' on 7 October 1874. His wife Jane died at Ballarat in 1890 and is buried at Coghill's Creek.
The above picture on the right is of Joseph's sister Selina Harrison nee Smith and her husband Christopher, taken at their Willowdale property at Waubra (click on the picture to see a further, earlier, photo of Selina sent to us by Kathryn Jones-Lucas). Information about Christopher and Selina and their family can be viewed on Kathryn's 'Harrison Family Tree' on Ancestry.com, and on Tania King's Harrison Family of Waubra website.
After their marriage Joseph and Rebecca lived initially at Waubra before moving, in the late 1870s to Bungeeluke North and then Lalbert in the northern Wimmera district. Derived from an aboriginal name for the creeper that grew on the mallee trees in the area, Lalbert was probably named by Major Mitchell during his trek through the area in 1836. The first white people to move into the area were the Ham brothers who took out a pastoral lease for land there in 1846. The 1865 Land Act opened up the district to settlers who were able to take out leases for 320-acre holdings and pay these off at low rates (provided they lived on and gradually improved the land). Jan and Janine Power's book, Lalbert Reflections, says that Joseph and Rebecca Smith were among the first four families to settle in the area, the others being the Ingrams, Meehans and the Tampions. As such they played an important role in the early development of the local community. According to one source, Joseph initially sold chaff to travellers and others in the district. Another (one of the couple's granddaughters, a Florence Groat from Nyah) remembered that:
Rebecca acted as a mid-wife, delivering several babies in the Lalbert district [and] also helped neighbouring women in cases of illness or other emergencies. She also started Picnic and Sports days held on Boxing day at Lalbert Lake to enable people to get together. Horse racing was held on Joseph's property. Joseph took his wagon to Wycheproof to pick up supplies of food, etc. Possibly he brought back loading for other people as well.
The materials carted by Joseph (pictured on the right) were not restricted to chaff and supplies. The 12 October 1887 edition of the East Charlton Tribune reported that a 'Mr Joseph Smith of L'Albert has left at our office a sample of the Lake Kunat Kunat salt. The salt which is easily gathered, is apparently of excellent quality, and can be sold at much cheaper rates than the imported article...Mr Hickmott of this town will receive regular supplies of the Kunat Kunat salt from Mr Smith, and will always keep a good stock on hand'.
Together with his brother-in-law Henry Edward Hickmott, who by then had also moved to Lalbert, Joseph joined other town leaders in pressing the Victorian Department of Education to open a school in the area. Lalbert State School 2990 was subsequently opened in 1889 and six of its inaugural class of fifteen were children of Joseph and Rebecca. The 1903 and 1909 electoral rolls show Joseph, a farmer, and Rebecca Smith still at Lalbert. Also registered there in 1903 were John Albert and Joseph Robert Smith, both farmers. In 1909 the roll included Ernest, Richard Colmer and Thomas Henry Smith, farmers, and Rose and Tryphenia Kate Smith (Thomas' first wife - see below).
Sometime between 1909 and 1913 Joseph and Rebecca sold their farm at Lalbert and purchased another, which they named 'Green Hills', at Bolinda near Romsey in central Victoria. According to James Margetts, who sent it to us, the photo above of Rebecca standing behind the ornate chair was taken at Bolinda. Rebecca had written on the back of it: 'Green Hills. Bolinda Feb 12 1913. Dear Mr and Mrs Margretts [sic], with love to yourselves and baby. Hoping this finds you well. From your very sincere friend, Rebecca Smith'. James added that Rebecca 'was writing to my great grandparents, Frank and Rhoda Margetts, and the baby she is referring to is Frank James Margetts, who is my grandfather'.
Rebecca Smith nee Hickmott (pictured on the left with her youngest daughter Mary Lilian) died at the home of her daughter Selina Gamble (nee Smith) at 9 Walker Street in Northcote in Melbourne on 13 March 1914. Her death certificate, which was informed by her son-in-law John Charles Gamble, states she was 63 years old and had died of pneumonia following nine weeks of illness. Her obituary, published in the Quambatook Times on 18 March and the Ultima and Chillingollah Star on 20 March, provided their readers with the details, just described, of Rebecca's death and a summary of her and Joseph's life at Waubra and Lalbert. Over this time, it added, Rebecca 'faced the struggles and misfortunes such as pioneers can only relate, . . .[both] bravely and determinedly. . . [she] was eagerly sought after by those in time of sickness and in need of kindly and untiring aid . . . no-matter when or where, she was never known to fail in her unremitting attention - a pleasing and marked phase in her character best known by those who came in contact with her and which was publicly shown when she left Lalbert. Ever ready to extend the hand of true friendship, foremost in the cause of charity and even at the bedside of the afflicted. a Godly woman, a true wife and loving mother such as can ill be spared and will be deeply mourned'. Although her normal address at the time was Green Hills, Rebecca was buried at the Burwood cemetery on 14 March 1914 where the pall bearers were six of her sons, Joseph, William, Richard, Ernie, George and Stanley Smith. A notice published in the Argus newspaper on 20 March the same year indicated that probate from Rebecca's last will and testament was awarded to her daughter, Myrtle Auriel Smith, spinster of Green Hills, and her son-in-law John Charles Gamble of Walker Street in Northcote.
The electoral rolls show that after Rebecca's death, her husband Joseph remained for a time at Bolinda where he was helped with the farm by his sons George, Stanley and Percy (who eventually took over the running of the property). The 1924 electoral roll showed him living with his youngest daughter Mary Lilian Dowling and her husband at 5 Perth Street in the Melbourne suburb of Murrumbeena. At the time of his death on 6 July 1926, he was living at 16 Weerona Road in Murrumbeena. He was then 94 years old and died of senile decay and heart failure. Joseph Colmer Smith was buried at the Burwood Cemetery two days later. His death certificate records that he had been in Victoria for 81 years and at Waubra for 35 of these. All of his children but one, Stanley Claude Smith, were still living.
Joseph and Rebecca had no less than fourteen children between 1870 and 1894. The first five - Emma Jane Smith, Selina Sophia Smith, Thomas Henry Smith, Joseph Robert Smith, William James Smith, and John Albert Smith - were born at Waubra. The remainder were born either at Bungeeluke or Lalbert: Richard Colmer Smith, Charles Christopher Smith, Ernest Arthur Smith, George Edward Rowett Smith, Eliza Myrtle Aurora Smith, Percy Herbert Smith, Stanley Claude Smith and Mary Lilian Isobel Smith. Only one of these did not marry: Stanley Claude Smith who was born at Bungeeluke North in 1892 and died, aged 26 years, at Murrumbeena in Melbourne in 1919. We know that Stanley's older brother George Edward Rowett Gordon Smith married Mary Brodie (1893-1973) and had six children - Betty, Mary, George, Donald, Patricia and Noel Smith - but nothing else about them. The Australian electoral rolls on Ancestry.com plus a number of other sources have enabled us to provide some details of the lives and times of Stanley and George's siblings as follows.
Rebecca and Joseph's eldest daughter, Emma Jane Smith (1870-1933) - pictured on the left - married Alexander Davidson (1868-1939) at Waubra in 1889. We think that Alexander was born at Ballarat, the son of Alexander Davidson (1840-1919) and Mary Ann Merrett (1851-1932). Soon after their marriage, Emma and Alexander moved to Lalbert in central Victoria where Emma's parents had also moved. The roll of pupils at the Lalbert School in 1889 has an Ernest Davidson, born on 29 April 1882, enrolled and an Ivy Davidson, aged 3 years and 4 months, as 'likely to attend'. The roll in 1901 has Ernest Davidson, 12 years and 4 months, and Ivy Davidson, 4 years and 6 months, in attendance and Vera Davidson, 3 years and one month, likely to attend. A later roll provides the following dates of births for Ivy (27 February 1890), Arthur (1 April 1893) and Rhoda Davidson (4 July 1895). All three children were said to be living at the time '10 chains south of Lalbert and 7 miles north of Tittybong'.
The 1903 electoral roll shows Alexander, a labourer, and Emma Davidson living at Lalbert. The Shire rate books cited in Jan and Janine Power's Lalbert Reflections states that an Alexander Davidson ran a boarding house - which he built in 1899 - at Lalbert between 1901 and 1904 and was a butcher there between 1905 and 1907. The following court report published in the Melbourne Argus on 21 November 1913, indicates that Emma left Lalbert and her husband in around 1905:
Emma Jane Davidson, 41 years of age, petitioned for a dissolution of her marriage with Alexander Davidson, 43 years of age, formerly a jockey, on the ground of desertion. The marriage took place on October 25, 1889, and there are five children. Mr. L. S. Woolf (Instructed by Mr. J. Woolf) appeared for the petitioner. The last place where the parties lived was at Lalbert, on the Murray. A butcher's business was acquired, and the wife used to kill the sheep - five at a time - and drive the cart in order to deliver the orders. The respondent then began to ill-treat his wife and she left him and came to Melbourne in 1905. Evidence of misconduct by respondent was also given, and a decree nisi, with costs, was granted. The petitioner was given the custody of the younger children.
