(last updated 24 July 2021)
In around 1909 Henry Edward Hickmott and his wife Elizabeth moved from Victoria to Western Australia where they had purchased a farm, which they named 'Dingley Dell', eight miles east of the inland town of Brookton. Three of Henry and Elizabeth's grown-up children - William Henry, John Edward and Edith Olive Hickmott - elected not to go with their parents and remained in Victoria. Their remaining children all relocated to the West and established their own livelihoods and families there. Detailed below is what we know about Sophia Elizabeth, Florence Mary and Alice Ann Hickmott. Click here for information about about George Alfred, Ruby Minnie, Ella Adeline and Rebecca Elsie Hickmott.
1. Sophia Elizabeth Hickmott (1879-1973)
Born at Charlton in Victoria in 1879, Sophia (pictured on the left) married George William Lewis there in 1898. Some twenty years older than his wife, George was born at Merino in Victoria, the eldest son of George Sugden Price Lewis (1815-77) and Catherine Ellen McGuire (1848-1933). George and Sophia had three children in Victoria - Gladys May Lewis (1900-2) who died at Lalbert, Henry Norman ('Harry') Lewis (1901-76) and Vivian Price Lewis (1906-87) - before moving to Western Australia sometime before 1910. Family folklore has it that George was killed in a road accident not long after they arrived in Perth although we have found no record to support this (some family researchers believe he died in Busselton in Western Australia in 1955 although this has not been confirmed). Whatever the circumstances, Sophia and her two sons stayed on in Western Australia where, the election rolls show, Harry Lewis worked as a cabinet maker and joiner and his younger brother, Vivian, as a labourer and French polisher. Harry married Rosetta Mary Hyde (1901-59), daughter of Silas Augustus and Alice Louisa Hyde nee York, in Perth in 1924 and had three children we are aware of: Joyce Rose, Lorna Mabel and Harry Lewis jnr. Vivian married Mary Isabella ('Molly') Reid (1909-69) in Perth in 1931 and had two sons: Barry Charles and Stanley James Lewis (who recently retired as Chairman of ASG, a multi-million dollar IT Services Company based in Perth).
In 1919 Sophia was said to have married a returned serviceman, Charles Henry Carter (1877-1958), although, again, we have not been able to find a record of this event. Charles was then working for the Western Australian railways. He had been born at Hindmarsh in South Australia in 1877, the son of Edward and Ethel Mary Carter nee Ranger. Records held at the Australian Archives show he enlisted in the First AIF on 4 June 1916 at Blackboy Hill in Western Australia. He was 37 years old and nominated as his NOK Elizabeth Sophia Carter of Victoria Park in Perth. He was assigned to the 7th reinforcements for the 51st Battalion and embarked for overseas service on the HMAT ARGYLESHIRE which left Fremantle on 9 November 1916. Charles served in France and Belgium (where he probably participated in the battles of Messines and Polygon Wood) before suffering a gunshot wound to the left eye on 12 October 1917. This resulted in him being repatriated to England on the hospital ship ST ANDREW. There he spent time at Harefield and Weymouth before being returned to Australia on the DUNVEGAN CASTLE and discharged from the Army at Perth on 24 June 1918. He was subsequently awarded a service pension of 45 shillings per fortnight.
The Australian electoral rolls show that after their marriage Sophia and Charles lived at Victoria Park, Rivervale and Triggs Island in Perth. The WA Metropolitan Cemeteries Board index shows that Charles Henry Carter died at Triggs Island on 28 March 1958, aged 80 years. He was cremated and his ashes 'taken by war graves at Karrakatta Cemetery'. Sophia died at Osborne Park in Perth on 27 February 1973, aged 94 years. She is memorialised in the Karrakatta Cemetery's Garden of Remembrance (Crematorium Rose Gardens, Garden 29, Position 52). She and Charles had two children: Reginald Charles ('Reg') Carter, who was born at Guildford in Western Australia on 1 July 1913, and Dorothy Florence Elizabeth Carter who was born in Perth in 1919.
Reg Carter married Joyce O'Shannassy (1918-74) in Perth in 1937 (the couple's wedding photo is shown below). One of four daughters of William O'Shannassy (1879-1935) and Agnes Winifred McHugh (1892-1962), Joyce was born in Perth in 1918. She and Reg had only one child, Norman Carter, who was born in 1938. Reg's sister, Dorothy, married Keith Leonard Tate (1918-89) in Perth in 1940. According to the 'Davies' and a number of other family trees on Ancestry, Keith's father was Oriel Lee Tate (1883-1943), who had married Edith Matilda Marchant in the Geraldton registration district of Western Australia in 1914. Oriel's great grandparents, George Tate (1796-1835) and Elizabeth Mary Kell (1790-1827), who were married at Bowden in Roxburghshire in Scotland in 1815, sailed with their two eldest children from Ireland to the colony of NSW on the sailing ship MINERVA. This left Cork in January 1819 and arrived at Sydney Cove in December the same year. Oriel's grandfather, George Kell Tate (1819-1903), was born on the voyage out. Before settling down in Sydney, George snr worked on John Oxley's Kirkham estate near Camden.
The Australian electoral rolls show Dorothy and Keith Tate, who worked as a labourer and store man, lived all their married lives in Perth where they had three children we are aware of: Keith Reginald, Reginald Charles and a daughter who married Lloyd Davies (1945-85), eldest son of Arthur Norman Davies (1913-90) and Florence May Pearson (1914-2016). Arthur Davies came from Dangin near Beverley in the Western Australian wheatbelt region and married Florence in Perth in 1942. The Perth Metropolitan Cemeteries Board website indicates that Dorothy Tate nee Carter died on 31 January 2017 aged 97 years. She was cremated in Perth and her ashes taken by the administrator of the Pinnaroo Valley Memorial Park. It further shows a Keith Reginald Tate (1956-2010) was also cremated in Perth and his are ashes memorialised at Pinnaroo Valley Memorial Park.