It seems that Emma re-married the following year, to a William Richards in Melbourne although that is still to be confirmed. Family researchers think that Emma and Alexander had between six and eight children (the five mentioned in the court report may have been those still living with their mother). The children include: 1) Rebecca Myrtle Ivy Coral Davidson (1890-1967) who married George Allen (1882-1964) at Lalbert in 1908 and had three children: George Arthur, Rhoda Alma Coral and Alan Roy Allen; 2) Alex George Arthur Davidson (Lynton Smith believes that this or a second Arthur got married in Australia but then went to England to live); 3) Rhoda Elsie Muriel Davidson (1895-1974) who married William Cashmore in 1912; 4) Vera Isla Davidson (1898-1980) who married first Raymond Grant Vinnicombe at Romsey in 1920 and, second, Alfred Eric Gale (1904-75) at East melbourne in 1928 and had three children and 5) Joseph Gordon Alfred Davidson. Click here to see photos of some of Emma's children and grandchildren.
Rebecca and Joseph's second daughter, Selina Sophia Smith (1871-1932), married John Charles Gamble (1862-1939) at Ballarat East in 1896. Probably a native of Yorkshire, John had been previously married to Louisa Elizabeth Meadway, daughter of Henry and Isabella Kezia Meadway nee McNaughtin, and had at least five children with her before her death at Sale in Victoria in 1894. The 1903 electoral roll has Selina Sophia and John Charles, a clerk, living at 110 Donald Street in Brunswick in Melbourne. They were at 92 Barkly Street in Carlton in 1909, 11 Walker Street in Northcote in 1914, and 50 Canterbury Road in Middle Park in 1919 (along with their daughter Isla Doris Isabel Gamble). The 1924 roll has Selina, John and Isla at 43 Armstrong Street in Middle Park. In 1928 Isla married Norman William Stuart in Queensland and went to live in Sydney (see below for more details). Four years later, Selina Gamble nee Smith died at the Melbourne suburb of Bentleigh. Her death notice in the Melbourne Age states: 'GAMBLE. - On Thu 5th July at a private hospital, Bentleigh. Selina Sophia, loved wife of John Charles Gamble, of 197 Koornang road Carnegie, loving mother of ls!a (Mrs. Stuart) and Keith, aged 61 years' (7 July 1932). The electoral rolls show that after Selina's death, John lived for a time with his daughter Isla and her husband in Sydney. As the following death notice shows, he moved back to Victoria sometime between 1936 and his death three years later. He and Selina are buried together in Burwood Cemetery. Click here to see a photo of Selina and some of her siblings.
GAMBLE. - On the 24th June at the resldence of his son-ln law (Mr M. F. Duff) at Bunninyong, 52 Mount Pleasant road Belmont, John Charles the dearly beloved husband of the late Selina Sophia Gamble and loving father of Ruby (Mrs Wilsonl), Ethel (Mrs Duff), Horace, Victor, Queenie (Mrs Turner), Isla (Mrs Stuart, Sydney) and Keith late of Home Affairs Department in his 85th year (Melbourne Argus, 26 June 1939).
As their death notices indicate, Selina and John had two children: 1) Isla Doris Isabel Gamble who was born at Brunswick in Melbourne in 1897 and married Sydney-born Norman William Stuart in Queensland in 1928. They lived in Sydney after their marriage and, as the following death notice published in The Sydney Morning Herald indicates, had one child: 'STUART, Norman William (Bill); March 20, 1954, at his residence, 422 Edgecliff Road Edgecliff, dearly beloved husband of Isla, and loved father of Jean. At rest' (23 March 1954). 2) Keith Gamble.
Thomas Henry Smith (1873-1950) was twice married. His first wife was Tryphena Kate Dickens (1881-1911), the daughter of Thomas Dickens and Frances Ann Wood, who he married in 1901 probably at Lalbert. He and Tryphena had one one child we are aware of: Herbert Thomas Smith who died at Lalbert in 1902 as an infant. Tryphena died at Lalbert in 1911 and is buried in the local cemetery with her deceased son. Sometime later Thomas married Elsie Eleanor McKinnon (1895-1980), daughter of Walter McKinnon (1862-1952) and Emily Horley (1863-1944) who were married at Homebush (presumably in Sydney in NSW) in 1887. Elsie was born at Maryborough in central Victoria where her father worked for a time as a policeman. The Australian electoral rolls show that Thomas, said to be a grazier, and Elsie were registered as living at Lalbert in Victoria in 1924 and 1934 and Manangatang in 1937. The 1942 roll has them both at Robinvale on the Murray River (Thomas was then a pensioner). They both died at Robinvale, Thomas in 1950 and Elsie in 1980. They had three children as follows:
1) Walter Joseph Smith (1923-1980). The Department of Veterans Affairs' WW2 Nominal Roll shows that VX139917 Driver Walter Joesph Smith, born at Swan Hill on 6 April 1923, enlisted in the Australian Army 'in the field' in Victoria on 28 April 1943. He was then living at Robinvale and gave as his NOK Eleanor Smith. He was discharged on 31 January 1946 while serving with HQ 129 Australian General transport Company. He married Nancy Joan Leslie (1928-2017) at Robinvale where Walter was working as a carpenter. They lived the remainder of their lives at Robinvale and had five children there: Barry, John, Daryl, Lyall and Warren Smith. By the time of Nancy's death at in 2017, these had produced 12 grandchildren and 11 great grandchildren.
2) Malcolm James Smith who married Beverley Ratten and, according to Lynton Smith, had three children; Melinda, Alister and Brenton Smith.
3) Dorothy Emily Smith (1931-2008) who married Bendigo-born Kevin James Haw (1926-95) in 1950. The Department of Veterans Affairs' WW2 Nominal Roll shows Kevin served as a private soldier in the Australian Army Ordinance Corps between 26 April 1945 and 17 January 1947. After their marriage in 1950, Dorothy and Kevin lived at Robinvale where Kevin also worked as a carpenter. Dorothy's death notice, published in the Herald Sun on 27 August 2008, indicates they had three children: Pauline, Thomas (deceased), Donna and John Smith.
Thomas' younger brother, Joseph Robert Smith(1874-1963) married the sister of Tryphena Kate Dickens, Susan Margaret Dickens (1883-1964), at Waubra in 1905 (the married couple are pictured on the right). Their granddaughter, Frances Mills, tells us that Joseph and Susan initially farmed land at Galah near Ouyen and that they and a number of other settlers received from the local council a formal certificate of appreciation for their pioneering efforts (which was framed and proudly displayed in the family home). Frances adds that their only child and Frances' mother, Mavis Frances Smith, was born at Galah in 1915.
The Australian electoral rolls have Joseph and Susan registered as living at Tiega (located a few miles from Galah) in Victoria at the time of the 1914 and 1919 elections. In around 1920 they sold their lease at Galah and moved to Melbourne. By the time of the 1924 election Joseph was working as a dairyman and he and Susan were living at Bushy Park on Melbourne Road near Dandenong. In 1931 Susan was registered as living at 69 Potter Street in Dandenong while Joseph was farming at Bannerton near Ultima. The 1936/7 and 1942 rolls have them both at Bannerton. Frances Mills tells us that in around 1946 they bought a farm at Hutcheson's Lane in Romsey and named it 'Glen Mavis' after their daughter. She adds that they were at 'Glen Mavis' until 1951 when Joseph retired and they moved to nearby Kyneton (the 1954 electoral roll has them at 21 Wheatley Street in Kyneton). In 1957 they moved again, to the Melbourne suburb of Bentleigh, where Joseph died six years later. His wife Susan died at Heidelberg in Melbourne in 1964. Their daughter, Mavis, married Stanley Charles Mills in 1938 and had two children: Frances Susan and Robert Andrew Mills.
William James Smith (1878-1933) married Alice Mabel Nimmo (1894-1972) in 1912 probably in Lalbert although that has not been confirmed (they are pictured on the left with their two children). According to the 'Petersen Family Tree' on Ancestry Alice was born at Minyip in central Victoria, the third daughter of George Nimmo (1869-1945) and Alice Maud Mary Goodrem (1872-1930) who were married at Stawell in 1891 and had one son - who died at a young age from the effects of heatstroke - and seven daughters between then and 1907. Alice's grandfather, William Nimmo (1824-98), was a Glaswegian who married Janet Blair (1831-1905) at Alloa in Clackmannanshire in Scotland in 1848. He and Janet and their first two children sailed to Australia on the SIR ROBERT SALE which departed from London on 18 March 1852 and arrived at Point Henry at Geelong on 5 July the same year. A fellow-passenger on the ship was John Saunders Wright who with his wife Sarah and daughter Jane Elizabeth Wright (later Cheeseman) would live at Carngham where John worked on Phillip Russell's sheep station. The 'Gordon Family Tree' on Ancestry tells us Alice Nimmo's mother, Maude Mary Goodrem, was the eldest daughter of Francis William (Frank) Goodrem (1833-1903) - who was born in Norfolk in England and died at Waterloo in Victoria - and a Londoner, Alice Lydia Hume (1849-1931). They were married at Pleasant Creek (the original name for Stawell) in Victoria in 1871 and had eleven children between then and 1893. George and Alice Maud Nimmo farmed land at Galah near Ouyen, where members of the Goodrem family were also living, before moving to St Arnaud where Alice died in 1930 and George in 1945.
William and Alice Smith ran the butchers and general store at Lalbert until the early 1920s when the business - shown in the photo below - was sold to a Stuart Bailey and the family moved to Melbourne. The Australian electoral rolls show a William James, farmer, and Alice Mabel Smith living on Brighton Road in the outer Melbourne suburb of Dandenong at the time of the 1924 and 1926 elections (William's younger brother, Richard Colmer Smith, was then living at nearby Clayton - see below). The 1931 roll has a William James Smith, slaughterman, living at Ultima in Victoria - where two of William's other brothers, Charles Christopher and John Albert Smith, were also living and working. We think Alice was living at 63 Albert Street in Footscray. The Victorian index of BDMs shows that William James Smith, aged 57 and son of Joseph 'Colman' Smith and Rebecca Hickmott, died in the Swan Hill RD in 1933 (Ancestry's Index of Victorian Wills and Probate tells us William died at Ultima on 12 Ocober 1933).
The Victorian index of BDMs shows Alice Mabel Smith married George Harold Fielding in Victoria in 1942 (reg no 6438). The 1943, 1949 and 1954 electoral rolls have George, a labourer, and Mabel, a cleaner, living at Fitzroy in Melbourne where George died in 1962. Alice continued to live at Fitzroy until her own death at Kew ten years later (the Victorian BDMs index shows an Alice Mabel Fielding, daughter of George Nimmo and Maude Goodrem, died at Kew in 1972). The Melbourne Metropolitan Cemeteries Board website shows an Alice M. Fielding was interred in the Fawkner Memorial Park Cemetery on 14 December 1972 (Roman Catholic T, Grave 1598). A George H. Fielding had been cremated there on 20 March 1962 and his ashes scattered.
From Melissa Holland's 'Smith Family Tree' on Ancestry this shows William and Alice Smith's
storefront at Lalbert in around 1915.
We don't think Mabel and George Fielding had any children. She and William James Smith had two children we know of as follows:
1) The Department of Veterans Affairs WW2 nominal roll shows VX1260 Sapper William Herbert Smith, who was born at Ouyen on 6 February 1913, enlisted in the Australian Army at Melbourne on 23 October 1939. He was then living at Oakleigh and gave as his NOK Alice Smith. He was discharged from the Army on 21 June 1946 as a Sapper in the 2/2 Field Engineers. After the war he seems to have changed his name to James Albert (Herb) Smith and, with his wife Dorothy, lived in different places including Maryborough and Lancefield near Bolinda in Victoria. The Ryerson Index shows James Albert (Herb) Smith, late of Maryborough and Karinya Lancefield, died at Footscray Hospital on 1 October 2001. His tribute published in the Melbourne Herald Sun on 2 October 2001 reads: 'SMITH - James Albert (Herb) on October 1 at Footscray Hospital late of Maryborough and Karinya, Lancefield. Loved son of William and Alice of Ouyen, brother of Flo, loved husband of Dorothy (dec), cousin of Maureen, Jack and families'.
Born at Ultima, Florence Mabel (Flo) Smith (1915-90) married Charles Andrew Groat (1912-99) in Victoria in 1934. Also born at Ulima, Charles' parents were Andrew Groat (1880-1966) and Ada Holding (1880-1966) who were married in Victoria in 1902 and had seven children we know of in addition to Charles: William Joseph (1902-3), Ellen Ada (1905-81), Alexander (1906-93), Alice Dowling (1908-86), Edith May (1910-2001), Albert Richard (1918-2006) and Donald Kenneth Groat (1921-2016). The 'Groat-Morovan/Angus Family Tree' on Ancestry tells us Charles' grandfather, Alexander Edward Groat (1841-1922) was born at Islington in London and, at eleven years old, sailed with his parents William and Sarah and older sister Sarah Groat from London on the BANCA which arrived at Melbourne on 6 December 1853. Alexander married Eleanor (Ellen) Kilpatrick (1845-1936) at Castlemaine in Victoria in 1865. According to the 'Kilpatrick Family Tree' on Ancestry Ellen was born at Collingwood, the eldest daughter of another Londoner, George Edward Kilpatrick (1811-88), and a native of Bampton in Oxfordshire, Caroline Trotman (1817-99), who were married in Melbourne in 1842. They had eleven children between then and 1870: Walter Herbert (1866-1932), Alexander George (1868-1953), Thomas (1869-85), Frances Jessie Lonargan (1872-1959), Emma (1873-73), Charles (1873-1933), Emma (1879-79), Frederick (1879-79), Andrew (1880-1966), Alice Bunworth (1881-1908), Ellen Robertson (1884-1908) and Albert Groat (1886-1965). Their youngest son, Albert, and his wife Mary Ann Victoria Groat nee Robbins spent much of their married lives at Lalbert where Albert ran the town's first bakery.
The Australian electoral rolls show that, in 1937, Charles Andrew and Florence Groat were living at Waitchie near Ultima where Charles was working as a baker (possibly in his uncle's shop at nearby Lalbert although that has not been confirmed). The Department of Veterans Affairs' Second World War nominal roll shows that V15249 Charles Andrew Groat enlisted in the Australian Army at Royal Park in Melbourne on 29 May 1941. He was then living at Nyah and gave Florence as his NOK. He was discharged from the Army on 14 February 1946 at which time he was a Cpl in the Australian Army Canteens Service Victorian Detachment. Both during this period and at the time of the 1949 election, Florence was living at 463 Station Street in the inner Melbourne suburb of Carlton (Charles, who was said to be a baker, was also there in 1949). By the time of the 1954 election, they had moved to Koraleigh (north of Nyah) in the Riverina district of NSW where they remained until at least the 1980s. Also registered as living at Koraleigh over this time were Charles parents, Andrew and Ada Groat, and two of his siblings and their wives: Albert Richard and Elaine May Groat and Donald Kenneth and Lilian Beryl Groat nee Jinette. Florence and Charles both died at Nyah West, she in 1990 and he in 1999. Lynton Smith tells us they had two daughters: Dorothy (born in 1937) and Marjorie Joy Buckley (1945).
From Lisa Sukra's Smith Family Tree and taken in around 1931, this photo is of Selina Sophia Gamble nee Smith (1871-1932)
and her niece Florence Mabel (Flo) Smith who married Charles Andrew Groat in 1934.
John Albert Smith (known to everyone as 'Al' and pictured on the left with his wife) was born at Waubra in 1878 and travelled the same year with his parents to Bungeluke North near Lalbert. Al attended the Lalbert state school after it opened in 1893 with his siblings and cousins from the Hickmott family. He married Eliza Grace ('Gracie') Brooks at Waubra in 1910, at about the same time as he took up a block of land at Wornack near Ouyen in the northern Mallee district. Ancestry's index of Australian bdms shows that Eliza Grace Brooks, the daughter of Mark Brooks and Ellen Conrick, who were married in Victoria in 1876, was born at Axedale in Victoria in 1888. Her siblings included David Henry, George Thomas, James Francis, John Charles, Joseph Conrick, Kathleen Florence, Mary Ann, Percy Mark, Walter Peter and William Brooks all of whom were born at Axedale.
In 1912 Al and Gracie were joined by Al's cousin and good friend William Henry Hickmott and his wife Frances and their two small daughters Grace and Gladys. William had earlier helped Al clear his block of much of the Mallee scrub then covering it. He and Frances lived with Al and Gracie while waiting to be granted their own allotment of land north of Ouyen. It seems that Al didn't remain on the land for long. The Australian electoral rolls show that he worked as a butcher at Ultima between at least 1909 and 1936. Some time after this he and Gracie and their family moved to Melbourne (the 1942 electoral roll shows them living at 7 Errol Street in the suburb of Footscray). John Albert ('Al') Smith died at Footscray in Melbourne in 1944. His wife Gracie died at Swan Hill thirty-three years later, aged 88 years.
As the photo above shows, Al and Gracie had six children: Howard Lionel (1911-1981), Maurice Clement (1912-1992), Lloyd Albert (1913-1989), Auriel Leonora Grace (1915-), Sheila Merlyn (1917-) and Loris Mary Smith (1921-). Lynton Smith tells us that Howard Smith married Clare Wilson and did not have any children. Maurice Clement Smith, who was a butcher by trade, married Olive Annie Cox (1916-1992) at Ouyen in Victoria in around 1935 and had three children there: Maurice John, Margaret Dawn and Marilyn Fay Smith. Lloyd Albert Smith married Jean Mitchell and also had three children: Lesley, Garnet and Ann. Auriel Leonora Grace Smith married a New Zealander, William Ronald Perris (1910-1972), and had four children: Barbara, Alison, Rodney and Julie. Sheila Merlyn Smith (Lisa Sukra's grandmother) married Raymond Edward O'Connor and had two children: Terrance and Jennifer. And Loris Mary Smith (Lynton's mother) married John Ryan Smith and had three children: Daryl, Lynton and Gregory.
Born at Bungeeluke North in Victoria, Richard Colmer Smith (1881-1976) attended the Lalbert State School (no 2990) with his siblings and Hickmott cousins. The 1909 electoral roll shows him working as a farmer and living with his parents at Lalbert. In the same year he married Hilda Alice Fidge (1889-1971) probably at Lalbert although this has still to be confirmed. After their marriage Richard and Hilda lived in Melbourne initially at Dandenong then nearby Clayton where most of their seven children were born, Ancestry's index of Australian bdms shows that Hilda, aged 82 years, died at Kew in Melbourne in 1971 and Richard died at Box Hill five years later. They are both buried in the Burwood Cemetery. Click here to read more about their and their families' lives and times.
This photo is taken from Lisa Sukra's 'Smith Family Tree - Cornwall to Australia' located on Ancestry.com.