All of Sophia's sons and her only son-in-law served in the Army during the Second World War. According to the Department of Veterans Affairs' WWII Nominal Roll, Cpl Harry Lewis enlisted at Karrakatta in Western Australia on 19 August 1942 and served with 7 Workshop and Park Company until his discharge from the Army on 7 November 1945. His brother, Sgt Vivian Lewis, enlisted at Perth on 19 July 1941 and served on the HQ Western Area until 21 January 1946. Sophia's son-in-law, Pte Keith Leonard Tate enlisted at Claremont on 16 July 1940 and served in the LHQ School of Infantry until his discharge on 18 September 1945. Sophia's youngest son, Pte Reginald Charles Carter enlisted at Claremont and was allocated to the 2/4 Machine Gun Battalion of the 8th Infantry Division (Reg is pictured in his uniform on the right). In December 1941 Reg and his unit were sent to Singapore where he became a prisoner of war one month later. After spending time at Changi POW camp, he and other members of Dunlop or 'D' Force were sent by train from Singapore to Banpong in Malaya where they detrained and were force-marched into Siam (Thailand) to work on the infamous Thai-Burma railway. He died in Thailand from the effects of malaria on 18 February 1945, one of some 260 members of his unit who succumbed to illness and disease. According to a subsequent report in the West Australian newspaper, one of his colleagues informed Joyce that Reg's funeral was 'one of the biggest in Siam with more than 400 diggers attending and heaping the grave with flowers'. In 1946 his body was exhumed from the local camp burial ground and re-buried in the Kanchanaburi War Cemetery in Thailand.
Norman tells us that after the war Joyce became estranged from his father's side of the family. Coming from a strong Catholic family, Norman was sent to the Christian Brothers College in Perth. In spite of his mother's estrangement, Norman spent much time with his paternal grandmother who remained in close contact with her parents and siblings and their families. He recalls that 'from 1942 I along with the other grandchildren from the Hickmott marriages all went to the farm at Brookton WA along with Sophia's sister Ella who lived in Perth with her husband Robert and one daughter, Wilma'. The photo shown below on the right of a young Norman seated on 'Bubbles' was taken during one of these visits. Sophia also remained in close contact with her Victorian siblings. One of her most treasured contacts took place in 1946 when she and Charles, together with Ella and Robert, travelled to Victoria where, as the photo below records, they were reunited with William and Frances Hickmott and their growing family. Norman eventually left Western Australia and lived and worked with his partner in Great Britain for a time before returning to Australia where they settled in the Southern Highlands of NSW.
The photo on the left is of Reginald Charles Carter and Joyce O'Shannassy at their wedding in 1937.
The one on the right is of their son Norman Carter seated on 'Bubbles'. It was taken at Brookton Farm in 1942.
Norman tells us that his father, who was captured by the Japanese in Malaya and sent to work on the Burma railway,
'eventually received it from the Red Cross ... the photograph is now at the War Memorial in Canberra
along with other of his possessions'.
Sent to us by Norman Carter this photo was taken at Ouyen in Victoria in 1946. It is of William and Frances Hickmott and
their family during a visit by some of William's Western Australian relatives. Those we have identified to date are:
Standing from R/L: Gladys Blake nee Hickmott, William Hickmott, Robert Bowron, Ella Bowron nee Hickmott,
Sophia Carter nee Hickmott, Grace Dean nee Hickmott (nursing unknown), Charles Carter, possibly Wilfred 'Forty'
Hickmott, 'Judy' Milkins nee Hickmott, Francis 'Ginge' Hickmott, Lorna Hickmott, Frances Hickmott nee Free,
Ruby 'Muriel' Hickmott nee Emmerson, John Hickmott and possibly Mavis Hickmott.
Kneeling or sitting (L/R): possibly Ralph Hickmott, Alan Dean, June Hickmott, Jennifer and Marion Milkins and
Winifred Dean (being nursed, probably, by Herbert Dean.)
Click here to see more photos of Sophia and her family.
2. Florence Mary Hickmott (1882-1977)
Born at Charlton in 1882, Florence married Richard Austin (1875-1940) at Cottosloe in Perth in 1904. According to one of their descendants, John Austin, Richard's parents, William George Austin and Mary Ann Joyce, came respectively from London and County Mayo in Ireland. They had eight children in addition to Richard, all born in Melbourne.
The electoral rolls show that Florence and Richard, who worked as an accountant, were living at Claremont in 1906 and Subiaco in Perth in 1910. By the time of the 1925 election they were living at different addresses in Subiaco. Sometime after this Florence moved to Victoria to live.
The 1931 electoral roll shows a Florence Mary and Horace Lionel Wilmshurst, salesman, living on Bracken Street in Caulfield in Melbourne. With them was Florence's daughter Mavis Florence Austin who was described as a 'retoucher'. Subsequent electoral rolls show that Florence and Horace were living at 5 Newstead Street in Caulfield in 1942, in Gisborne in country Victoria in 1949 and on William Street in Ferntree Gully in 1958. Although still to be confirmed, we think that Horace may have died there the following year. The 1963 electoral roll has Florence living by herself at 11 Rosamond Street in Ripponlea in Melbourne. By the time of the 1972 election she was at 5 Gray Street in Geelong. It seems that she eventually moved to Swan Hill where she died in 1977. The photo on the left, which comes from the 'Wilmshurst' family tree on Ancestry.com, is of Florence a few years before her death.
We don't think Florence and Horace had any children. According to John Austin she and and Richard had four daughters all born in Perth: Gladys Joyce Elizabeth, Mavis Florence Catherine, Elsie Lilian and Olive Rose Austin. The following details of them and their families have been drawn from a number of sources including especially John Austin's family trees on Rootsweb and Ancestry.com.
1. Born in Perth in 1905, Gladys married Albert Edward Holdsworth there in 1925. According to the 'holdsworth family tree' on Ancestry.com, Albert was born at Donald in Victoria in 1901, the son of Edwin Holdsworth (1856-1919) and Margaret Ellen Wallace (1857-1923). The 1936/7 electoral roll shows Gladys and Albert living at Glenwood Farm at Collie in WA (Albert was the farm manager there). The 1943 and subsequent rolls has them farming land at Wyalkatchem located some 190 kilometres northeast of Perth. Albert Edward Holdsworth died and was buried at Wyalkatchem in 1982. Gladys died there on 28 October 1988, aged 84 years. The inscription on her grave at Wyalkatchem Cemetery tells us she was the 'wife of Albert, mother of Aussie, Bob, Miriam, Royce, Elissa, Des, Wendy, Jenny, John. [and] Friend of Leon.' We know from the 'Reverse WA Marriage index' and other sources that Albert Austin ('Aussie') Holdsworth married Rita Joan Anderson in Perth in 1954 and had at least one child; Robert Richard Holdsworth married Mavis Begley in 1951; Royce Vivian Holdsworth married Yvonne Anderson in the Perth RD in 1958; Desmond Holdsworth married Barbara Joan Coombs in Fremantle in 1963; and an Elissa Margaret Holdsworth married Maurice Roland Fratel in the Perth RD in 1954.