It was taken at the time of the wedding of Richard Colmer Smith to Hilda Alice Fidge in 1909 and shows, from L/R:
Mary Lilian Isobel Smith, John Albert Smith, Richard Colmer Smith and Hilda Alice Smith nee Fidge
Born at Bungeluke North, Charles Christopher Smith (1882-1954) attended the 2990 Primary School at Lalbert which involved a daily two-mile trek from and back to the Smith family farm. After completing his schooling, Charles worked as a fruit picker at Woorinen near Swan Hill as well as on his parents' farm at Lalbert. During this time he, like his brothers, played for the local football and cricket teams (see the photo below). In around 1909, Charles' parents sold their farm and moved to Bolinda near Woodend in central Victoria. A subsequent Court hearing - described below - indicates Charles was by then farming land at Balliang near Bacchus Marsh where he also played football professionally. In around 1905 a widow, Charlotte Christina Margaret Makin (1887-1927), came to work for him as his housekeeper. Charlotte had with her four children from her earlier marriage and, after falling pregnant to Charles, married him at Balliang on 11 June 1913. Victoria's index of BDMs tells us Charlotte was born at the inner-Melbourne suburb of Collingwood, her mother was Emma Whitburn/Whitbourn and her father was unknown.
Richard Colmer (Dick) Smith and two of his brothers - John Albert and Charles Christoper Smith - together with their uncle and two Hickmott
cousins in the Lalbert Cricket Team in 1900. As numbered: 1. Joe Nalder, 2. Dick Smith, 3. Local Minister, 4. Local School Teacher,
5. Henry Edward Hickmott, 6. Mat Nalder, 7. Donald Kennedy, 8. Al Smith, 9. Billy Nalder, 10. George Nalder,
11. Charlie Smith, 12. Phil Willoughby, 13. George Hickmott, 14. Tom Power and 15. Billy Hickmott.
According to David Summers' 'Research Kindred Spirits Family Tree' on Ancestry, Charlotte's parents were German-born John Henry (Johann Hinrich) Gaden (1852-1930) and Emma Dunn Whitbourne (1846-1921) who was born in Hobart and died at Collingwood. Emma's parents were John Dunn Whitbourne (1798-1873), a native of Cambridgeshire who was transported to Australia in 1842, and Elizabeth Cross (1821-96), a fellow-transportee who John married at Hobart in 1844 and with whom he would have 13 children. The family moved from Tasmania to Victoria in 1847 and lived at a number of places before settling in Collingwood. David Summers adds that Emma Dunn Whitbourne was five times married/partnered: 1) to William Tomlinson (1824-65) at Kyneton in 1863 (no children); 2) James Charles Makin (1836-85) at Carlsruhe in Victoria in 1869 (8 children); 3) Alfred Makin (1849-1921) in Tasmania in 1887 (no children); 4) George John Cowan (1847-1929) in Victoria in 1891 (one child); and 5) John Henry Gaden (1852-1930) who she had partnered with in Collingwood and with whom she had Charlotte Christina Margaret Emma Makin/Gaden in 1887. David continues that Charlotte was herself twice married, first to Edward Ernest Goodwin (1883-1911) in Victoria in 1904 and with whom she had four children, and, second as we have seen, to Charles Christopher Smith in Victoria on 11 June 1913.
As reported in the Melbourne Age on 12 September 1913, barely three months after they were married, Charlotte sued Charles in the Collingwood Court for maintenance following their separation caused by Charles' drunkeness and domestic violence. In her testimony Charlotte told the court that 'for the first week after their marriage her husband treated her properly, but after that he became cruel. On one occasion, when they were driving home in a jinker, he left her outside an hotel for two hours, and when he left the hotel he brought with him a bottle of whisky. Witness threw the bottle out of the jinker and defendant then struck her on the side of the face, and said he "had no time for her." The following week he returned home drunk from a football match, and started to thump witness because she would not get him supper . . . On a further occasion he knocked her down and klcked her, and once tied her hands together with his belt . . . . After other cruel acts he sent her to Melbourne, and did not give her the money to pay her fare back'. In spite of Charles not being able to be present and so provide his side of the story - which his solicitor claimed 'differs widely from that of his wife' - Charles was found guilty and ordered to pay his wife 20/- weekly as well as court costs and a surety of £50 or, in default, go to prison for three months. Charlotte went to live with family in Melbourne. His military file in the Australian Archives shows that a Charles Christopher Smith who was born at Lalbert and was then living in the Melbourne suburb of Richmond enlisted in the First AIF in 1917. Unfortunately the file has not been digitised so we don't know with what unit he served, whether he spent time overseas and when and where he was discharged.
In spite of all that had happened, Charles and Charlotte must have continued to see each other during this time as the Victorian index of births shows they had a total of five children between 1914 and 1922: Charles Albert, Mabel Rebecca, William George, Stanley Clyde and Roy Percival Smith all of whom were born in Melbourne. In a recording made for the Australian War Memorial in 1991, their second son, William George (Bill) Smith, recalled his parents 'never lived together. He lived up in the Mallee. I think it wasn't because they were separated, it was more for his working that he lived there'. Bill added that his father came down to Melbourne occasionally 'and I was a bit frightened of him. He had a rough off-hand manner . . . a weeping eye which looked repelling to me, and he never gave much affection'. Bill remembered his mother as 'a very strict woman . . . she belted us a lot and we never knew when you was doing the right thing or not . . . She'd send [my older] brothers to the Victoria Market and they would take a wooden truck and pick up apples or discarded fruit or vegetables thrown on the footpath . . . and bring 'em home and she'd wash them. And she'd send others . . . under a false name and address to a butcher to get cheap meat on the slate'. At one stage his father took a number of the children back with him to the Mallee where he gave Bill's youngest brother Roy 'to a family and we never saw him again for fifty-four years. He told us that you shouldn't get in touch because it'll spoil his life'.
Some time after this Charles placed Bill into Kildonan, a childrens home run by the Prebyterian Church in North Melbourne, from where he was later sent to the Church's Kilmany Park Farm Home for Boys in Sale in Victoria's Gippsland region (see below). The post-war electoral rolls show while Charlotte continued to live in Melbourne, Charles lived first at Bacchus Marsh and, from the mid-1920s until the late-1930s, with his brother, John Albert Smith and his family, at Ultima south of Lalbert (Charles worked there as a labourer while John Albert was the town's butcher). The Victorian deaths index shows Charlotte Christina Smith, aged 40 years and daughter of Alfred Makin and Emma Whitburn, died in 1927 at Melbourne East where she had been living with her half-brother, Charles James Makin (a dealer who died in 1926). The Melbourne Metropolitan Cemeteries Board website shows a Charlotte Smith was buried in the Fawkner Memorial Park Cemetery on 15 February 1927 (CofE M, Grave 3262). By the time of the 1942 election both Charles and John Albert Smith and his family had also moved to Melbourne where John Albert died at Footscray in 1944 and Charles died there in 1954. We have not as yet been able to find where Charles was buried or cremated. What of his and Charlotte's five children?
1) The Victorian index of BDMs show Charles Albert Smith was born at Collingwood in 1914 and married Dulcie May Pearl Cross in Victoria in 1936 (Dulcie is pictured with her great granddaughter, Rebecca Summers, in the photo on the left). Her grandson, David Summers, tells us Dulcie was born at Wonthaggi in Victoria's Gippsland region, the daughter of a local farmer, Frederick Charles Cross (1893-1965), and Merea Mary Pearl Kent (1898-1991) who were married there in 1917. Frederick's grandparents, who were married at Great Cheverell in Wiltshire, emigrated to Victoria in 1849. Merea's grandparents were from Cornwall and emigrated to Victoria in 1863. The DVA's WW2 nominal roll shows VX35089 Cpl Charles Albert Smith enlisted at Royal Park in Melbourne on 9 July 1940. He was then living at Ultima in Victoria and gave as his NOK his wife Dulcie. He was discharged on 6 April 1942 at which time he a Cpl in the 2/29th Battalion which served in Singapore and Malaya as part of the 8th Australian Division. Charles' death notice described below says he served in the 9th Australian Division which suggests he may have changed units and served in North Africa or New Guinea or both (while available for public viewing, Charles' military file in the Australian Archives has not yet been digitised).
The Australian electoral rolls show that after the war Charles, who worked as a salesman and clerk, and Dulcie, who later worked as a machinist, lived first at Prahran and then at Malvern in Melbourne where Charles died on 14 November 1968. The following notices were published in the Melbourne Age on 16 November: 'SMITH. On the 14th November (suddenly), Charles Albert, of 12 Cressy St Malvern, beloved husband of Dulcie, loved father of Valerie (Mrs Summers), fond father-in-law of Bill and loved grandfather of Kim, Tony, Darren and David. Late 9th Div 2nd AIF'; and 'SMITH On the 14th November, Charles Albert, of 12 Cressy St Malvern, eldest son of the late Mr and Mrs C. C. Smith, of Ultima, and beloved brother of Mabel (Mrs Marr), Bill, Stan, Roy, Emma (Mrs Engelbrecht), Ern, Fred (deceased) and Alf' [the last four were the children from Charlotte's first marriage]. The electoral rolls show Dulcie, still working as a machinist, continued to live at 12 Cressy Street until at least 1980. David Summers, tells us around this time she officially changed her surname from Smith to Charles (adopting her husband's first name) and later moved to the bayside suburb of Frankston where she died on 18 May 2016. David adds that Dulcie and Charles had one child, a daughter Valerie Emily Pearl Smith (1936-2003) - shown in the photo on the right - who was born at Prahran and died at Tewantin near Noosa on Queensland's Sunshine Coast. A trained nurse, Valerie married William Robert Summers (1936-96) at St Kilda in 1958. She and William lived in Melbourne until the late 1980s when they moved to Queensland where William died in 1996 and she in 2003. Valerie's tribute, published in the Melbourne Herald Sun on 27 March of that year reads: 'SUMMERS. Valerie Emily Pearl. Late of Tewantin (Qld) Formerly of Cooran (Qld.) and Melbourne. Passed away (suddenly) at home in the early hours of Monday, March 24 2003. Aged 66 years. Dearly loved daughter of Dulcie Charles and Charlie Smith (dec). Wife of William (dec), mother of Kimbal, Tony, Darren and David'.