2. Mavis was born in Perth on 22 October 1907. The 1931 and 1936/7 electoral rolls show her living at 1 Bracken Road in the Melbourne suburb of Caulfield with her mother, Florence Mary Wilmshurst, and working as a 'retoucher'. She was at 5 Newstead Street in Caulfield in 1942. Ancestry's index of Australian bdms show that Mavis Florence Catherine Austin married William Leo Gattenhof in 1944. Although still to be confirmed, we think William was born at Ashfield in Sydney in 1909, the son of Percy Charles Gattenhof and Mary Bruhn Hedwig who were married at Kalgoorlie in Western Australia in 1904. The 1949 and 1954 rolls show Mavis and William Leo Gattenhof, storeman, living at 13 Smith Crescent in Wangaratta. Sometime after this they moved to New South Wales, the electoral rolls for that state showing them living on Renfrew Road in Werri Beach (near Berry) in 1958, 73 Wamboin Street in Gilgandra in 1963, and 10 Alleena Street in Moambee near Sawtell in 1980 (with them then was a Morris William Gattenhof, labourer, who, according to John Austin, was their eldest son. John adds that they had another another child still living). It seems that William died in Queensland in 1990 and Mavis in New South Wales nine years later.
3. Born at Leederville in WA in 1911, Elsie was living with her mother at 1 Bracken Road in Caulfield at the time of the 1936 and 1937 elections and working as a saleswoman. In 1939 she married at Caulfield Charles Edward Burke (1902-1983). The 1943 electoral roll shows Elsie and Charles, a public servant, living at 22 Mills Street in Camberwell in Melbourne. They continued to live in Melbourne until sometime between 1968 and 1972 when they moved to Labrador in Queensland. They were still at Labrador in 1977, the year Elsie died. Charles died in Sydney in 1983. He and Elsie had two children we are aware of: Austin Charles Burke (1940-2006) who was twice married and had five children in all, and Lindsay Owen Burke who worked as an industrial chemist and was living in Sydney at the time of the 1980 election.
4. Born in Perth in 1914, Olive moved with her mother and two older sisters to Melbourne where she married John Joseph Ivers (1904-1974) in 1935. The 1942 electoral roll shows John, then a soldier, and Olive living on North Road in the Melbourne suburb of North Clayton. By 1963 they had moved to Swan Hill where John was working as an ambulance superintendant. They continued to live at Swan Hill until John's death there in 1974. According to the 'Hall Family Tree' on Ancestry.com, Olive died in Bendigo in Victoria in 2005. John Austin tells us that she and John had five children: Ruth Elsa Ivers (1943-1990) and four others still living.
From the Applin Family Tree on Ancestry, this photo, taken at Katanning in 1941, is of the two Hickmott sisters:
Florence Mary Wilsmhurst and Alice Annie Weise.
3. Alice Ann Hickmott (1884-1948)
Alice was born at Charlton in 1884 and married Johann Otto Weise (1880-1947) at the Mechanics' Institute at Lalbert in Victoria in 1910. They were married according to the rites of the Australian Methodist Church by a Louis Illender Fielding. The wedding was witnessed by Alice's brother, William Henry Hickmott, and an Emma Elizabeth Owen. There is some confusion over Otto's parentage. The couple's wedding certificate, contained on the Weise Family Tree on Ancestry, tells us Otto was born at Wooroonook in Victoria and his parents were Gottleib Weise (1836-1926) and Louisa Verner (1839-1913). The following report in the Ariah Park News suggests his father may have been Gustav Weise (1833-1924):
Ariah Park News (Thurs, 1 May 1924). The Late G. Weise. The subject of our notice, who passed away on the 9th April at the ripe old age of 91, came to Australia in the 50's. and settled at Mt. Moriac near Geelong, Victoria, where he resided for a number of years, eventually selecting land at West Charlton, where he carried on farming for over 20 years. Selling his property, he again selected land at Lalbert and after meeting with much success as a result of his labors, he again sold and retired from active farm life. Just on 20 years ago he came to live with his son, Mr J. G. Weise, Ariah Park, with whom he resided up to the time of his demise. His wife predeceased him by 40 years, she being buried at West Charlton. Mrs J. G. Weise was unfailing, in her attentions to the old gentleman, and by her devotion earned his ever-lasting gratitude and the admiration of her home folk and neighbours. The following sons and daughters, with whom much genuine sympathy is felt, survive him: Mrs H. Blum, Berriwillock; Mrs W. Rabey, Melbourne; Mrs. C. Casey, St. Arnaud; Mr J. G. Weise, Ariah Park; Mr Gus Weise, Albert; Mr A. Weise, Culgoa; and Mr O. Weise, Boyup Brook, West Australia. There are 41 grandchildren.
The latter possibility is supported by the fact that the Australian electoral rolls show Otto and a Gustav Weise working as blacksmiths at Lalbert at the time of the 1903, 1905 and 1909 elections (Gustav was probably Otto's brother rather than his father). Of course Gustav snr and Gottlieb may have been the same person although Otto's siblings listed by the Weise Family Tree does not fully accord with those detailed in the Ariah Park News article. The 1912, 1913 and war-time electoral rolls have Otto, a farmer, and Alice Annie Weise living at 'The Gums' near the Western Australian wheat-belt town of East Pingelly (near where Alice's parents and some of her siblings had also settled). By 1922 Otto had given up farming and was working as a blacksmith and carpenter's labourer at Boyop Brook where he and Alice were then living. The 1931 to 1943 electoral rolls have them registered as living at Katanning, initially on Daping Street then Albion Street and, in 1943, on Austral Terrace. During this time Otto worked as a labourer, carpenter and blacksmith. They eventually moved to Mount Lawley where Otto died in 1947 and Alice the following year.
Notices honouring Otto published in The West Australian on 6 Sep 1947 tell us he was the 'loving father of Owen, father-in-law of Leaf and grandfather of Barbara and Susan'; 'loving father of Betty and Bill and loving Poppa of Kaye'; 'dearly beloved father of Muriel, father-in-law of Rex and grandfather of Diane'; and the 'dearly beloved father of Thelma. Father-in-law of Tom and grandfather of Faye, Lola and Kerry'. Alice's death notice, published in The West Australian on 18 and 23 March 1948, reads: 'WEISE: On March 16 1948 at Perth. Alice Annie Weise of 5 Third Avenue Mount Lawley, widow of the late Otto Weise, fond mother of Thelma, Owen, Verna, Betty, Bill and Muriel, mother-in-law of Tom, Leaf, Frank and Rex, loved grandma of Faye, Lola, Lynn, Kerry, Kaye, Barbara, Susan, Diane and Denise; aged 63 years'. According to the Find-a Grave website, Otto and Alice are buried/memorialsed together in the Karrakatta Cemetery in Perth (Memorial ID 171094350). It also states their children were: Thelma Elizabeth Louisa Applin, Henry Hickmott Owen Weise, Verna Hope Taylor, Elizabeth (Betty) Valma Quartermaine later Tate, William Arthur Weise and Muriel Faith Egerton-Warburton.
Known details of Alice and Otto's children are described below. Their four youngest children are pictured with Otto in the following photo. Click here to see a photo of Alice with her then two youngest grandchildren.
From the Applin Family Tree on Ancestry, this photo, taken in 1939, shows Johann Otto Weise (1880-1949) with four
of his six children: (L/R): Muriel Faith, Elizabeth Valma ('Betty'), Verna Hope and William Arthur ('Bill') Weise.
1) Thelma Elizabeth Louise Weise (1910-2007)
Born at Pingelly in 1910, Alice and Otto's eldest daughter married Thomas Applin (1908-86), the youngest son of Thomas Edwin Applin (1868-1939) and Agnes Moore (1868-1958), at Katanning on 21 January 1935 (Thomas and Thelma's wedding photo is pictured on the left. The photo on the right is of Thomas taken at around the same time). The Applin Family Tree on Ancestry tells us Thomas was born at Monks Green Farm outside Hertford in Hertfordshire in 1908. Four years later he and his parents and eight siblings sailed from Liverpool to Fremantle in Western Australia. The Australian electoral rolls show the family headed straight to the township of Katanning located some 270km southeast of Perth where Thomas' father took up dairy farming. In 1916, Thomas' older brother, Robert Harry Applin, sailed back to England after enlisting in the First AIF. Sadly he was killed in action on 12 October the following year while serving with the 48th Infantry Battalion at Paschendaele. Click here to see a photo of Robert Harry in uniform. Robert and Thomas' older brother, Edward James Applin (1893-1917) had tried to enlist in the Army in 1915 but was rejected as medically unfit. He died at Katanning from the effects of valvular heart disease on 3 July 1917.
Thomas Applin was working as a shop assistant at Katanning when he courted and married Thelma Weise. Their wedding took place in the local Anglican church and was duly reported on by The Southern Districts Advocate as follows:
To the strains of the "Wedding March" the bride entered the church on the arm of Mr N. Wells (who gave her away) in the absence of her father. She was exquisitely gowned in white morocain, fashionably pin-tucked to fit the figure, with trimmings of kilting at neck and sleeves: Her beautiful veil was held in place with a coronet of orange blossom. She carried an artificial bouquet of white roses and maiden hair fern. The bride was attended by Miss Ethel Stallwood, smartly dressed in flowing blue lace, fashioned on close fitting lines, the skirt inlet with godets to form fullness. She wore a crinoline picture hat of same blue, with grey shoes, stockings, and gloves to match. She also carried an artificial bouquet of pink and white roses, entwined with maiden hair fern. The train-bearer, Miss Muriel Weise (youngest sister of the bride), looked sweet in her pretty frock of deep saxe blue, with pink sash, and head band, ' and she also carried a bouquet'of pink roses. The duties of best' man were performed by Mr S. C. Barclay. After the service the wedding march was played by Mr Gordon Beeck, who presided at the organ. The reception was held at the Masonic Hall, where relatives and friends were received by Mrs Weise (mother of the bride), who was dressed in black reversible satin relieved with white, and black hat to match. She was attended by Mrs Applin (mother off the bridegroom), who wore navy blue morocain with beige trimming arid black hat to tone; both carrying posies of mixed roses and fern. The usual toasts were honored, with Mr A. Barclay carrying out the duties of master of ceremonies; then came the cutting of the beautiful three-tiered wedding cake (made by the bride's mother). After the reception, the tables were cleared and the hall was partaken of for dancing, t to the music supplied by Mr F. Martin, until a late hour, when supper was indulged in and the bride and bridegroom retired to leave for their honeymoon, which is being spent touring through Perth and the South-West, the bride travelling in a frock of floral pink and white morocain, with white hat, shoes and gloves, to match. After the joining of hands and the singing of "For They Are Jolly Good Fellows,"' followed by "Auld Lang Syne," the happy couple left mid shower of confetti and rattling of kerosene tins. Many useful and handsome presents, including several cheques, were received by the happy couple.
Four years after this joyous event, Thomas' father, Thomas Edwin Applin, died at Katanning and was buried in the local cemetery (Section E, Grave 129). The following obituary, published in the Great Southern Herald on 2 December 1939, provides an interesting summary of his and his family's life and times in the West:
His many friends in the Katanning and surrounding districts were grieved to learn of the death of Mr T. E. Applin, which took place at his residence on Wednesday, November 22, following a sudden heart seizure and collapse. Deceased, who was 72 years of age, had lived an active and varied life, which was sustained to the last in spite of his advancing years. He arrived in Katanning 27 years ago with his wife and family of five boys and four girls, after voyaging from the Old Country on board the S.S. Belgic, which carried 1,500 migrants for Australia. His family, incidentally, was the largest one on board the vessel. After gaining local experience around Katanning, Mr Applin selected land about 15 miles from Nyabing, which he farmed for a number of years. Just prior to the Great War, his eldest son, Edward (Ted), suffered a breakdown in health and died after a long illness, and on the outbreak of hostilities his second son, Robert, enlisted with the A.I.F. He went overseas and was killed in action. The family then persuaded their father to leave the farm and come to Katanning; and it was here that he started what is known today as the Monk's Green stud. From a very modest beginning (two cows in a back yard), he succeeded by hard work and diligence in becoming the proud owner of one of the finest dairy herds in the State. He was a highly successful exhibitor in local and district shows, where his splendid Ulawarra Shorthorns were universally admired. In this achievement he was ably assisted by his wife, two youngest sons, Victor and Tom, and a daughter, who have lost a good husband and father, while his wide circle of friends will regret the passing of a true Britisher.