2) Born at Collingwood, Mabel Rebecca Smith (1915-2006) married James Thomson Marr (1915-84) in Melbourne in 1940. Born at Williamstown, James was the son of two Scots, Alexander McIntosh Hunter Marr (1884-1956) and Isabella (Bella) Crabbe Thomson (1888-1964), who had emigrated to Australia in the early 1900s and were married in Melbourne in 1911. The Australian electoral rolls show they initially lived at 3 Henry Street in Williamstown where Alexander worked as a carpenter and builder. According to reports in the Williamstown Chronicle, he was also involved in the activities of the local branch of the Scottish Thistle Society as well as being a 'Worshipful Brother' of the Port Phillip Masonic Lodge. The Victorian index of deaths shows Alexander died at Belgrave in Victoria in 1956. His father was said to be James Marr and his mother Isabelle Young. Bella died at Williamstown on 28 March 1964. Born at Dundee in Scotland, her father was James Thomson and her mother Ellen Moir. In addition to their son James, Alexander and Bella had two daughters we know of:
1) Isabelle Young Marr (1905-87) who was a munitions worker and married a building foreman, Stephen Henry Newing (1905-63), in 1939. Isabelle and Stephen lived with her parents at Henry Street both during the war and after Alexander and Bella moved to Selby at the base of the Dandenong Ranges following Alexander's retirement in around 1949. The Victorian index of BDMs shows Isabelle, aged 75 and born at Williamstown, died there in 1987. The Find-a-Grave website tells us she is buried with Stephen, who died in 1963, in the Altona Memorial Park Cemetery (Rose Garden, Garden Bed 20, Section RP, Positions 31 & 31A). The 'David McGinness family tree' on Ancestry, tells us they had two children.
2) Helen Margaret Marr (1922-86) who was described as a weaver and was registered as living with Alexander and Bella on Batesfield Road in Selby from 1949 onwards. Helen, who was also born at Williamstown, married Donald John Heasley (1931-83) in 1956 and died at Selby on 6 January 1986. Like her husband, who had pre-deceased her, she was cremated at the Springvale Botanical Cemetery. We don't know if they had any children.
The Department of Veterans Affaira' WW2 nominal roll shows VX101940 James Thomson Marr enlisted in the Australian Army at Broadmeadows on 21 September 1942. He was then living at Glenroy and gave as his NOK his wife Mabel. He continued to serve in the Army after the war and was discharged on 18 January 1965 at which time he was a Cpl in the Australian Army Ordnance Corps. The electoral rolls show he and Mabel continued living at Glenroy until after James' discharge when they moved to the bayside suburb of Seaford. James, who like his father worked in 'civvie street' as a carpenter, died at Seaford in 1984 and was cremated at the Sringvale Botanical Cemetery. The Southern Metropolitan Cemeteries Board shows Mabel Rebecca Marr was cremated at the Bunurong Memorial Park Cemetery on 15 May 2006. Her tribute in the Melbourne Herald Sun on 11 May reads: 'MARR, Mabel Rebecca. Passed away peacefully on May 10 2006. Loving wife of James (dec). Much loved mother of James, Kay and William. Fond mother-in-law of Pamalee and Melva. Dearly loved Nana of Karen, Linda, Andrew and Benjawan and Great Nana of Hayley, Andrew, Amy and Lloyd'.
From Melissa Holland's 'Smith Family Tree' on Ancestry this shows Mabel Marr (on the left) with
three of her Smith cousins: Florence Groat, Sheila O'Connor and Floris Smith.
3) William George (Bill) Smith was born at Abbotsford in Melbourne on 15 September 1918. As described above, at an early age he was placed by his father into Kildonan, a childrens home run by the Presbyterian Church in North Melbourne where, Bill later recalled, 'we were treated fairly harshly but looking back they were harsh times and at least we got better food than we got at home. After I reached ten years of age', he continued, 'they sent me to a farm home up at Sale, a place called Kilmany Park . . . where the girls would be sent out as drudges round different places and . . . the boys would be drafted out to work on farms for seventy/eighty hours a week at no pay or two and six a week'. Bill's experiences at Kildonan and Kilmany inform a novel, Better Off in a Home he later wrote and was published in 1982. Bill returned to Melbourne in the early 1930s. His half-sister, Charlotte Emma Goodwin later Newman (1905-78), got him a job at 'a textile mill in Coppin Street Richmond, and although it was a forty-four hour week in most places, it was forty-eight in the textiles and I only got eighteen shillings a week for eighteen years of age. My board was twenty shillings a week. Emma gave me two shillings to make that up. And Ernie [Ernest John Goodwin (1907-94)], my other brother who was very good to me . . . gave me another two shillings to entertain myself, buy my clothes and save up for a rainy day . . . I'd walk everywhere, wherever I worked or into the gym [where he trained as a boxer] and then back. On top of that I used to get up in the early morning and go from Richmond over the Botanical Gardens and run round the tan'. Over this time Bill also read widely including, while he was at Kilmany, Eric Remarque's All Quiet on the Western Front and other works which would influence his later political beliefs and preferences.
Bill enlisted in the 2nd AIF at Caulfield on 19 April 1940. He was then boarding at Richmond with the King family and 'went into the Army' four days after Australia's first military contingent left for north Africa. Allocated to the 2/8th infantry battalion he joined his unit in time to participate in the successful attack against Italian forces at Tobruk. After this they went to Greece where the battalion was involved in a series of rearguard actions against the invading German forces. In his War Memorial interview Bill recalled that while serving in Greece 'I handed over a couple of German prisoners of war to [the British military authorities] and they told us to shoot 'em - the British did. They give 'Heil Hitler' signs and all, they were real young Nazis. And I went crook at the British. And they said, "It's alright for you Aussies, they're bombing our cities". I don't know what happened to 'em in the finish but I just handed 'em over and went'. Bill tells us that 'after Greece we didn't see action for a couple of years . . . We were in Syria getting ready for the Germans, and then we were going to go up to Tobruk where the 9th Divvy were, and then the Japs came in so . . . we came home'. After spending twelve months at Darwin, the battalion moved to the Atherton Tablelands in Queensland where it underwent jungle warfare training. We were 'expecting to go to Lae and Finschhafen in New Guinea, but the 9th Divvy were there and more of the 6th Divvy were there, and some of the 7th, and so they held us back . . . another year passed . . . [and we finally] went to New Guinea for the last twelve months of the war'. In New Guinea the 2/8th Battalion was involved in fighting around Aitape and then Wewak where, following the cessation of hostilities in August 1945, it was tasked with making improvements to camp facilities and carrying out garrison duties there.
During his leave in Australia, Bill was struck by how many people, including some in his family, neither knew nor cared much about what he and his colleagues had gone through in the Greek and other campaigns the 2nd AIF was involved in. This feeling was accentuated by the presence everywhere of American servicemen who had money aplenty to spend: 'you couldn't get a taxi - the Yanks had 'em all 'cause they had the money - these great patriotic Australians that were behind the war. Go into a cafe, you might get served after the Yanks or something 'cause they paid tips . . . Wherever you bloody went. You'd go to the pub, you couldn't get any beer or that. Well, it might have been short but they still kept a bit under the counter for whoever could pay higher, which was generally Yanks or officers . . . to this day I say if the war had come here there'd be just as many collaborators as there was in France or anywhere else'. Although no doubt driven by his frustrations over not getting back into action, these concerns served to reinforce Bill's dislike of aspects of both the Army and Australian society and played no small part in his increasing radicalisation and decision, made towards the end of the war, to become a member of the Communist Party of Australia.