The Applin Family Tree on Ancestry tells us Thomas Edwin's wife, Agnes Applin nee Moore, died at Katanning on 29 November 1968 aged 90 years and was buried with Thomas in the Katanning Cemetery. As noted earlier, she and Thomas snr had eight children in addition to our Thomas: Edward James Applin (1893-1917), Amelia Wells (1895-1973), Robert Harry Applin (1896-1917), Lilian Christian Brade (1898-1996), Arthur George Applin (1900-92), Freda Applin (1902-90), Priscilla Daniels (1905-85) and Philip Victor Applin (1906-73).
The Australian Electoral Rolls show that Thelma and Thomas lived all their married lives at Katanning where Thomas worked variously as a shop assistant and milkman. Thomas died in Perth in 1986 but is buried at Katanning along with Thelma who died there in 2007 (the photo on the right shows her with two of her great grandchildren shortly before her death). She and Thomas had three children we are aware of: 1) Audrey Faye Applin who was born in December 1935 and was twice married. Her first husband was a local farmer, Thomas John Harrison (1935-62), who she married at Katanning in 1956 and who died there six years later. Thomas is buried in the Katanning cemetery where his headstone informs us he was the: 'Beloved husband of Faye [and] Loved Father of Kerry Anne'. Faye's second husband was another farmer, Eric Desmond Lake Wickland (1927-2014) of 'Spring Hill' in Kirup south of Bunbury, who she married sometime before 1968. The Billion Graves website shows that Eric died in 2014 and is buried in the Donnybrook cemetery at Upper Capel. We don't know if he and Faye had any children. 2) Lola Naomi Applin who was born in August 1938 and married a carpenter, Frederick James Bielby (1932-2012), at Katanning in 1957. The 'Bielby Family Tree' on Ancestry tells us Frederick was the eldest son of a Yorkshire man, James Edward Bielby (1910-91) who sailed from London to Western Australia on the steam ship OSTERLEY in 1928 and was working at Katanning as a farm labourer when he married Winifred Gertrude Mary Lawes(1906-90) there in 1932. Born in London, Winifred had emigrated to Western Australia in 1912. She and James had three children in addition to Frederick. His death notice published in The West Australian on 20 November 2012 tells us Frederick 'Passed away peacefully at Katanning District Hospital. Beloved husband of Lola for 55 years. Loving father and father-in-law of Wayne and Wendy, Robyn and Steve, Gary and Caroline'. 3) Thomas Kerry Applin who was born in January 1941 and seems also to have been twice married: to Valerie Green in Perth in 1964 and later to Leslie Gay Unknown.
2) Henry Hickmott Owen Weise (1914-2000)
Born at Pingelly in 1914, Owen later lived at Katanning where he would have attended school with his future wife Beryl Leaf Thompson (1914-2004). A report in The Southern Districts Advocate (dated 11 February 1935) indicates that after finishing his schooling, Owen worked on the staff of Messrs Richardson and Co. Ltd before being appointed to the Education Department and employed at the Katanning State School (as an assistant monitor in 1935 and a monitor in 1936). The Australian electoral rolls show Leaf was then living and working as a primary school teacher at Bunbury. According to the 'McLellan/Cribb Family Tree' on Ancestry, her parents were John Thomas McLennan ('Jack') Thompson (1878-1963) and Hannah Eliza Kinnersley (1881-1971) who were married at Ballarat in Victoria in 1906 and came to Western Australia three years later. It adds that Leaf's paternal grandparents, Alexander Thompson (1855-1934) from Donegal in Ireland, and Christina Mona Skene McLellan (1848-96) from Nairnshire in Scotland, were married at Coghill's Creek in Victoria in 1878. Her maternal grandparents, Thomas Hall Kinnersley (1845-90) from Easington in Staffordshire, and Barbara Stewart McLellan (1855-1911) who was born at Willunga in South Australia, were married at Ballarat in 1873. Christina and Barbara were sisters whose parents, John McLellan (1818-1907) and Babara Fraser (1818-84), were married in Nairnshire in 1838 and emigrated to South Australia in 1854. The photo on the left shows Leaf's father, Jack Thompson, with his younger brother Samuel and their brother-in-law Sampson David ('Sam') Kinnersley.
The Department of Veterans Affairs' WW2 nominal roll shows Henry Hickmott Owen Weise enlisted in the Australian Army at Katanning on 24 February 1941 and transferred into the RAAF at Perth in 1942, the same year he married Leaf in Western Australia's Wellington registration district. The 1943 electoral roll has Leaf Weise living with her parents on Swanstone Street in Collie where she was working as an assistant teacher on supply at the Collie infants school. Owen was registered as living with his parents at Katanning and working as a clerk. After his discharge from the Air Force in February 1945 Owen and Leaf lived for a time at Katanning before moving to Wembley Park in Perth where Owen worked as an accountant and Leaf as a teacher on supply at Swanbourne and Cottisloe primary schools. From 1960 onward they lived at Floreat Park where Owen was employed as a company secretary and Leaf taught at the local primary school. The WA Metropolitan Cemeteries Board index shows that Owen and Leaf both died at City Beach in Perth, he on 19 August 2000, aged 86 years, and she on 1 November 2004, aged 90 years. They are memorialised in the Garden of Remembrance at Karrakatta (Crematorium Rose Garden 20C, position 108). As described in Otto Weise's death notices above, they had two daughters: Barbara, who we think taught at Manjimup primary school from 1965 to 1968, and Susan Joy Weise who was working as a bank officer at the time of the 1968 election. The 'Wittber Family Tree' on Ancestry tells us both girls are married and provided their beloved parents with a total of six grand children to fuss over.
3) Verna Hope Weise (1920-2014)
Born probably at Pingelly in Western Australia in 1920, Verna married Francis Alwynne ('Frank') Taylor (1909-87) at nearby Katanning in 1940. His military record shows Frank was born at Port Hedland in Western Australia on 20 December 1909. The Weise Family Tree on Ancestry tells us his parents were William Innes Taylor (1877-1955) and Frances Matilda Skillen (1876-1950) who were married in Victoria in 1899. The Australian Electoral Rolls show Frank was living at Geraldton with his parents in 1931 and working as a store assistant. The Department of Veterans Affairs' WWII nominal roll shows he enlisted in the RAAF at Mount Hawthorn on 9 April 1942 and served until 17 December 1945. At the time of his discharge he a Leading Aircraftman at HQ Western Area. The electoral rolls indicate that Frank working as a clerk both in the Air Force and as a civilian. Both during and immediately after the war, he and Verna at Leederville with their son, Lynn Francis Taylor who was born at Katanning in 1940. From the 1950s onwards, the family lived at Scarborough where Frank continued to work as a clerk and their son as a factory worker and orderly. Once Lynn had grown up and started working, Verna also worked, as a machinist.
The WA Cemeteries Board index shows that a Frank, aged 77, died in in the Perth suburb of Armadale on 26 June 1987. Verna died at Mundaring on 21 December 2014. Both she and Frank were cremated and are memorialised at the Karrakatta Cemetery in Perth (VC Section, Wall 20, position 001). Their son Lynn posted the following notice in the West Australian after his mother's death: 'TAYLOR (Verna Hope Weise): No words enough what you meant to us, for the loss felt. Great Mum, friend. You and Dad took me home, heart, became family, ours. Lynn, Le, Natelle, Danae, Jono, Kynan, Bailey, Tenniel, Lee, Luca, Dakin. You are now with Dad and Tim. Rest in Peace Lynn and Carmen.'
4) Elizabeth Valma ('Betty') Weise
Betty was born at Katanning in 1924 and married another local, Ford Robinson Quartermaine (1920-45), there in 1942. Ford's parents were Andrew Raymond Frederick Quartermaine (1883-1963) and Mary Louise bain (1883-1979). His military record in the Australian Archives service records show that Ford, who worked as a railway employee at the time, enlisted in the RAAF on 17 February 1942. His NOK, Elizabeth Valma Quatermaine, was then living at Austral Terrace in Katanning (presumably with her parents). The records also show that they had a daughter, Kaye Wanda Quartermaine, who was born on 10 January 1943. Ford died from an electric shock from an air cooled generating set at Tarakan in Boreo in 1945.
Betty and other family members posted memorial notices in the the West Australian on the first anniversary of Ford's death. Betty's read: 'QUARTERMAINE. F. S. (LAC RAAF). Treasured memories always of our darling husband and Daddy, Ford, who was accidentally killed, Tarakan, June 18. 1945. Loved and longed for always by his loving wife and little daughter, Betty and Kaye.' The 'Reverse' WA Marriage lookup website shows that Elizabeth remarried in 1948, to Ewan Thomas Tate, the brother of her cousin-in-law Frank Leonard Tate (who, as described above, married Dorothy Florence Elizabeth Carter in Perth in 1919). The electoral rolls for Western Australia show that she and Ewan, who worked as a mechanic and later a fitter, lived at Coomberdale until around 1972 and thereafter at Riverdale. We don't know if they had any children.
5) William Arthur ('Bill') Weise (1926-97)
Bill was born at Boyup Brook in Western Australia in 1926. The Department of Veterans Affairs' nominal roll for World War 2 shows he enlisted in the RAAF at Mount Hawthorn in Perth on 1 April 1944 and was discharged on 4 March 1946. He was then serving as a Leading Aircraftsman in 1 TAF Tele U. The 1949 electoral roll for Mount Hawthorn has a William Arthur Weise, student, registered at 90 Same Avenue. The Papua and New Guinea Gazettes contained on Trove show that a William Arthur Weise served in the PNG public service in Port Moresby between at least 1953 and 1973 (when he was in the Department of the Chief Minister and Development Administration). While in PNG he met and married his wife Norma or 'Robbie' as she was known. Although still to be confirmed, we think Robbie was Norma Joan Robinson (1922-97) who was born at Merewether in Newcastle in NSW, the daughter of two locals, Norman Joseph Robinson (1891-1958) and Irene Margaret McGlynn (1898-1980), who were married in Newcastle in 1918. The Department of Veterans Affairs' WW2 nominal roll tells us Robbie served in the Womens Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF) from September 1943 to December 1945. At the time of the 1949 election she was back living with her parents in Newcastle and working as a stenographer. According to a memorial notice published in Garamut, the newsletter of the Gold Coast PNG Club, 'Robbie, with friend Marcia Bastow, went to PNG in May 1951. She was secretary to various department heads before becoming Michael Somare's private secretary'.
Bill and Robbie returned to Australia after Papua New Guinea achieved independence in September 1975. Like hundreds of other PNG 'ex-pats', they settled on Queensland's Gold Coast (the 1977 and 1980 election rolls show a William Arthur, clerk, and Norma Joan Weise, home duties, living at 19 Lakeside Ave Moana Park via Surfers Paradise). They joined the Gold Coast PNG Club which had been founded in 1976 and held regular luncheons and a range of other activities. Bill served as president of the club in 1987 and, as described in a recent overview of the club's history, he and Robbie were also instrumental in compiling and improving the club's magazine:
. . . with the help of artist Bill Weise and others the Magazine took on a more modern form, with Robbie Weise coining the title of Tok Tok Bilong Yumi . . . 1980 is remembered for some successful committee initiations . . . Robbie Weise had joined a year before; and thus started what can only be described as the "Robbie" era. Her influence as Editor of Garamut and her following work as Assistant Secretary resulted in the expansion of the club and the changing face of Garamut from being something more than a roneoed news sheet to that approaching a magazine. Her conscientiousness to that work made her a very popular member of our club, and certainly earned the privilege of being awarded life membership. Robbie's husband, Bill, an artist of some ability, produced our painted Logo on a sheet of curtain backing cloth, which we still use at our luncheons. He also improved the Garamut Logo for our magazine. Our present computer has copied this and still uses it on its front page today.
According to the Ryerson Index, William Arthur Weise, 'late of Broadbeach Waters, Qld' died on 12 October 1997 (Gold Coast Bulletin, 15 October 1997). His wife, Norma Joan (Robbie) Weise, died there on 12 April 1997 (Gold Coast Bulletin, 14 April 1997). Her brief obituary, mentioned earlier, in the club newsletter tells us Robbie had 'retired to the Gold Coast in 1975 where she became very involved with community affairs and was an active supporter and committee member of the Gold Coast PNG Club'. It added that Robbie is survived by her husband Bill, as well as a daughter and son, plus grandchildren. According to the Sherwood and Weise Family Trees on Ancestry, Bill and Robbie's daughter married the son of Athol Neville Sherwood (1928-2002) and Joan Agnes Dennis (1927-2004) who were wed at Parramatta in NSW on 5 October 1946. Dennis was born at Northmead in Sydney and Joan at Dubbo in western NSW, the fourth daughter of James Alexander Dennis (1892-1965) and Mary Josephine Bayliss (1898-1987). Although still to be confirmed, we think Bill and Robbie's son is Norman John Weise who was registered as living with them on the Gold Coast at the time of the 1980 election.