Bill was discharged from the Army on 25 October 1945. His War Memorial interview gives little information about his life after the war beyond that he and his sister finally sought out his long-estranged brother Roy, and Bill kept in touch with and enjoyed seeing many of his former colleagues. Back in 'civvie street', Bill worked as a Communist Party organiser which earned him a measley wage of three pound ten a week. He helped form the party's St Kilda West Branch, to which he invited all 'those blokes who couldn't join the Army/Navy Club because they had too many bookmakers', and for which he was asked to resign his membership of the RSL. As an organiser he was often accused at RSL meetings of being a traitor and occasionally run out of town by the local constabulary. His retort in both circumstances was he was always welcome at the 2/8th Battalion where even returned men who disagreed with his political views would back him up. As an organiser, Bill liaised with various labor unions and their affiliates as well as such organisations as the Eureka Youth League and the Union of Australian Women (UAW). In 1960, he married a widow and founding member of the latter organistion, Yvonne Jean Perry nee Simmons, who had married Donald Robinson Perry (1927-58) in 1949 and had two children with him. After Don's death in 1958, Bill arranged for Yvonne to work as secretary to the assistant secretary of the Australian Railways Union (ARU) where she worked until her marriage to Bill. As detailed in an article published on Women's Web, although nominally retired, Yvonne put her energies into UAW and associated activities including support for Aboriginal land rights and equal pay. She later served as an assistant secretary of the UAW and, in 1988, compiled and edited a UAW publication entitled TAKING TIME, Women's Historical Data Kit. The Australian electoral rolls show that after their marriage Bill and Yvonne lived first at Sunshine and later at Albert Park where Yvonne was involved in the 'Save Albert Park' campaign to prevent the construction of a Grande Prix racing track there. The Melbourne Metropolitan Cemeteries Board website tells us a William George Smith, who was born on 15 September 1918, died on 13 November 2006 and was cremated at the Fawkner Memorial Park Cemetery on 20 December the same year.
4) The Department of Veterans Affairs' WW2 nominal roll shows 284030/VX10588 Pte Stanley Clyde Smith, who was born at Abbotsford in Victoria on 15 April 1919, enlisted in the Australian Army at South Melbourne on 4 March 1940. He was then living at Collingwood and gave as his NOK Ada Smith (the Victorian marriages index shows Stanley Clyde Smith had married Ada Ellen Bell in Victoria in 1940). Stan was discharged on 24 July 1945 at which time he was a private soldier in 17 AUST BDE COY ASC. In his interview for the Australian War Memorial, Stan's brother, Bill Smith, says Stan served in Libya and then Greece where he was captured in 1941 'around the time of his birthday'. Stan spent the rest of the war in various prisoner-of-war camps in Germany and Austria (the Australian War Memorial's Recovered Prisoners of War Rolls show he was at Stalag XV111-A, B and D and Stalag 383 camp). 'We heard little of him', Bill added, 'right up until he came home just before I did . . . When I came home [from New Guinea] he had a barrel of beer saved up to have a big party for me - he was good to me in that way . . . I found out he was in a camp in Austria . . . well away from any fighting, working on farms' and probably among those prisoners-of-war the Germans thought they could get to fight for them on the Russian front. 'He didn't get to that stage, but I think he was getting near to it . . . justifying Germany, talking in German and all that. I've never told my sister or anybody about that - never told them'. Largely because of this Bill didn't have much to do with Stan who we think went to live in NSW not long after returning home from Europe. Some in the family believe he died at Wollongong in 1998 although we have yet to confirm this.
5) As described earlier Charles and Charlotte's youngest son, Roy Percival Smith (1922-2011) was 'given away' by his father to a family in the Mallee sometime in the early 1920s. Both at the time and later on, Charles told the rest of his children they shouldn't get in touch with their youngest brother 'because it'll spoil his life'. As he related in his War Memorial interview, Roy's older brother, Bill Smith, eventually did make contact with his youngest brother after both had returned from active service during the Second World War:
I rang him [and he said] he didn't want to know us - any of us. But at last he said okay. I went out to see him and he took us down to the pub and . . . we had a few drinks and his wife and son came. He said, 'I'll introduce them to you as a mate in the army'. And of course I didn't have much time to discuss this and I said okay. So we were talking and his son was a bit interested [in hearing] about hi[s father] - what he was in the army and that . . . I couldn't tell him much, and I could have contradicted everything he'd told his son if I made up a yarn so I didn't . . . anyway at last I burst out and said 'I'm your uncle. I'm his brother' . . . [Roy] didn't like that so I didn't see him for a while and then he got over it and I see him now and again and we have lunch together occasionally. I think we're the two closest of the family.
Roy's foster parents were Reginald Charles Forster (1879-1945) and his first wife, Victorine Melotte (1890-1927), who were married in Victoria in 1906. Born at Wychitella near Charlton in northern Victoria, Reg was then farming land on the Loddon Park estate near Ultima. Victorine's obituary, published in the Sunraysia Daily on 31 May 1927, tells us she ran 'a boarding-house at Ultima' and passed away in the Swan Hill district hospital on May 14th 1927 (the same year as Roy's real mother). According to the 'Forster Family Tree' on Ancestry, Reg and Victorine had three daughters in addition to Roy - Louise, Hilda Roberta and Shirley May Forster - and Reg later married Victorine's sister, Louise Melotte.
The family was living at Red Cliffs across the river from Mildura when V13625/VX64363 Roy Percival Forster, born at Fitzroy on 14 December 1921, enlisted in the Australian Army at Royal Park in Melbourne on 23 April 1941. Roy served in the 10th Anti Aircraft Battery until 17 October 1941 when he transferred to the 2nd AIF in which he served until 19 November 1945. At the time of his discharge, he was serving as a private soldier in 1 AUST PARA TRG CENTRE. The Victorian index of BDMs shows Roy married Wilma June Best (1931-98) in Victoria in 1948. The 'Wallace/Wallis/Hesketh/Dalryple Family Tree' on Ancestry tells us Wilma's parents were two Castlemaine identities, Alfred George Best (1876-1954) and Florence Victoria Shill (1893-1963), who were married at nearby Campbell's Creek in 1917 and had five children in addition to Wilma. It adds that Wilma's paternal grandparents - Phillip Best (1844-1918) and Mary Facey (1846-1910) - were both from Tasmania and were married in Victoria in 1868.
The Australian electoral rolls show Roy, who worked as a labourer and later a moulder, and Wilma lived in West Brunswick in Melbourne until after the 1980s (the rolls show a Maxwell Roy Forster, bank officer, living with them in 1977 and 1980). Her tribute in the Melbourne Herald Sun tells us Wilma June Forster nee Best 'passed away peacefully on November 30 1998 at the Austin Hospital, aged 67 years. Loving wife of Roy, loving mother of Lynette, Janice and Max. Mother-in-law of John, Peter and Cheryl. Nana of Michelle, Stacey, Mark, Donna, Suzan, Renae and Brittany. Great Nana of Darcy-Rose, Ahkeem and Nikoda' (2 December 1998). The Ryerson Index shows a Roy Percival Forster died in Melbourne on 28 May 2001. His tribute in the Herald Sun shows that by then he and Wilma had nine great grandchilren: the three mentioned above plus Shakiah, Noah, Storme, Harlen, Levi and Bebe. According to the Find-a-Grave website Roy and Wilma are buried together in the Northern Memorial Park Cemetery in the Melbourne suburb of Glenroy (Flinders Row A, Grave 39).
According to Sands and McDougall's Directory, Ernest Arthur (Ernie) Smith (1884-1949), who was born at Bungeeluke North, was a storekeeper at Lalbert in 1909. The Victorian index of bdms show he had married Rose Harrison (1885-1952) the previous year (reg no 3182) and he and Rose/Rosie had a daughter, Elvie Miriam Smith, at Lalbert in 1909 (reg no 12135). We believe Rose was Ernie's cousin, a daughter of Joseph Colmer Smith's younger sister, Selina Smith (1846-1913), and Christopher Harrison (1842-1924) who were married at Ballarat in Victoria in 1863. Not long after the birth of their daughter Elvie, Ernie's store in Lalbert burnt down and he and Rosie went to Melbourne to live. The 1914 electoral roll shows an Ernest Arthur, butcher, and Rosie Smith, music teacher, living at Dandenong (possibly with Ernest's brother Richard Colmer Smith). The election rolls from 1922 to 1949 all show Ernie and Rosie living at 'Glenelvie' 53 Coorigil Road in Murrumbeena/Oakleigh (the 1949 roll has Elvie Miriam Smith, a hairdresser, also registered as living there whereas she had been living at Nhill in the Victorian Wimmera in 1931).
According to the Victorian index of BDMs, Ernest Arthur Smith, said to have been born at Swan Hill in around 1885, the son of Richard Colmer Smith and an unknown 'Hicknott', died at Fitzroy in 1949 (reg no 9942) and Rosie Smith, born at Waubra in around 1880, the daughter of Christopher Harrison and 'Seliner' Smith, died at Murrumbeena in 1952 (reg no 13008). Melbourne's Southern Metropolitan cemeteries index shows an Ernest Arthur Smith was cremated at the Springvale Botanical Cemetery on 11 August 1949 and is memorialised in the Tristania Garden there (G3, Bed 5, Rose 64). A notice in the 12 October 1949 edition of the Melbourne Age tells us probate from his will was 'granted to Elvie Miriam Smith, a ladies' hair-dresser, of 53 Coorigal Road Carnegie'. The Find-a-Grave website shows a 'Rosie (Marzie) Smith Oct 1952 Cherished mother of Elvie' is buried in the Brighton General Cemetery at Caulfield.
A year after her mother's death, Elvie married a butcher, Charles Alexander McGregor (Alex) Hooper. The following year she sued in the Victorian Supreme Court her local doctor for negligent treatment which resulted in her being generally bed-ridden and thus having to sell her hair-dressing business (Melbourne Age, 24 March 1954). She and Alex were then living at 53 Coorigil Road in Oakleigh. Significantly perhaps, the 1963 and subsequent rolls have them at 27 Stapely Crescent in the same suburb. Ancestry's index of Australian BDMs shows that Elvie Miriam Hooper, aged 62 and daughter of Ernest A. Smith and Rose Harrison, died at Caulfield in 1972 (reg no 518). She is buried with her mother in the Brighton General Cemetery. A Charles Alexander Hooper, who was born in 1928 was buried there in 2014.