6) Muriel Faith Weise (1929-2017)
Born at Katanning in 1929, Muriel - shown in the photo on the left - married Rex Egerton-Warburton in the town's St Andrews Anglican Church on 20 March 1946. Also born at Katanning (in 1928), Rex was the only son of Reginald Hubert (also Rex) Egerton-Warburton (1894-1962) and Lena Mary Lambe (1906-95) who were married at Canning in Western Australia in 1925 and divorced in 1942 (Rex and Lena and their two children, Dawn and Rex jnr, are pictured in the photo below on the left). The 'Emmalisa Tilli Family Tree' on Ancestry tells us Rex's older sister, Dawn Egerton-Warburton (1926-97), was born at Katanning and married three times (Dawn is pictured on the right). Her first husband was Alfred Crabb (1917-2004) who Dawn married in Victoria in 1948. The Department of Veterans Affairs' WW2 nominal roll tells us Alfred was born at Souris in Kings County, Prince Edward Island in Canada and enlisted in the RAAF in Perth on 20 March 1943. He was then living at Fremantle and gave as his NOK a Ruth Crabb. He was discharged from the Air Force in May 1946 at which time he was a Leading Aircraftman in 14 Aircraft Repair Depot. The electoral rolls show that after their marriage, he and Dawn lived at 'Woolareen' at Konjonup in Western Australia where Alfred worked as a vermin inspector and later a farmer (the 1972 roll has a Cheryl Ann Crabb, who was working as a teacher, Reginald Wayne Crabb (farmer) and a Jennifer Louise Crabb (nurse) also living at Konjonup). They separated sometime after this and Alfred died at Esperance in Western Australia in 2004 and is buried in the local cemetery there. His gravestone tells us he was the 'loving father of Cheryl, Reg, Jenny, Geoff, John, Carolyn and Robbie'.
Dawn's second husband was the Perth-born author, Donald Robert Stuart (1913-83), who she married in Perth in 1976. As described in his Australian Dictionary of Biography entry, Donald had enlisted in the 2nd AIF on 21 May 1940. He sailed from Australia to the Middle East in April 1941 with the 2/3rd Machine Gun Battalion and saw action in the Syrian campaign. The unit was sent to Java in February 1942 and was part of the Allied force that surrendered to the Japanese the following month. He survived three and a half years as a prisoner of war, including time working on the the Burma-Thailand railway. After the War Donald lived for a time in Melbourne before returning to Western Australia where he worked variously as a labourer, farmer, and native welfare officer. His lifetime experiences informed his eleven published novels which included the semi-autobiographical Drought Foal, published in 1977, and I Think I'll Live (1981). As Sally Clarke, the author of Donald's ADB entry concluded, the prediction in 1976 of Harry Heseltine - academic and former Rector of the Australian Defence Force Academy - that 'Stuart's first five books may "come to be regarded as one of the most impressive groups of novels published by a single writer during the period" has not eventuated; his books are out of print and are rarely noticed by a later generation of literary critics'. Donald Stuart died of coronary artery disease at Broome in Western Australia on 25 August 1983. According to the 'Emmalisa Tilli Family Tree', after Donald's death, Dawn partnered with Robert Boyd, who died in Perth in 2004. They had two children and at least four grandchildren. Emmalisa also tells us that Dawn, who was her grandmother, died at Konjonup in 1997 and is buried as Dawn Stuart in the local cemetery. She adds her grandmother was a farmer, writer and poet and her published writings include a 144-page monograph entitled 'The way to St Werburgh's: a short history of the life and times of George Edward Egerton-Warburton founder of St Werburgh's, Mount Barker Western Australia'.
A young Rex Egerton-Warburton with his sister Dawn on the family farm in the early 1930s
(ABC Great Southern, 13 September 2019).
Greg Scannel's Wikitree (last modified on 1 January 2021), tells us Rex Egerton-Warburton's father was born at Balingup in Western Australia, the son of Augustus Egerton-Warburton (1850-1937) - pictured below - and Fanny Augusta Hester (1853-1927) who were married at nearby Blackwood on 20 May 1880. Augustus' obituary, published in Mount Barker's Southern Sentinel on 9 April 1937, tells us he was born at Strawberry Hill in Albany, the fourth son of Major George Edward Egerton-Warburton, an officer of the 51st Regiment 'who was transferred with troops from Tasmania to Albany in the first few years of the foundation of Western Australia'. Augustus' mother, English-born Augusta Emma Spencer (1821-96), was a daughter of Sir Richard Spencer (1779-1839), the government's first resident magistrate at Albany. His entry in the Australian Dictionary of Biography tells us Richard was the only son of his namesake and London merchant, Richard Spencer. He served as a midshipman and then officer in the Royal Navy from 1894 until his retirement in 1817 when he and his wife, Ann Warden Liddon, lived on their rural estate at Lyme Regis in Ann's home county of Dorset. After arriving at Albany with his wife and nine children in 1833, Richard purchased Strawberry Hill where he died suddenly in 1839. The Australian Dictionary of Biography tells us that, 'in spite of a reduced income', Lady Spencer 'contrived to maintain great style and gracious hospitality. She [also] had much difficulty with her headstrong sons. In 1843 she took three of them to England for education, but later one was drowned, another was sent to New Zealand and a third was killed by a falling tree'. One of her and Richard's other daughters, Eliza Lucy Spencer, married Captain later Sir George Grey (1812-98) on 2 November 1839. In addition to exploring Western Australia's north-western hinterland, Grey served as Governor of South Australia, Governor of New Zealand on two occasions, and High Commisioner of South Africa.