1. From Melissa Holland's 'Smith Family Tree' on Ancestry, wedding photo of Ernest Arthur (Ernie) and Rose Smith nee Harrison.
2. From the 'Higgins Green Rose Harrison Buttery Family Tree' on Ancestry, Elvie Miriam Hooper nee Smith.
Eliza Myrtle Auriel Pearl Smith (1888-1921) married Auguste Granville Gerecke (1884-1945) in 1915 at Romsey in Victoria. Auguste was born at Tower Hill in 1884, the son of Hermann Gerecke (1832-1908) and Mary Ann Collins (1853-1928). The electoral rolls show he was a policeman and was stationed at Romsey in 1914. Myrtle was then living at 'Green Hills' with her father and brothers Percy and Stanley. Their wedding was described in the Ultima and Chillingollah Star as follows:
Gerecke - Smith. A quiet but pretty wedding was celebrated at the residence of the bride's father (Joseph Smith, " Greenhills," Bolinda, late of Lalbert) on Wednesday, 2nd June, the contracting parties being Mr A. G. Gerecke, of Romsey, and Myrtle Auriel Smith, the officiating clergyman being the Rev King, of Romsey. The bride, who was given away by her father, wore a dress of white silk trimmed with Limerick lace and pearl trimmings; the skirt was finished by a wide hip sash of ivory white crepe-de-chine; the bridal veil was arranged cap fashion, with ivory spray of orange blossom, the effect being very becoming. The bridesmaid, Miss Lilian Smith, wore a dress of white silk with lace overdress and pearl trimmings and swathe belt of shell pink crepe-de-chine. Mr Frank Merrifield acted as groomsman and carried out his duty most effectively. The bride groom's gifts to the bride were a beautiful diamond ring and a set of furs, and the gift to the bridesmaid a very pretty necklet. The presents to the bride and bride groom were very numerous and handsome. At the conclusion of the ceremony the wedding break fast was partaken of and the health and prosperity of the happy couple toasted with musical honors, After full justice had been done to the good things provided evening amusements and dancing were, indulged in with great life and spirit, every one thoroughly enjoying them selves. The bride looked very smart in her travelling costume of navy clothetta, with collar and cuffs of Ottoman silk, navy panne velvet hat with white ostrich feather nouch. The dancing, etc., was kept going till 2.30 p.m., when the party broke up after a real good time.
Myrtle and Auguste had three children before Myrtle's untimely death at Meeniyan near Inverloch in Victoria in 1921: Auriel Edith, Albert Edgar and Stanley Gerecke. Frances Mills tells us that Stanley was brought up by Myrtle's sister-in-law, and Frances' grandmother, Susan Margaret Smith who would have liked to adopt him but wasn't able to. Auguste Gerecke was stationed at Benalla at the time of the 1924 election and lived in East Melbourne from the early 1930s until his death in 1945. The following death notice was published in the Melbourne Age on 14 November 1945: 'GEREKE - On November 13, at the Police Hospital, August Grenville of 47 Agnes Street Jolimont, dearly beloved husband of the late Myrtle Gerecke and loving father of Auriel, Albert (AIF) and Stan (AIF), aged 81 years, late of the Victoria Police Force, sadly missed'. Auguste and Myrtle are both buried in Melbourne's Burwood Cemetery.
Myrtle and Auguste's only daughter, Auriel Edith Gerecke (1915-92), who worked as a salesperson, was living in Camberwell North in 1943 and at Deepdene in 1949. The latter roll also shows an 'Oriel' Edith and Reginald Francis Duffy, tanner, were registered as living at 53 and 55 Park Street respectively (a Vincent Graham and Irence Alice Duffy were at 3/34 Park Street). The 1954 roll has a Reginald Francis, tanner, and Auriel Edith Duffy both at 53 Park Street. The 1963 roll has them at 1/3 Cowderoy Street in St Kilda Park along with an Irene Alice Duffy, hairdresser. Reg and Auriel were still registered there in 1968, 1972 and 1977 (Irene was at 3/34 Park Street in each year along with a Vincent Graham Duffy, spring maker, in 1968 and 1972). Only Aurial and Irene were at their respective addresses in 1980. The Melbourne Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust website shows that Reginald Francis Duffy died on 28 January 1980 and is memorialised in the Altona Memorial Park. The Benalla Cemetery Trust website shows that Auriel Edith Duffy of Benalla, aged 76 years, died on 30 July 1992. It notes that in 2006 her ashes were exhumed and given to family who were 'going to Wangaratta'. Her memorial plaque at Benalla reads: 'Duffy nee Gerecke Auriel Edith died 30 July 1992 aged 76 years loved wife of Reg sister of Bert and Stan'.
Auriel's brother, Albert Edgar Gerecke (1917-95), was born in the Melbourne suburb of Port Albert and, after leaving school early, worked as a labourer in the Albury and Bechworth areas. The Department of Veterans Affairs' Second World War nominal roll shows that VX57966 Pte Albert Edgar Gerecke - pictured on the right - enlisted in the Australian Army at Royal Park in Melbourne on 18 June 1941. A week later he married Ida Mary Kneebone, youngest daughter of Eugene Kneebone (1864-1953) and Arabella Hamilton (1882-1967) of Everton near Beechworth. On returning to duty, he was allocated to the reinforcements for the 2/24th Infantry Battalion which at the time was involved in the defence of Tobruk. Albert probably joined the battalion when it was in Syria and would have travelled with it back to Egypt in order to help meet Rommel's new offensive. In August 1942, the family was informed that Albert had been killed in action leading it to post the following notices in the Melbourne Argus: 'Pte Albert E Gerecke reported killed in action in Egypt is the elder son of Mr A G Gerecke (late Victorian Police Force) of Jolimont. His brother Stanley (who is a member of the AIF was reported missing in Malaya (8 August 1942). 'GERECKE.-On July 22, VX57966 Pte Albert Gerecke, nephew of Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Smith (Bannerton) brother of our dear Stanley (A.I.F.), missing in Java. Some day we'll understand' (15 August 1942). The following report, published in the Catholic Advocate on 10 September the same year, showed the first reports were mistaken:
Vatican Radio Brings Good News Soldier Reported Killed a Prisoner of War Albert Gerecke had been reported killed in action. An acquaintance, listening to the short wave on Saturday last, heard the name mentioned on a Vatican Radio broadcast. He communicated with the parents, who began an anxious search of broadcasts in the hope of getting further information. After vain enquiries, they at last got in touch with Mrs. J. J. Daly, of the Catholic Welfare Organisation. A telegram was despatched to the Apostolic Delegation, through the Apostolic Delegation Prisoners of War Information Bureau. Immediately the following reply was received: "Vatican Radio, Saturday, September 5, broadcast Albert Gerecke, VX 57966, 47 Agnes-street, Jolimont, prisoner military hospital, Italy. Slightly wounded. Receiving good attention.
Along with hundreds of other POWs, Albert was repatriated to England at War's end and thence to Melbourne where he was discharged from the Army on 8 September 1945. The Australian electoral rolls whow that, at the time of the 1949 and 1954 elections, he and his wife Ida Mary were at 11 Roper Street in Mount Beauty near Yackandanda in Victoria where Albert was working as a storeman. Sometime after this they returned to Melbourne, living first in the suburb of Altona and later on Keilor. Ancestry's index of Australian bdms shows that Ida Mary Gerecke, aged 68, died at Emerald in Victoria in 1985. Albert died at Wangaratta in 1995 and is buried with Ida in the Wanaratta Cemetery. We believe they had one girl and two boys.
His military record in the Australian Archives shows that Stanley Gerecke enlisted in the Second AIF on 9 July 1940. He was born at Romsey in Victoria on 9 November 1917, was working as a farmer, and gave his father, August Granville Gerecke of the Village Bell Hotel in St Kilda, as his NOK. He was assigned to the 2/29th Infantry Battalion and was sent to Singapore with the Australian 8th Division. He landed at Singapore on 25 March 1942 and was posted as missing on 27 April the same year while serving in Java. He became a prisoner of war in September 1943 and served on the Burma Railway. In October 1945 he sailed from Singapore to Melbourne and was discharged from the Army in December the same year. Stanley married Nadine Shirley Robb (1925-2016). Frances Mills tells us that Stanley and Shirley had two children: Reuben Gerecke in 1948 and Lynette Gerecke in 1965. She adds that after the war, he and Shirley, who came from the Romsey area, lived at different times in Melbourne, Romsey, Benalla and Leongatha. The Australian electoral rolls show that Stanley, a tram employee, and Shirley were living at 400 Punt Road in South Yarra in Melbourne in 1949. They were at Romsey in 1954, Bena near Korumburra in 1958, 1963 and 1967 (where Stanley was working as a farmer), back at Romsey in 1968 (farmer), Lancefield near Bendigo in 1972 (farmer) together with a Reuben Frederick and Margaret Mary Gerecke (both working as process workers), and Benalla in 1977 and 1980 (farmer - Reuben, shop assistant and a Carol Ann Gerecke, typist, were also living at Benalla but at a different address). Shirley died at Cobram in 2016. Her death notices published in the Melbourne Herald Sun indicate she and Stanley by that time had nine grandchildren.
Joseph and Rebecca's second youngest son, Percival (Percy) Herbert Smith (1890-1961), spent his youth at Lalbert and then Bolinda where, his obituary tells us, 'he was well known as an athlete, having played football in both the Lalbert and Riddell Leagues and won a gold medal for the best and fairest player in the Riddell League in 1914'. In 1921 Percy married Mary Dorothy (Molly) Scanlon (1899-1947) probably at Springfield near Romsey although that has still to be confirmed. Born at Bendigo, Molly was the eldest daughter of a Springfield grazier, Bartholomew Henry Scanlon (1864-1943), and Bridget Alice O'Dwyer (1868-1962) who were married in Victoria in 1898. Melissa Holland tells us they had seven children in addition to Molly: Alice Veronica Parks (1900-92), Thomas Joseph (1901-91), Anne Catherine (1903-61), Margaret Green (born in 1905), Bridget (Biddy) Irwin (1907-95), Edmond Peter (1910-87) and John Paul Scanlon (1913-2000). She adds that Bartholomew and Bridget were both of Irish stock, their respective fathers, Thomas Scanlon (1825-82) and Edmund O'Dwyer (1833-1919), coming from County Limerick and CountyTipperary. Bartholomew and Bridget are buried together in the Roman Catholic cemetery at Kilmore in Victoria.
Percy's obituary adds that after their marriage he and Molly 'first resided at Rochford and later at Springfield, where [Percy] took great interest in farming right up until the time of his death'. After Molly's death in 1947, Percy married a widow, Ethel May Rowe nee Cox (1894-1989) and lived for a time in Melbourne where he died at Box Hill in 1961. Ancestry's Australian and New Zealand Find-a-Grave index shows Percy and Molly are both buried in the Lancefield cemetery in Victoria. According to the 'Smith' and a number of other family trees on Ancestry, they had two children as follows:
1) Maureen Dorothy Smith (1922-2008) who married a World War 2 veteran, William George Norfolk, in Victoria in 1943. The Department of Veterans Affairs' WW2 nominal roll shows Bill was born at Renmark in South Australia and enlisted in the Australian Army at Paddington in Sydney on 29 May 1940. He was then living at Coonabarabran in NSW and gave as his NOK his mother Sarah Norfolk. Bill was discharged on 28 September 1945 at which time he was a Lance Sergeant in 1AA CORPS SIGS. His and Maureen's engagement notice, published in the Melbourne Argus on 27 March 1943, indicates Bill had served in the Middle East during the war and his parents - Henry Samuel Norfolk (1889-1973) and Sarah Annie Slade (1892-1977) who were married at Burra in South Australia in 1911 - were then living at Wentworth in central NSW. The Australian electoral rolls show William and Maureen Norfolk nee Smith lived all their married lives at Bendigo where Bill worked as a PMG technician. They both died at Bendigo, Bill in 1991 and Maureen in 2008. Her tribute published in the Melbourne Herald Sun on 31 December 2008 reads: 'NORFOLK - Maureen. Loved sister of John (Jack), fond sister-in-law of Carmel, loving aunty of Kevin, Danny, Bernard, Maree, Brian and families. Daughter of Percy and Molly Smith, Springfield. A kind, caring lady now at rest'. Melissa Holland tells us Maureen and Bill had five children: Mary Norma Norfolk (1948-2003) and four others.
2) John (Jack) Percy Smith (1927-2020) married Carmel Veronica O'Sullivan (1926-2015) in Victoria in 1950. Carmel was the daughter of Eugene O'Sullivan (1885-1964) and Veronica Winifred Horan (1899-1965) who were married in Victoria in 1921 and had five children between then and 1929. Jack and Carmel worked all their married lives on the Smith family farm at Romsey. Carmel died at Kyneton in 2015 and Jack at Rochester in 2020. His tribute, published in the Melbourne Herald Sun on 10 November of that year reads: 'SMITH, John Percival 'Jack'. Passed away at Rochester Aged Care, late of 'Lalbert' Romsey. Dearly loved husband of Carmel (dec) and loving father of Kevin, Danny, Bernard, Maree and Brian (dec). Father-in-law to Sharon, Russell and Cathy. Pa to 6 grandchildren and 12 great grandchildren'. He and carmel are buried in the Lancefield cemetery along with their son Brian Damien Smith (1964-2013), whose gravestone tells us he was the 'loving son of John and Carmel, father of Emma, brother of kevin, Danny, Bernard and Maree'. The photo on the left which was provided by Melissa Smith (later Holland) shows her grandfather (Jack Smith), father, uncle, brother and new nephew. As Melissa notes, it demonstrates well that 'the Smith family name still goes on'. She adds that the farm at Romsey continues to be owned and run by members of the Smith family.
Joseph and Rebecca's youngest child, Mary Lilian Isobel Smith (1894-1979) was born at Bungeeluke North (she is pictured in two of the photos above, one with her mother and the other with her siblings John Albert and Richard Colmer Smith). She was living at 'Green Hills' at Bolinda at the time of her mother's death in 1914. We think that she might have then gone to Melbourne where she married James William Dowling (1891-1957) in around 1919. The son of Edward Simpson Dowling (1862-1937) and Christina Vaughan (1863-97), James was born at Gre Gre near St Arnaud in Central Victoria. His military record in the Australian National Archives shows that he enlisted in the First AIF at Broadmeadows in Melbourne on 2 May 1915. Allocated to the 2nd Australian General Hospital, he served with that unit in Egypt and France before being transferred to the 12th Field Ambulance at War's end. He returned to Australia on the SS Port Denison in March 1919. The Australian electoral rolls show that Lilian and James, who worked as a labourer, lived all their married lives in Melbourne, initially at Murrumbeena (most likely with Lilian's father, Joseph Smith, who died there in 1926) then Glen Humtley and finally 197 Koornang Road Carnegie where James died in 1957. The Southern Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust website shows he was buried at the Springvale Botanical Cemetery on 10 May 1957 (Church of England, Compartment N, Section 18, Grave 01). Lilian continued to live on Koonang Road until 1979. The Southern Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust website shows she was cremated at the Springvale Botanical Cemetery on 13 April 1979 and her ashes placed in James' grave. She and James had two boys:
1) Born at Carnegie in Melbourne, Rowett Stanley Dowling (1920-60) enlisted in the Australian Army at the nearby suburb of Armidale on 14 August 1940. He was discharged on 18 May 1943 at which time he was serving as a Sapper in the 3rd Field Park RAE. He lived with his parents after the war and worked as a brick layer. The Victorian index of BDMs shows he married Louise May Wyman (later Sturgess) in Victoria in 1957. Rowett died three years later and was buried with his father at the Springvale Botanical Cemetery on 29 December 1960. We don't think he and Louise had any children.
2) Also born at Carnegie, James Douglas (Doug) Dowling (1923-2013) served in the RAAF between February 1941 and March 1946 at which time he was in the Radio Development and Installation Unit. The 1949 electoral roll shows him living with his parents and, like his brother, working as a bricklayer. Later that year he married Dawn Elaine Poulton (1930-2012). According to the 'Dowling Family Tree' on Ancestry, Dawn was born at the inner-Melbourne suburb of Brunswick, the daughter of Lesley Albert Poulton (1893-1966) and Evelyn Maud Moncrieff who were married in Melbourne in 1919. The Australian electoral rolls show they moved around between their marriage and time of separation in around 1980: to Woorinen near Swan Hill and then back to Melbourne where they lived at Carnegie, Watsonia and Greensborough. The 'Dowling Family Tree' tells us Dawn died at Beaufort in Victoria in 2012 and Doug at Ferntree Gully the following year. His tribute, published in the Herald Sun on 16 May 2013, read: 'DOWLING - James Douglas (Doug) Passed away peacefully at Amaroo Gardens, Ferntree Gully on Tuesday, May 14 2013, aged 90 years. Loved husband of Edna. Loving father and father-in-law of Doug and Sandra, Lynne and Lynton, Jodie and Chris, Meridith and Paul. Adored Grandpa to his grandchildren and great grandchildren. Loved Stepfather to John and Candy, Steven and Janet, Glenn and Susan, Janet and Clive and their families.
|Hickmott family Rootsweb site||Henry Edward Hickmott|
|Emma and Eliza Hickmott||More Smith family photographs|
|First Families Home Page||First Families Index|
'Rebecca Smith (nee Hickmott) at Green Hills, Bolinda 12 February 1913', courtesy of James Margetts.
'Joseph Colmer Smith', 'Rebecca with youngest daughter Lilian', 'John Albert and Eliza Grace Smith', 'Al and Gracie Smith and family', and 'wedding of Richard Colmer Smith and Hilda Alice Fidge', courtesy of Lisa Sukra.
'Gravestone of Tryphema Smith' and 'Joseph Robert and Susan Margaret Smith nee Dickens', from Jan and Janine Power's Lalbert Reflections.
'Four generations of Smiths', courtesy of Melissa Smith.
'Christopher and Selina Harrison nee Smith' and a young Selina Smith, courtesy of Kathryn Jones-Lucas.
'Albert Edgar Gerecke', taken from the 'Mulveney Keady Quinlan Collins Family Tree' on Ancestry.
'Dulcie Smith nee Frost with her great granddaughter, Rebecca Summers' and 'Valerie Emily Summers nee Smith', from the 'Rebecca Summers family tree' on Ancestry.