Augustus Egerton-Warburton's obituary further tells us his early boyhood was spent at St Werburgh's near Mount Barker, a property that had been granted by the Crown to his father. In his early twenties Augustus joined his cousin, Robert Spencer, in working the "Langton" estate at Mount Barker for a few years before selecting virgin country in the Lake Muir district where he established his 'Bokarup' property. The obituary adds that
. . . although most of his life had been spent in the Konjonup district, Mr Warburton found time to travel extensively through the State, mostly on tours of exploration in the unsettled areas of the eastern goldfields and in the North-West. He was greatly interested in the welfare of the aboriginals, and was in constant correspondence with the Aborigines Department suggesting and criticising with the object of improving the lot of the remnants of native tribes still existing in the district. Apart from deafness, which had come upon him as a sign of the advancing years, he retained his faculties to the end and was a keen debater on all current topics . . . He is survived by three sons (George, Angus and Rex) and three daughters (Mrs Merfield, Albany, Mrs F. W. Cox, Katanning, and Miss Isabel Egerton-Warburton.
Augustus' wife, Fanny Augusta Hester, was also a member of a pioneering Western Australian family. Her parents, Edward Godfrey Hester (1819-97) and Theodosia Sophia Hall (1827-97), were both born in England and came to the colony in around 1830. After marrying in Perth in 1847 they moved to Bunbury where Fanny was born in 1853. Edward worked at Bunbury as a storekeeper and timber merchant before selecting 60,000 acres of land in the Nelson district on which he established his Blackwood Park estate. An article on the property's history published in The Blackwood Times on 8 January 1954 tells us that while there Edward:
. . . erected the first steam flourmill in the South-West in 1865, the building, which is still standing, now being used as an apple store. Sheep-raising, principally Merinos formed the chief branch of Mr. Hester's enterprrise, and he also went in fairly extensively for cattle and horses, and carried on dairying operations with satisfactory results. For many years he served as a member of the Nelson Road Board acting as secretary, and also filling the chair for a lengthy period. A staunch Anglican, he frequently officiated as lay reader in Bridgetown, the present site of this picturesque town being on a part of the old Blackwood Park property.
From the Cyclopedia of Western Australia, Volume 2, this photo shows Augustus and Fanny Egerton-Warburton nee Hester
outside their homestead at Konjonup in Western Australia.
As noted earlier, Augustas and Fanny Egerton-Warburton had six children in addition to Rex: Blanche, George Edward, Mabel Augusta, Isabel Frances, Angus and Jessie. His military record in the Australian Archives shows that Angus Egerton-Warburton (1890-1960) enlisted in the Australian Army at Cranbrook in Western Australia on 26 October 1916 and sailed from Fremantle on the MILTIADES on 29 January 1917. After disembarking at Devonport in England on 27 March he spent the next twelve months in England before sailing from Dover to France on 1 April 1918. He joined the 51st Infantry Battalion five days later and 18 days after that was wounded in action during the battle to relieve Villers-Bretonnaux. Suffering from gas poisoning and a GSW to the left knee Angus spent time in hospital at Portsmouth and then Harefield in England before, in early January 1919, being repatriated back to Australia on the ORSOVA. He then spent some time in hospital at Fremantle before being discharged from the Army. The electoral rolls show Angus working as a grazier at Balbarrup near Konjonup in 1922 and 1925 (along with his younger brother Rex who was working there as a farm hand). He married Dorothy Mary Weston (1903-2008), who hailed from Basford in Nottinghamshire, at Plantagenet near Albany in 1925. The electoral rolls show they lived at 'Eurella' in Konjonup. Angus died in Perth in 1960 and Dorothy at Nedlands in 2008. They are both buried in the Konjonup cemetery along with their daughter, Margaret (1931-2012), and two sons: Brian Wayne (1934-98) and Ian Angus Egerton-Warburton (1941-2003).
After their marriage at Katanning in 1946, Rex and Muriel Egerton-Warburton lived at 'Woolareen', the family property and sheep station located to the east of Katanning near the town of Konjonop. In 1951 they acquired a 300-acre bush block and set about establishing their own farm. As Rex described in an interview with ABC Great Southern's Olivia Garnett in February 2019, he and Muriel 'lived in a tent with two small children for three months while I built a place to live in then just gradually cleared it'. While wool would become the farm's primary product, in the early days they also raised pigs, cattle and poultry and even milked cows for cream in order to make enough money to continue. After his father died in 1962, Rex inherited part of 'Woolareen' where they would again live and on which he built up a shearing flock of some 3,000 sheep. As reported in The Greater Southern Weekender, in January 2016 the couple returned to St Andrews Church at Katanning to celebrate their 70th wedding anniversary. Among the information provided in the report was that they had three daughters - Dianne, Denise and Maree - eight grandchildren, 23 great grandchildren and two great great grandchildren. The Ryerson Index shows Muriel Faith Egerton-Warburton, aged 88 and late of Konjonup, died on 31 December 2017. Her death notice published in the The West Australian on 3 January 2018 reads: 'EGERTON-WARBURTON (Weise) Muriel Faith: 15.2.1929 - 31.12.2017 wife of Rex for 72 years. Mother of Diane, Denise and Maree. Mother-in-law of John and Pascoe'. Her funeral service was conducted at St Mary's Anglican Church at Konjonup after which she was buried in the local cemetery.
Muriel and Rex Egerton-Warburton with their three daughters - Denise, Diane and Maree - on the occasion of their 70th wedding anniversary
celebrated at St Andrews Anglican Church at Katanning in Western Australia (The Great Southern Weekender, 26 January 2016 p.43).
Rex Egerton-Warburton at the Katanning sheep sale yards (ABC Great Southern, 13 September 2019).
'Sophia Elizabeth Hickmott'from Private photograph collection .
Pte Reginald Charles Carter, 2/4 Machine Gun Battalion, courtesy of the Australian War Memorial.
'Reginald and Joyce Carter', 'Norman and Bubbles' and 'Hickmott Family Reunion, 1946' courtesy of Norman Carter.
'Wedding of Thelma Weise and Thomas Applin', 'Thomas Applin', 'Florence and Alice Hickmott', 'Otto Weise and family' and
'Thelma Aplin with her two great grandchildren' from the 'Applin Family Tree' on Ancestry.
'Jack Thompson' from the the 'McLellan/Cribb Family Tree' on Ancestry.
'Muriel Weise', 'Dawn Egerton-Warburton' and 'Rex and Lena Egerton-Warburton' and
their two children, from the 'Emmalisa Tilli Family Tree' on Ancestry.
Augustus Egerton-Warburton from The Cycopedia of Western Australia, Volume 2.
The sources of the other photos are as described in the text.
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